US government


You better explain yourself, mister: DARPA's mission to make an accountable AI

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The US government's mighty DARPA last year kicked off a research project designed to make systems controlled by artificial intelligence more accountable to their human users. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, to give this $2.97bn agency its full name, is the Department of Defense's body responsible for emerging technology for use by the US armed forces. Significantly, it was DARPA's early funding of packet-switching network the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) more than 40 years ago that helped bring about the internet. The field of AI has made great strides in the last several years, thanks to developments in machine learning algorithms and deep learning systems based on artificial neural networks (ANNs).


At Toyota, The Automation Is Human-Powered

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On the assembly line in Toyota's low-strung, sprawling Georgetown, Kentucky factory, worker ingenuity pops up in the least expected places. Even as the automaker unveils an updated version of its vaunted production system, called the Toyota New Global Architecture (TNGA), the company has resisted the very modern allure of automation–a particularly contrarian stance to take in the car industry, which is estimated to be responsible for over half of commercial robot purchases in North America. Despite its dry subject, this book had a radical impact inside and outside of the business community–for the first time, unveiling the mysteries of Japanese industrial expertise and popularizing terms like lean production, continuous improvement, andon assembly lines, seven wastes or mudas and product flow. Codified as the Toyota New Global Architecture, this strategy doesn't primarily target labor to reduce production expenses but instead is weighted toward smarter use of materials; reengineering automobiles so their component parts are lighter and more compact and their weight distribution is maxed out for performance and fuel efficiency; more economical global sharing of engine and vehicle models (trimming back more than 100 different platforms to fewer than ten); and a renewed emphasis on elusive lean concepts, such as processes that allow assembly lines to produce a different car one after another with no downtime.


Uncle Sam Wants Your Deep Neural Networks

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Earlier this year, Kaggle ran a $1 million contest to build algorithms capable of identifying signs of lung cancer in CT scans, helping to fuel a larger effort to apply neural networks to health care.


How AI is taking over the global economy in one chart

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Immigration activists interrupted House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi during a press conference in San Francisco, which she held with DREAMers to reaffirm her support for pro-DACA legislation. Drowned out by protestors, Pelosi responded, "Yes I have ... You don't know what you're talking about." The context: The activists said they protested Pelosi because she and other Democrats are negotiating with Trump and congressional Republicans about a legislative replacement for DACA, the Obama-era order that shielded about 800,000 illegal immigrants who came to the U.S. as children from deportation, and allowed them to apply for work permits. Worth noting: Pelosi and Chuck Schumer raised DACA with Trump at a White House meeting earlier this month, and have said replacing it will be a top priority in the coming weeks and months.


More on 3rd Generation Spiking Neural Nets

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Recently we wrote about the development of AI and neural nets beyond the second generation Convolutional and Recurrent Neural Nets (CNNs / RNNs) which have come on so strong and dominate the current conversation about deep learning. The original charge by DARPA's SyNAPSE program has spread the work among many of these labs including Sandia, Oak Ridge, and Lawrence Livermore. "Neuromorphic computing is still in its beginning stages," says Dr. Catherine Schuman, a researcher working on such architectures at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. State of the art on the hardware side appears to still belong to IBM which recently delivered a supercomputing platform based on TrueNorth to Lawrence Livermore Lab with the equivalent of 16 million neurons and 4 billion synapses.


3 Ways Retailers Are Using Artificial Intelligence to Help Save Stores -- The Motley Fool

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According to the U.S. Census Bureau's monthly retail report, retail sales were up 4.5% year over year in April, but online sales grew 12%. Online retailers have long had an information advantage over their brick-and-mortar peers, as they are able to gather vital data about their customers (such as their age, gender, and location) as well as data on things like what people are looking at and how long they are staying on a page. For example, floor-level cameras can track traffic and where people are spending time in stores, and can predict information like age and gender by analyzing video of shoes. Nicholas has been a writer for the Motley Fool since 2015, covering companies in the consumer goods and technology sector.


How AI Is Transforming Drug Creation

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But samples also were sent to a lab where computers using artificial intelligence are changing the way pharmaceutical companies develop drugs. Biological insights driven by machine learning also could help pharmaceutical companies better identify and recruit patients for clinical trials of therapies most likely to work for them, perhaps boosting the chances of those medications' getting approved by regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration. AI systems trained on various data sources, including preclinical data sets, have helped make "significant performance improvements" by enabling "better selections of which compounds to…make and test" in the lab and by "flagging" whether compounds might have "toxic" effects or "unexpected favorable" ones, he says. German pharmaceutical company Merck KGaA has developed two drugs using computer-vision software, which analyzes images of cells and tissues, and other AI systems capable of drawing insights from public databases of genetic and chemical information, says Joern-Peter Halle, Merck KGaA's head of external innovation.


NASA studies Artificial Intelligence for Future Robotic Space Missions - Clarksville, TN Online

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Artificial intelligence is poised to change the way NASA studies space. A.I. onboard a NASA Earth science satellite detected the eruption of an Icelandic volcano in 2010, helping to produce this colorful image.


Uncle Sam Wants Your Deep Neural Networks

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Earlier this year, Kaggle ran a $1 million contest to build algorithms capable of identifying signs of lung cancer in CT scans, helping to fuel a larger effort to apply neural networks to health care.


Google's artificial intelligence machine AlphaGo just beat the world's No. 1 Go player

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Richard Duran, father of Bree'Anna Guzman, 22, discusses his daughter's murder in 2011 at a news conference attended by L.A. Mayor Eric Garcetti and Police Chief Charlie Beck. Geovanni Borjas, 32, was arrested on suspicion of raping and killing Guzman and Michelle Lozano, 17, in Lincoln Heights and dumping their bodies by area freeways six years ago. Richard Duran, father of Bree'Anna Guzman, 22, discusses his daughter's murder in 2011 at a news conference attended by L.A. Mayor Eric Garcetti and Police Chief Charlie Beck. Geovanni Borjas, 32, was arrested on suspicion of raping and killing Guzman and Michelle Lozano, 17, in Lincoln Heights and dumping their bodies by area freeways six years ago.