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Information Technology: Overviews


NATO Review - An Artificial Intelligence Strategy for NATO

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With new opportunities, risks, and threats to prosperity and security at stake, the promise and peril associated with this foundational technology are too vast for any single actor to manage alone. As a result, cooperation is inherently needed to equally mitigate international security risks, as well as to capitalise on the technology's potential to transform enterprise functions, mission support, and operations. The continued ability of the Alliance to deter and defend against any potential adversary and to respond effectively to emerging crises will hinge on its ability to maintain its technological edge. Militarily, futureproofing the comparative advantage of Allied forces will depend on a common policy basis and digital backbone to ensure interoperability and accordance with international law. With the fusion of human, information, and physical elements increasingly determining decisive advantage in the battlespace, interoperability becomes all the more essential.


A Road Map for Deep Learning

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Deep learning is a form of machine learning which allows a computer to learn from experience and understand things from a hierarchy of concepts where each concept being defined from a simpler one. This approach avoids the need for humans to specify all the knowledge that the computer needs. The hierarchy of concepts allows the computer to learn complicated concepts by building them on top of each other through a deep setup with many layers. The first thing you need to learn when it comes to learning deep learning is the applied math which is the fundamental building block of deep learning. Linear algebra is a branch of mathematics that is widely used throughout engineering.


Artificial Intelligence for Disaster Relief: A Primer - Lexalytics

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Governments and agencies are struggling to coordinate effective disaster relief programs. Artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), and natural language processing (NLP) can help. Natural disasters wreak havoc around the world every year. But it's hard to appreciate the scale of this damage. And that doesn't include the Northern California Wildfires or the biggest hurricanes.


CAD and AI for breast cancer--recent development and challenges

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Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) has been a popular area of research and development in the past few decades. In CAD, machine learning methods and multidisciplinary knowledge and techniques are used to analyze the patient information and the results can be used to assist clinicians in their decision making process. CAD may analyze imaging information alone or in combination with other clinical data. It may provide the analyzed information directly to the clinician or correlate the analyzed results with the likelihood of certain diseases based on statistical modeling of the past cases in the population. CAD systems can be developed to provide decision support for many applications in the patient care processes, such as lesion detection, characterization, cancer staging, treatment planning and response assessment, recurrence and prognosis prediction. The new state-of-the-art machine learning technique, known as deep learning (DL), has revolutionized speech and text recognition as well as computer vision.


Cornell Researchers Analyze Major Trends in Urban Tech

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A team of researchers at Cornell Tech, Cornell University's tech-focused research campus, has developed a forecast for how technologies like artificial intelligence could shape cities in the coming decade. After a year of work, the team released its first "Horizon Scan" report last week to discuss the potential risks and applications of recent advancements in urban tech. The forecast report predicts areas where the most radical and rapid changes in urban tech could take place, touching on topics such as "supercharged" smart city infrastructure, the use of sustainable building materials and machine learning in the public sector, among other areas of interest. The project was led by Anthony Townsend, urbanist in residence at the Jacobs Urban Tech Hub at Cornell Tech, who has spent years studying tech-related issues like the digital divide. He said the goal of the Horizon Scan was to create a road map "to make better decisions about applied research" in urban tech. Townsend said the need to weigh potential pros and cons of machine learning's applications in the public sector is a recurring factor in the report.


Best Machine Learning Research of 2020

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We saw excellent progress with enterprise acceptance of machine learning across a wide swath of industries and problem domains. In terms of pure research, I had a good time tracking the acceleration of progress in the area of machine learning. In this article, we'll take a tour of my top pick of papers that I found intriguing and useful. In my attempt to stay current with the field's research progress, the directions represented here are very promising. I hope you enjoy the results as much as I have. Overfitting & underfitting and stable training are important challenges in machine learning. Current approaches for these issues are mixup, SamplePairing, and BC learning. This paper states the hypothesis that mixing many images together can be more effective than just two.


Cognitive/Artificial Intelligence Systems Market Analysis by Recent Developments and Demand 2021 to 2027 - Amite Tangy Digest

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The Cognitive/Artificial Intelligence Systems Market report includes a comprehensive analysis of the global market. This includes investigating past progress, on-going market scenarios, and future prospects. Accurate data on the products, strategies and market share of leading companies in this particular market are mentioned. This report provides a 360-degree overview of the global market's competitive landscape. The report further predicts the size and valuation of the global market during the forecast period.


Data Science Road Map 2021 -- The Ultimate Guide

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To stand out, we recommend you master one of these fields. They are very popular in the jobs market now. Remote Sensing is the use of satellite or aircraft-based sensor technologies to detect and classify objects on Earth. Download opensource satellite images using packages like Rasterio and Folium, get meaningful and insightful data from every pixel in a satellite image.


Abductive inference is a major blind spot for AI

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The Transform Technology Summits start October 13th with Low-Code/No Code: Enabling Enterprise Agility. Recent advances in deep learning have rekindled interest in the imminence of machines that can think and act like humans, or artificial general intelligence. By following the path of building bigger and better neural networks, the thinking goes, we will be able to get closer and closer to creating a digital version of the human brain. But this is a myth, argues computer scientist Erik Larson, and all evidence suggests that human and machine intelligence are radically different. Larson's new book, The Myth of Artificial Intelligence: Why Computers Can't Think the Way We Do, discusses how widely publicized misconceptions about intelligence and inference have led AI research down narrow paths that are limiting innovation and scientific discoveries.


A Thousand Brains Theory: A Review

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For a long time, I have been following Numenta, a startup of neuroscientists whose goal is to understand the neocortex to reproduce the mechanisms in learning algorithms. The founder, Jeff Hawkins, wrote the book A Thousand Brains: A New Theory of Intelligence. Attractive title for me who loves neuroscience and artificial intelligence. In his book, the author gives a history of theories about the brain and intelligence. He explains with anecdotes and experiences how he arrived at his theory. The hypothesis I explore in this chapter is that the brain stores all knowledge using reference frames, and thinking is a form of moving.