If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
When the Montour School District launched America's first Artificial Intelligence Middle School program in the fall of 2018, many questions arose. How? (Just to name a few). But, as a student-centered and future-focused district, the thought process was not if we should teach AI, but what if we don't teach AI? Also, why isn't everyone teaching AI? Through a series of courses developed and implemented by Montour team members and partners, the AI program officially launched in October 2018. To date, hundreds of class have already been taught to students in areas of AI Ethics, AI Autonomous Robotics, AI Computer Science, and AI Music. The goal for the program is to make an all-inclusive AI program for all middle school students that is relevant and meaningful in a world where children live and prepare them for a future where they will thrive.
Last week, 5G Americas, the wireless trade group, announced the publication of a new whitepaper that focuses on the role 5G will play in wireless vehicle-to-everything communications. The self-driving or autonomous-driving revolution has been coming on strong over the last few years, but this next generation of wireless technology could be the real starting line. The 5G Americas whitepaper is called, "Cellular V2X Communications Towards 5G". If you've been paying attention, we have already entered this space. Driving many new cars, you will notice how they automatically update their operating systems, navigation, radio and dashboard controls while driving.
Under President Donald Trump, great power competition has become the organizing principle of American foreign policy. This has led to near-daily invocations of the Cold War to describe the intensifying rivalry between the United States and China, and to frequent analogies to an "arms race" to describe bilateral competition in advanced technologies, including quantum computing and artificial intelligence (AI). Public statements and national plans from both governments have reinforced this zero-sum dynamic. Such framing has done more to conceal than clarify and, if taken to its logical end-point, will do more harm than good for the United States. AI will create both immense stress on the U.S.-China relationship as well as opportunities for potential collaboration.
Overall, 41% of American adults support the development of artificial intelligence, according to a new survey. Yes, but: That leaves a lot of other people opposing it -- a lot of women, low-wage earners, people without a college education and people without coding experience. The same goes for Republicans and people 73 or older. Essentially, those unsupportive of AI are those least likely to be involved in designing it -- and the most likely to be adversely affected.
In what is perhaps the tensest scene in Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey, the spaceship's onboard artificial intelligence system HAL-9000 reads the lips of hiding crew members. Discovering their plans to turn it off, the system turns against all humans onboard for the sake of protecting the mission. What was once science fiction is now inching closer to reality thanks to artificial intelligence--but in the wrong hands it could open up terrifying possibilities. In 2018, Chinese researchers crafted a new dataset and surveillance application benchmarks for lip-reading in real-world settings. Though this tech was meant to aid the hearing-impaired, the Chinese are likely to use it to broaden their already expansive surveillance state.
Silicon Valley should've been called Balloon Burg. America's tech industry often seems like it might pop under the slightest pressure. Now, according to The New York Times, many of these companies are looking at looming U.S. Department of Commerce export restrictions on artificial intelligence like an inflatable animal would look at a porcupine. Credit: Tartila / Shutterstock Here's the problem: Congress voted in August to limit the export of "emerging and foundational technologies" to preserve U.S. national security interests. The New York Times said that a Commerce Department proposal would restrict the export of "several categories of AI-like computer vision, speech recognition, and natural language understanding" to countries the U.S. has sanctioned in the past.
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley said in a December interview with a small group of columnists in New York that one of the largest threats facing America was cyber warfare. A handful of House members suggested in a September letter to Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats that "deepfakes" -- videos that use artificial intelligence to develop realistic images of individuals -- were one of America's biggest emerging vulnerabilities. And over the last year or so, a group of the world's preeminent scientists and researchers, 26 in total, banded together to write a report warning of the time when artificial intelligence would surpass human performance and basically, take over much of what humanity currently does -- driving, writing, warring, even creating. That was their way of saying that one of America's most serious concerns was the potential for total technological dominance. All these sources suggest having some level of inside knowledge of the biggest tech-related security threats facing America.
But, technical challenges pop up. Yamazaki decided to use Clara specifically because it's an assistant that combines machine learning and human expertise. When the A.I. assistant can't decipher tricky language in an email, she automatically sends the email over to a human staffer. Clara has been known to make mistakes, such as accidentally scheduling meetings over the weekend, causing clients to email the bot directly and advising her not to work so hard or to enjoy the weekend. Yamazaki says that A.I. is far from perfect and is wary about it.
Donald Trump's commitment to "remain[ing] a steadfast partner of Saudi Arabia," despite the regime's gruesome torture and murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey, is clearly symptomatic of the malignantly self-serving nature of US foreign policy, which has long propped up dictatorships and enabled atrocities around the world for the sake of profit and power. However, many of Trump's most vocal critics on the Saudi file show signs of an equally dangerous pathological condition: a profound historical amnesia that permits some of the most prominent proponents of the US' own torturous and murderous policies to now parade as champions of human rights, without any apparent sense of irony. Obama-era CIA Director John Brennan, for instance, has insisted that "the US should never turn a blind eye to this sort of inhumanity [referring to the murder of Khashoggi] … because this is a nation that remains faithful to its values" - a curiously self-righteous stance for a man who not only repeatedly turned a blind eye to the inhumanity of past and present CIA practices such as extraordinary rendition, torture, and drone assassination, but actively defended and (in the case of drone use) expanded them. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell decried the brutal murder of Khashoggi as "completely abhorrent to everything the United States holds dear and stands for in the world". Yet he praised another perpetrator of abhorrent deeds, CIA "black site" torture prison manager Gina Haspel, as an "excellent choice" for Director of the CIA.
Argentine and Spanish researchers have used statistical techniques of automatic learning to analyze mobility patterns and technology of the hunter-gatherer groups that inhabited the Southern Cone of America, from the time they arrived about 12,000 years ago until the end of the 19th century. Big data from archaeological sites located in the extreme south of Patagonia have been used for this study. The presence of humans on the American continent dates back to at least 14,500 years ago, according to datings made at archaeological sites such as Monte Verde, in Chile's Los Lagos Region. But the first settlers continued moving towards the southernmost confines of America. Now, researchers from Argentina's National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET) and two Spanish institutions (the Spanish National Research Council and the University of Burgos) have analyzed the relationships between mobility and technology developed by those societies that originated in the far south of Patagonia.