If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Across a range of fields, individual careers are characterized by hot streaks, bursts of high-impact works clustered together in close succession. The hot streak highlights a specific period during which an individual's performance is substantially better than their typical performance. An example of a hot streak is Jackson Pollock's three-year period from 1947 to 1950, during which he created most of his famous artworks with his particular "drip technique". A few years ago, Lui and colleagues used AI to examine the work of scientists, artists, and film directors for hot streaks throughout their careers. They determined how impactful their work was by looking at output such as a scientist's most-cited papers over a 10-year period, auction prices for artwork, and IMDB.com movie ratings.
Whether an artist, scientist, or film director, trailblazers in particular fields often have a critically-acclaimed'hot streak' where they produce a series of outstanding work in short succession. Now, scientists at Northwestern University in Illinois claim to have pinpointed the secret formula that often triggers a pioneer's best work. Using a form of artificial intelligence (AI) called deep learning, they mined data related to thousands of artists, film directors and scientists to identify a magical formula for success. Hot streaks directly result from years of'exploration' (studying diverse styles or topics), immediately followed by years of'exploitation' (focusing on a narrow area to develop deep expertise), they claim. They define a hot streak as a burst of high-impact works clustered together in close succession – as achieved by artists such as Vincent Van Gogh and Jackson Pollock, or film directors like Peter Jackson or Alfred Hitchcock.
AI 2041: Ten Visions for Our Future is an unusual book. Each chapter consists of a short story, penned by science fiction writer Chen Qiufan, and a related analysis piece from Kai-Fu Lee, CEO of Sinovation Ventures and author of the nonfiction bestseller AI Superpowers. Chen, who also is founder of Thema Mundi, a content development studio, spoke with Fast Company on the eve of the release of AI 2041 about his collaboration with Lee, his own experiences with artificial intelligence, and what machine learning will mean for artists and writers. This interview was edited for length and clarity. Fast Company: How did this project come about?
Many people considered it a "formless blur of colors," an image that was abstract but slightly resembling a human face. The image isn't even properly positioned on the canvas, rather it is skewed towards the northwest. In October 2018, this "art piece": Portrait of Edmond de Belamy, an algorithm-generated print, was sold for $432,500, thus beginning the AI-Art goldRush. Humans have always created and enjoyed all forms of art, for viewing purposes, for aesthetic purposes, and even for therapeutic purposes. Since the discoveries of an artistic shell carved by homoerectus, the art business has grown in leaps and bounds and become a highly profitable industry.
Music artists can find inspiration and new creative directions for their song writing with technology developed by Waterloo researchers. LyricJam, a real-time system that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to generate lyric lines for live instrumental music, was created by members of the University's Natural Language Processing Lab. The lab, led by Olga Vechtomova, a Waterloo Engineering professor cross-appointed in Computer Science, has been researching creative applications of AI for several years. The lab's initial work led to the creation of a system that learns musical expressions of artists and generates lyrics in their style. Recently, Vechtomova, along with Waterloo graduate students Gaurav Sahu and Dhruv Kumar, developed technology that relies on various aspects of music such as chord progressions, tempo and instrumentation to synthesize lyrics reflecting the mood and emotions expressed by live music.
In 2021, technology's role in how art is generated remains up for debate and discovery. From the rise of NFTs to the proliferation of techno-artists who use generative adversarial networks to produce visual expressions, to smartphone apps that write new music, creatives and technologists are continually experimenting with how art is produced, consumed, and monetized. BT, the Grammy-nominated composer of 2010's These Hopeful Machines, has emerged as a world leader at the intersection of tech and music. Beyond producing and writing for the likes of David Bowie, Death Cab for Cutie, Madonna, and the Roots, and composing scores for The Fast and the Furious, Smallville, and many other shows and movies, he's helped pioneer production techniques like stutter editing and granular synthesis. This past spring, BT released GENESIS.JSON, a piece of software that contains 24 hours of original music and visual art.
Note to readers: Hello world is a program developers run to check if a newly installed programming language is working alright. Startups and tech companies are continuously launching new software to run the real world. This column will attempt to be the "Hello World" for the real world. At the Emami Art gallery, Harshit Agrawal, 29, will exhibit his work titled'EXO-Stential – AI Musings on the Posthuman.' At first look, you'd think the vivid imagery is solely the artist's imagination.
Come, walk with me for a while through latent space. We're so glad to have you here! Take a moment to collect yourself by the entrance before we begin the tour. The attendants can take your coat and boots for you if you're so inclined, or you can keep them with you at your leisure. We have a lot of ground to cover today and we hope to make the most of it. First off, let's get you checked in at the front desk.
In an age of conspiracies, here is a striking example, preposterous as it may sound. Highly intelligent robots--general artificial intelligence--surround us, undetected but fundamentally in charge, and human beings are just following instructions that they receive from these elusive entities. Or, a little less preposterously, imagine that the world is alive with consciousness and intelligence, and human thought reflects these processes. Does it sound like something out of The Matrix? The science fiction classic is not science fiction but a parable of something very real--namely, cinema itself. When you enter the dark room of a movie theater, a radical transformation takes place. You become the screen, and the mind that perceives, thinks, and connects ideas is fully contained in the celluloid roll, or the digital file. In a movie, everything has already been perceived in exactly the sequence that it is intended to be perceived; in the dark room, those images leave the hidden mind of the celluloid and get projected onto your mind--they get force-fed into your mind and the minds of the other viewers, where the images and ideas properly unfold.
Strofe is a new tool for creating game music using AI or machine learning. It runs in the browser and is currently free with future pricing discussed on /r/gamedev. We're thinking something like $1-3 to buy an individual song on top of a subscription service in the range of 5-10 to make/own unlimited songs. That way folks who just need one can grab one or if you have a big project you can subscribe. It's worth mentioning a lot of these legal cases are based around the offending artist's awareness of the song that was "copied" or stolen from.