If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
This is a rush transcript from "The Five," October 17, 2018. This copy may not be in its final form and may be updated. It's 5 o'clock in New York City, and this is The Five. The liberal media is once again whipping itself into a frenzy over President Trump. First up, amid the presidents brewing battle with Stormy Daniels and her lawyer, Michael Avenatti, Trump-hating MSNBC host Mika Brzezinski is calling on the president to be removed from office. MIKA BRZEZINSKI, MSNBC: This is one of the many, many, many ways this president has shown us that he's not fit, possibly not even well. You're working for a president who is not fit to lead, who's going to do something crazy in 5 minutes, one hour, tonight or tomorrow. Like what more do you need to hear from him to start thinking 25th amendment or something else? DON LEMON, CNN: Does he own a mirror? Has he -- he keeps talking about people gaining weight and how people look? Has he -- does he own a mirror that doesn't have Vaseline over it or a cloth? I mean, all he has to do is look in the mirror. Donald Trump is no prize. And if I were him, not that I'm one either, I would keep my thoughts about other people's looks to myself. Some in the media are trying to spin Elizabeth Warren's disastrous DNA reveal by using it to attack Trump. It is ultimately a dog whistle that plays into the grievances of his base, his overwhelmingly white bass, and it goes into multiple themes that are at issue for conservatives, predominately around affirmative action and whether or not they're people who are sort of cheating the system by claiming to be minorities. WATTERS: And the architect of the Iran nuclear deal, former Obama adviser, Ben Rhodes, is parroting this new media talking point about the disappearance of the Washington Post columnist. BEN RHODES, FORMER OBAMA OFFICIAL: The message -- the Saudis wanted to send and they have sent is that you're not safe anywhere if you criticize us. And the message of President Trump is sending is that there's no consequences. We have a President of the United States who says Journalist (INAUDIBLE). So values like freedom of speech and dissent, suddenly are very endangered around the world. And that's a thread line that I think it's getting much worse. Juan, let's pick up on what Ben Rhodes just said. I think it's pretty irresponsible to link the Washington Post columnist death with President Trump's war on the media.
The last few years have seen exponential growth in new technologies. It seems that the world is now opening up to new ideas and experiments. Exponential technologies are fantastic and can help humanity in a great deal. According to the report from PwC, Artificial intelligence could contribute to about $15.7 trillion to the world economy in 2030, expanding the global GDP by 14%. Gartner blockchain trend insight report predicted that Blockchain technology could have a share of to $3.1 trillion in the global economy by 2030.
After just three days using its new cutting-edge facial comparison biometric system, US customs intercepted an imposter posing as a French citizen trying to enter America. The 26-year-old man who was travelling from Sao Paulo, Brazil, last week became the first person to be caught out by the new technology, which is currently being tested at 14 international US airports. After the system alerted to a facial discrepancy, a search of the passenger revealed the man had concealed a Republic of Congo identification card in his shoe. He was deported without charge. US Customs and Border Protection hope the facial recognition software will detect terrorists and criminals before they can enter the US.
AI-related policy is as much a human communication and negotiation problem as it is a prioritizing of AI technologies as to what policy must be triaged. While there are key policy issues that will occur that will greatly impact the landscape for setting general Artificial Intelligence policy and priorities, a critical goal is to increase our capacity to globally cooperate with other nations to achieve sensible and ethical general AI policy. A precondition for this is to assess the present world trajectory politically over the next five years, and to use the results to determine how this will impact what we are able to do, both internally and cooperatively, to direct, monitor, and manage AI policy within a global context. First of all, the current trend, towards nationalism and withdrawing inside borders, indicates a need to improve understanding of what each culture or country may require. This could manifest as a range of policies that are structured to be ethically dynamic and able to adjust to cultural differences in ethical framing (an ongoing concern -- see Applin 2017: Autonomous Vehicle Ethics, Stock or Custom?).
The Chinese government has wholeheartedly embraced surveillance technology to exercise control over its citizenry in ways both big and small. It's facial-scanning passers-by to arrest criminals at train stations, gas pumps, and sports stadiums and broadcasting the names of individual jaywalkers. Government-maintained social credit scores affect Chinese citizens' rights and privileges if they associate with dissidents. In Tibet and Xinjiang, the government is using facial recognition and big data to surveil the physical movements of ethnic minorities, individually and collectively, to predict and police demonstrations before they even start. China is even using facial recognition to prevent the overuse of toilet paper in some public bathrooms.
The government has been urged to speed up the publication of its guidance for a'no deal' Brexit, after a survey of 800 businesses by the Institute of Directors found that fewer than a third of them have carried out any Brexit contingency planning. Recently, the Brexit debate has been dominated by the potential implications of the UK leaving the EU without any kind of deal in place next March. Some of the details have been pretty alarming, but the whole point about contingency planning is that it has to take account of the worst-case scenario. The UK produces roughly 60% of the food it consumes. Of the remaining 40%, about three-quarters is imported directly from the European Union, including a lot of fresh fruit and vegetables like citrus fruits, grapes and lettuces.
But while it conveys change to the jobs market, its implications for higher education and society are paramount. If careers are changing, then it stands to reason that higher education needs to change along with it. Higher education finds itself at the very front of one of the most significant workplace shifts this century, and how it interprets and responds to that change to ensure everybody benefits will have a considerable impact not only on the global flow of students but the whole of society. As tomorrowland approaches, international educators should realise how key the classroom will be. Welcome to the machine Self-driving cars are a typical example of the way artificial intelligence is starting to replace humans in the workforce, says UK-based futurist Calum Chace.
The U.S Department of Homeland Security had funded a research approximately 6 years ago of the virtual border agent technology, better known as AVATAR (Automated Virtual Agent for Truth Assessments in Real Time) and had tested it at the U.S Mexico border on travelers voluntarily. Canada and EU has also tested the robot like kiosk that is asking travelers a series of questions. If the trend continues, International Travelers could be speaking with kiosk to determine if they are lying on any aspect at an airport or border crossings. The technology can also be used to screen the refugees and unwanted travelers travelling to any country. It can also be used to screen the citizenship applications, processing visas and many other such inter-related services.
Salesforce Chairman and CEO Marc Benioff at Salesforce Dreamfest 17. Employees at Salesforce sent a letter to Benioff asking him to reconsider the company's contract with U.S. Customs and Border Protection. SAN FRANCISCO – Employees at Salesforce signed a letter to their CEO Marc Benioff asking him to reconsider the company's contracts with U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the latest in a string of staff protests at major tech companies over government contracts. More than 650 employees signed the letter, according to Bloomberg and Buzzfeed, which obtained a copy. The letter says Salesforce employees are aware that certain company products and tools are being used by CBP, and they are particularly concerned about Salesforce's Service Cloud being used in border activities. "Given the inhumane separation of children from their parents currently taking place at the border, we believe that our core value of Equality is at stake and that Salesforce should re-examine our contractual relationship with CBP and speak out against its practices," the letter said.
Amazon workers have written to CEO Jeff Bezos in protest of the company selling facial recognition tools and other technology to police departments and government agencies. The workers cite the use of Amazon technology by the US Department of Homeland Security and the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency, which have been criticised for enforcing President Donald Trump's "zero tolerance" policy that has seen parents separated from their children at the US border. "As ethically concerned Amazonians, we demand a choice in what we build, and a say in how it is used. We learn from history, and we understand how IBM's systems were employed in the 1940s to help Hitler," the letter states. "IBM did not take responsibility then, and by the time their role was understood, it was too late.