Hirsh, Haym


Reports on the 2012 AAAI Fall Symposium Series

AI Magazine

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence was pleased to present the 2012 Fall Symposium Series, held Friday through Sunday, November 2–4, at the Westin Arlington Gateway in Arlington, Virginia. The titles of the eight symposia were as follows: AI for Gerontechnology (FS-12-01), Artificial Intelligence of Humor (FS-12-02), Discovery Informatics: The Role of AI Research in Innovating Scientific Processes (FS-12-03), Human Control of Bio-Inspired Swarms (FS-12-04), Information Retrieval and Knowledge Discovery in Biomedical Text (FS-12-05), Machine Aggregation of Human Judgment (FS-12-06), Robots Learning Interactively from Human Teachers (FS-12-07), and Social Networks and Social Contagion (FS-12-08). The highlights of each symposium are presented in this report.


Reports on the 2012 AAAI Fall Symposium Series

AI Magazine

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence was pleased to present the 2012 Fall Symposium Series, held Friday through Sunday, November 2–4, at the Westin Arlington Gateway in Arlington, Virginia. The titles of the eight symposia were as follows: AI for Gerontechnology (FS-12-01), Artificial Intelligence of Humor (FS-12-02), Discovery Informatics: The Role of AI Research in Innovating Scientific Processes (FS-12-03), Human Control of Bio-Inspired Swarms (FS-12-04), Information Retrieval and Knowledge Discovery in Biomedical Text (FS-12-05), Machine Aggregation of Human Judgment (FS-12-06), Robots Learning Interactively from Human Teachers (FS-12-07), and Social Networks and Social Contagion (FS-12-08). The highlights of each symposium are presented in this report.


Selective Sampling of Labelers for Approximating the Crowd

AAAI Conferences

In this paper, we present CrowdSense, an algorithm for estimating the crowd’s majority opinion by querying only a subset of it. CrowdSense works in an online fashion where examples come one at a time and it dynamically samples subsets of labelers based on an exploration/exploitation criterion. The algorithm produces a weighted combination of a subset of the labelers’ votes that approximates the crowd’s opinion. We also present two probabilistic variants of CrowdSense that are based on different assumptions on the joint probability distribution between the labelers’ votes and the majority vote. Our experiments demonstrate that we can reliably approximate the entire crowd’s vote by collecting opinions from a representative subset of the crowd.


Discovery Informatics: AI Opportunities in Scientific Discovery

AAAI Conferences

Artificial Intelligence researchers have long sought to understand and replicate processes of scientific discovery. This article discusses Discovery Informatics as an emerging area of research that builds on that tradition and applies principles of intelligent computing and information systems to understand, automate, improve, and innovate processes of scientific discovery.


Preface

AAAI Conferences

Addressing the ambitious research agendas put forward by many scientific disciplines requires meeting a multitude of challenges in intelligent systems, information sciences, and human-computer interaction. Many aspects of the scientific discovery process are often largely manual and could be automated, improved, or made more efficient. Better interfaces for collaboration, visualization, and understanding would significantly improve scientific practice. Scientific data, publications, and tools could be published in open formats with appropriate semantic descriptions and metadata annotations to improve sharing and dissemination. Opportunities for broader participation in well-defined scientific tasks enable human contributors to provide large amounts of data, annotations, or complex processing results that could not otherwise be obtained. Improvements and innovations across the spectrum of scientific processes and activities will have a profound impact on the rate of scientific discoveries.


Diamonds From the Rough: Improving Drawing, Painting, and Singing via Crowdsourcing

AAAI Conferences

It is well established that in certain domains, noisy inputs can be reliablycombined to obtain a better answer than any individual.It is now possible to consider the crowdsourcing of physical actions,commonly used for creative expressions such as drawing, shading, and singing.We provide algorithms for converting low-quality inputobtained from the physical actions of a crowd into high-quality output.The inputs take the form of line drawings, shaded images, and songs.We investigate single-individual crowds (multiple inputs from a single human)and multiple-individual crowds.


AAAI 2008 Workshop Reports

AI Magazine

AAAI 2008 Workshop Reports


AAAI 2008 Workshop Reports

AI Magazine

AAAI was pleased to present the AAAI-08 Workshop Program, held Sunday and Monday, July 13–14, in Chicago, Illinois, USA. The program included the following 15 workshops: Advancements in POMDP Solvers; AI Education Workshop Colloquium; Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems, Enhanced Messaging; Human Implications of Human-Robot Interaction; Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization and Recommender Systems; Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking; Multidisciplinary Workshop on Advances in Preference Handling; Search in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics; Spatial and Temporal Reasoning; Trading Agent Design and Analysis; Transfer Learning for Complex Tasks; What Went Wrong and Why: Lessons from AI Research and Applications; and Wikipedia and Artificial Intelligence: An Evolving Synergy.



Artificial Intelligence: The Next Twenty-Five Years

AI Magazine

Artificial Intelligence: The Next Twenty-Five Years Abstract Through this collection of programmatic statements from key figures in the field, we chart the progress of AI and survey current and future directions for AI research and the AI community. Through this collection of programmatic statements from key figures in the field, we chart the progress of AI and survey current and future directions for AI research and the AI community.