McIlraith, Sheila


Reports of the AAAI 2014 Conference Workshops

AI Magazine

The AAAI-14 Workshop program was held Sunday and Monday, July 27–28, 2012, at the Québec City Convention Centre in Québec, Canada. The AAAI-14 workshop program included fifteen workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence. The titles of the workshops were AI and Robotics; Artificial Intelligence Applied to Assistive Technologies and Smart Environments; Cognitive Computing for Augmented Human Intelligence; Computer Poker and Imperfect Information; Discovery Informatics; Incentives and Trust in Electronic Communities; Intelligent Cinematography and Editing; Machine Learning for Interactive Systems: Bridging the Gap between Perception, Action and Communication; Modern Artificial Intelligence for Health Analytics; Multiagent Interaction without Prior Coordination; Multidisciplinary Workshop on Advances in Preference Handling; Semantic Cities -- Beyond Open Data to Models, Standards and Reasoning; Sequential Decision Making with Big Data; Statistical Relational AI; and The World Wide Web and Public Health Intelligence. This article presents short summaries of those events.


Reports of the AAAI 2014 Conference Workshops

AI Magazine

The AAAI-14 Workshop program was held Sunday and Monday, July 27–28, 2012, at the Québec City Convention Centre in Québec, Canada. Canada. The AAAI-14 workshop program included fifteen workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence. The titles of the workshops were AI and Robotics; Artificial Intelligence Applied to Assistive Technologies and Smart Environments; Cognitive Computing for Augmented Human Intelligence; Computer Poker and Imperfect Information; Discovery Informatics; Incentives and Trust in Electronic Communities; Intelligent Cinematography and Editing; Machine Learning for Interactive Systems: Bridging the Gap between Perception, Action and Communication; Modern Artificial Intelligence for Health Analytics; Multiagent Interaction without Prior Coordination; Multidisciplinary Workshop on Advances in Preference Handling; Semantic Cities — Beyond Open Data to Models, Standards and Reasoning; Sequential Decision Making with Big Data; Statistical Relational AI; and The World Wide Web and Public Health Intelligence. This article presents short summaries of those events.


Assumption-Based Planning: Generating Plans and Explanations under Incomplete Knowledge

AAAI Conferences

Many practical planning problems necessitate the generation of a plan under incomplete information about the state of the world. In this paper we propose the notion of Assumption-Based Planning. Unlike conformant planning, which attempts to find a plan under all possible completions of the initial state, an assumption-based plan supports the assertion of additional assumptions about the state of the world, often resulting in high quality plans where no conformant plan exists. We are interested in this paradigm of planning for two reasons: 1) it captures a compelling form of \emph{commonsense planning}, and 2) it is of great utility in the generation of explanations, diagnoses, and counter-examples -- tasks which share a computational core with We formalize the notion of assumption-based planning, establishing a relationship between assumption-based and conformant planning, and prove properties of such plans. We further provide for the scenario where some assumptions are more preferred than others. Exploiting the correspondence with conformant planning, we propose a means of computing assumption-based plans via a translation to classical planning. Our translation is an extension of the popular approach proposed by Palacios and Geffner and realized in their T0 planner. We have implemented our planner, A0, as a variant of T0 and tested it on a number of expository domains drawn from the International Planning Competition. Our results illustrate the utility of this new planning paradigm.


Preface

AAAI Conferences

The KR conference series serves as a biennial gathering for researchers working on different aspects of KR&R, and fosters communication, cross-fertilization of ideas, and collaboration across re- search boundaries. As a consequence, the lists of topics addressed at this and previous KR confer- ences are diverse and cover a broad range of substantial research areas. KR 2012 is a case in point. The most popular topics for submission to KR 2012 included answer set programming; description logics; nonmonotonic reasoning; argumentation; belief merging, revision, and update; and KR and databases.


Exploiting N-Gram Analysis to Predict Operator Sequences

AAAI Conferences

N-gram analysis provides a means of probabilistically predicting the next item in a sequence. Due originally to Shannon, it has proven an effective technique for word prediction in natural language processing and for gene sequence analysis. In this paper, we investigate the utility of n-gram analysis in predicting operator sequences in plans. Given a set of sample plans, we perform n-gram analysis to predict the likelihood of subsequent operators, relative to a partial plan. We identify several ways in which this information might be integrated into a planner. In this paper, we investigate one of these directions in further detail. Preliminary results demonstrate the promise of n-gram analysis as a tool for improving planning performance.


