Collaborating Authors

Zhang, Siyuan

Towards Hyperparameter-free Policy Selection for Offline Reinforcement Learning Machine Learning

How to select between policies and value functions produced by different training algorithms in offline reinforcement learning (RL) -- which is crucial for hyperpa-rameter tuning -- is an important open question. Existing approaches based on off-policy evaluation (OPE) often require additional function approximation and hence hyperparameters, creating a chicken-and-egg situation. In this paper, we design hyperparameter-free algorithms for policy selection based on BVFT [XJ21], a recent theoretical advance in value-function selection, and demonstrate their effectiveness in discrete-action benchmarks such as Atari. To address performance degradation due to poor critics in continuous-action domains, we further combine BVFT with OPE to get the best of both worlds, and obtain a hyperparameter-tuning method for Q-function based OPE with theoretical guarantees as a side product.

Joint Embedding in Named Entity Linking on Sentence Level Artificial Intelligence

Named entity linking is to map an ambiguous mention in documents to an entity in a knowledge base. The named entity linking is challenging, given the fact that there are multiple candidate entities for a mention in a document. It is difficult to link a mention when it appears multiple times in a document, since there are conflicts by the contexts around the appearances of the mention. In addition, it is difficult since the given training dataset is small due to the reason that it is done manually to link a mention to its mapping entity. In the literature, there are many reported studies among which the recent embedding methods learn vectors of entities from the training dataset at document level. To address these issues, we focus on how to link entity for mentions at a sentence level, which reduces the noises introduced by different appearances of the same mention in a document at the expense of insufficient information to be used. We propose a new unified embedding method by maximizing the relationships learned from knowledge graphs. We confirm the effectiveness of our method in our experimental studies.

A Poisson-Gaussian Denoising Dataset with Real Fluorescence Microscopy Images Machine Learning

Fluorescence microscopy has enabled a dramatic development in modern biology. Due to its inherently weak signal, fluorescence microscopy is not only much noisier than photography, but also presented with Poisson-Gaussian noise where Poisson noise, or shot noise, is the dominating noise source, instead of Gaussian noise that dominates in photography. To get clean fluorescence microscopy images, it is highly desirable to have effective denoising algorithms and datasets that are specifically designed to denoise fluorescence microscopy images. While such algorithms exist, there are no such datasets available. In this paper, we fill this gap by constructing a dataset - the Fluorescence Microscopy Denoising (FMD) dataset - that is dedicated to Poisson-Gaussian denoising. The dataset consists 12,000 real fluorescence microscopy images obtained with commercial confocal, two-photon, and wide-field microscopes and representative biological samples such as cells, zebrafish, and mouse brain tissues. We use imaging averaging to effectively obtain ground truth images and 60,000 noisy images with different noise levels. We use this dataset to benchmark 10 representative denoising algorithms and find that deep learning methods have the best performance. To our knowledge, this is the first microscopy image dataset for Poisson-Gaussian denoising purposes and it could be an important tool for high-quality, real-time denoising applications in biomedical research.