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What we learned from NeurIPS 2020 reviewing process

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Now that the reviewing period is over, we would like to share with you some statistics and insights about the reviewing process we used this year. We received 12115 abstract submissions, which resulted in 9467 full paper submissions. Compared to 2019, the number of submissions increased by 40%, which is very similar to the growth from 2018 to 2019. After more than three months of hard work from our reviewers, area chairs and senior area chairs (thank you, all!!), we have accepted exactly 1900 papers, including 105 oral presentations and 280 spotlight presentations. Note that this year we introduced "Social Aspects of Machine Learning", with topics like fairness and privacy.


Are Psychologists The Next Target For AI & Machine Learning?

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According to a WHO prediction, by 2020, roughly 20% of India will suffer from some mental illness and 450 million people currently suffer from a mental illness, worldwide. These numbers are a wake-up call that psychology as an issue and psychologists as a profession must be taken seriously. Such helping professions are often considered as human channels. Unlike manual workers whose job responsibilities are being taken over by machines and AI bots, psychiatrists and counselors see no threat to their professions with the advancements of machine learning and artificial intelligence. According to an influential survey of the future of employment by Carl Benedikt Frey and Micheal Osborne who are Oxford economists, the probability that psychology could be automated in the future is only 0.43%.


Only 50% Of Hires Are Successful: How AI Is Optimizing The Experience

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The pandemic increased unemployment for several months, but finally, companies are seeing re-employment numbers going up fast again. While this is a positive sign, organizations need to have processes to handle the increased number of applicants the best way possible, especially for industries that had to let go of many employees, to recruit the best candidates. Employees are the company's most important asset, so hiring better is critical for your success. I interviewed Yves Lermusi, Chief Futurist at OutMatch, the leading AI-driven hiring platform, to discuss how AI will impact both recruiters and candidates' hiring experience. OutMatch helps leading companies boost talent acquisition performance and to deliver an engaging hiring experience for all.


The Use of AI for Accessible Education

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Many times AI has been put on a pedestal as the future of x y & z, however, many seem to agree that education is a sector in particular which will see stark changes in both admin, teaching styles, personalisation and more. I had the pleasure of speaking to three individuals working in the field, including, Vinod Bakthavachalam, Senior Data Scientist at Coursera, Kian Katanforoosh, Lecturer at Stanford University & Sergey Karayev, Co-Founder and CTO of Gradescope. We began by having Sergey of Gradescope walk us through his product, which has been recently acquired by turnitin. The concept, it seemed was formed from the simple and widespread issue of both lack of consistency, lack of insight through time constraint and delayed feedback on academic work. Sergey found that scanning the papers onto an online interface when paired with a rubric can allow for accurate marking in seconds across several papers.


The tech transition in Aviation

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COVID-19 has triggered one of the most disruptive periods on record for air travel and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) has estimated that airlines will lose at least $314 billion due to the outbreak. As the industry looks to adapt to this new Covid-era, not only will airlines need to take a serious look at their overheads, but the standard of safety will need to remain the number one priority. With pilots and their training accounting for one of the biggest costs, airlines will need to re-think their pilot training strategy which is likely to include a need to outsource and decentralise to maximize efficiency. This resultant strain highlights the need for regulators to make changes to the training process. For example, there will need to be more reliance on e-learning in the initial cadet training and the acceptance of integrated technology in simulator training will also be important.


Global Artificial Intelligence in IoT Market : IBM, Microsoft, Google, PTC, AWS, Oracle, GE, Salesforce, SAP, Hitachi, etc. – The Bisouv Network

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Gauging through Scope: Global Artificial Intelligence in IoT Market, 2020-26 A new report defining the global Artificial Intelligence in IoT market offers readers with vivid details on current and most recent industry developments along with futuristic predictions that allow players to recognize exact vendor initiatives, end-user preferences and purchase decisions along with profitability. The report delivers pertinent details on strategic planning and tactical business decisions that influence and stabilize growth prognosis in global Artificial Intelligence in IoT market. The report in its opening section introduces the global Artificial Intelligence in IoT market, featuring market definitions, overview, classification, segmentation, inclusive of market type and applications followed by product specifications, manufacturing initiatives,pricing structures, raw material sourcing and the like. Following this, the report also focuses and analyzes the main regional market conditions followed by a global assessment. Vendor Landscape The report draws references of an extensive analysis of the Artificial Intelligence in IoT market, entailing crucial details about key market players, complete with a broad overview of expansion probability and expansion strategies.


How Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning will further advance Ed-tech sector?

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are the current hot assets of technology and disrupting almost all possible domains and sectors, including education. However, not many of us are aware that much of AI's theoretical and technological underpinning dates back to nearly seven decades ago, thanks to scientists such as Alan Turing, Marvin Minsky, and John McCarthy. In simple terms, AI is a sequence of technologies that power machines to function with higher intelligence levels, almost emulating human capabilities. As matter of fact, Artificial Intelligence has had a profound impact on the nature of services within the education sector. With respect to developing economies, the population's education and literacy levels play a significant role in the overall transition to an advanced economy.


Deep-Learning and 3D Holographic Microscopy Beats Scientists at Analyzing Cancer Immunotherapy

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Live tracking and analyzing of the dynamics of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells targeting cancer cells can open new avenues for the development of cancer immunotherapy. However, imaging via conventional microscopy approaches can result in cellular damage, and assessments of cell-to-cell interactions are extremely difficult and labor-intensive. When researchers applied deep learning and 3D holographic microscopy to the task, however, they not only avoided these difficultues but found that AI was better at it than humans were. A critical stage in the development of the human immune system's ability to respond not just generally to any invader (such as pathogens or cancer cells) but specifically to that particular type of invader and remember it should it attempt to invade again is the formation of a junction between an immune cell called a T-cell and a cell that presents the antigen, or part of the invader that is causing the problem, to it. This process is like when a picture of a suspect is sent to a police car so that the officers can recognize the criminal they are trying to track down.


Our emotions might not stay private for long

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If there is any doubt in your mind that are not headed to a future where mind-machine meld is going to be the new norm, just look at Elon Musk's Neuralink's BCI. The animal trials are already underway, as claimed by Musk, a monkey with a wireless implant in his skull with tiny wires can play video games with his mind. Although designed to cure a wide variety of diseases, the experiment aligns with Musk's long-term vision of coming up with a brain-computer interface that is able to compete with increasingly powerful AIs. However, Neuralink's proposed device is an invasive one that requires fine threads that need to be implanted in the brain. And as if these invasive devices were not scary enough for a person like me, new breakthroughs in neuroscience and artificial intelligence might infiltrate our emotions -- the last bastion of personal privacy. Don't get me wrong, I am all for using the novel tech for healthcare purposes, but who is to say that this can't be used by nefarious players for mind control or "thought policing" by the State.


AI uses "ugly duckling" technique to spot melanoma with high accuracy

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Artificial intelligence is starting to combine with smartphone technology in ways that could have profound impacts on the way we monitor health, from tracking blood volume changes in diabetics to detecting concussions by filming the eyes. Using the technology to spot melanoma in its early stages is another exciting possibility, and a new deep-learning system developed by Harvard and MIT scientists promises a new level of sophistication, by using a method commonly used by dermatologists known as the "ugly duckling" criteria. Using smartphones to detect skin cancers is an idea that scientists have been exploring for more than a decade. Back in 2011 we looked at an iPhone app that used the device's camera and image-based pattern recognition software to provide risk assessments of unusual moles and freckles. In 2017, we looked at another exciting example, in which an AI was able to use deep learning to detect potential skin cancers with the accuracy of a trained dermatologist.