Computing Robust Plans in Continuous Domains

AAAI Conferences

We define the robustness of a sequential plan as the probability that it will execute successfully despite uncertainty in the execution environment. We consider a rich notion of uncertainty over continuous domains that includes stochastic action effects, and changes to state variables due to unpredictable exogenous events. Given a characterization of this uncertainty in terms of probability distributions (e.g., Gaussian) our contributions are two-fold: First, we describe a novel approach to computing the robustness of a plan in the situation calculus, which (a) separates the projection problem from the problem of reasoning about probability, and (b) explicitly reveals the relevance and statistical independence of random variables and events (i.e., conditions that contain random variables). Then, building on this approach, we describe a forward search based planner that generates maximally robust plans, exploiting the revealed structure for speed-up. Preliminary empirical results demonstrate that our approach can realize exponential savings in both time and space compared to the classical sampling approach.


AAAI 2002 Workshops

AI Magazine

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) presented the AAAI-02 Workshop Program on Sunday and Monday, 28-29 July 2002 at the Shaw Convention Center in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The AAAI-02 workshop program included 18 workshops covering a wide range of topics in AI. The workshops were Agent-Based Technologies for B2B Electronic-Commerce; Automation as a Caregiver: The Role of Intelligent Technology in Elder Care; Autonomy, Delegation, and Control: From Interagent to Groups; Coalition Formation in Dynamic Multiagent Environments; Cognitive Robotics; Game-Theoretic and Decision-Theoretic Agents; Intelligent Service Integration; Intelligent Situation-Aware Media and Presentations; Meaning Negotiation; Multiagent Modeling and Simulation of Economic Systems; Ontologies and the Semantic Web; Planning with and for Multiagent Systems; Preferences in AI and CP: Symbolic Approaches; Probabilistic Approaches in Search; Real-Time Decision Support and Diagnosis Systems; Semantic Web Meets Language Resources; and Spatial and Temporal Reasoning.


AAAI 2002 Workshops

AI Magazine

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) presented the AAAI-02 Workshop Program on Sunday and Monday, 28-29 July 2002 at the Shaw Convention Center in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The AAAI-02 workshop program included 18 workshops covering a wide range of topics in AI. The workshops were Agent-Based Technologies for B2B Electronic-Commerce; Automation as a Caregiver: The Role of Intelligent Technology in Elder Care; Autonomy, Delegation, and Control: From Interagent to Groups; Coalition Formation in Dynamic Multiagent Environments; Cognitive Robotics; Game-Theoretic and Decision-Theoretic Agents; Intelligent Service Integration; Intelligent Situation-Aware Media and Presentations; Meaning Negotiation; Multiagent Modeling and Simulation of Economic Systems; Ontologies and the Semantic Web; Planning with and for Multiagent Systems; Preferences in AI and CP: Symbolic Approaches; Probabilistic Approaches in Search; Real-Time Decision Support and Diagnosis Systems; Semantic Web Meets Language Resources; and Spatial and Temporal Reasoning.


Reports on the AAAI Spring Symposia (March 1999)

AI Magazine

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, in cooperation, with Stanford University's Department of Com-puter Science, presented the 1999 Spring Symposium Series on 22 to 24 March 1999 at Stanford University. The titles of the seven symposia were (1) Agents with Adjustable Autonomy, (2) Artificial Intelligence and Computer Games, (3) Artificial Intelligence in Equipment Maintenance Service and Support, (4) Hybrid Systems and AI: Modeling, Analysis, and Control of Discrete Continuous Systems, (5) Intelligent Agents in Cyberspace, (6) Predictive Toxicology of Chemicals: Experiences and Impact of AI Tools, and (7) Search Techniques for Problem Solving under Uncertainty and Incomplete Information.


Reports on the AAAI Spring Symposia (March 1999)

AI Magazine

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, in cooperation, with Stanford University's Department of Com-puter Science, presented the 1999 Spring Symposium Series on 22 to 24 March 1999 at Stanford University. The titles of the seven symposia were (1) Agents with Adjustable Autonomy, (2) Artificial Intelligence and Computer Games, (3) Artificial Intelligence in Equipment Maintenance Service and Support, (4) Hybrid Systems and AI: Modeling, Analysis, and Control of Discrete + Continuous Systems, (5) Intelligent Agents in Cyberspace, (6) Predictive Toxicology of Chemicals: Experiences and Impact of AI Tools, and (7) Search Techniques for Problem Solving under Uncertainty and Incomplete Information.