Gruninger, Michael


Semantic Integration through Invariants

AI Magazine

A semantics-preserving exchange of information between two software applications requires mappings between logically equivalent concepts in the ontology of each application. The challenge of semantic integration is therefore equivalent to the problem of generating such mappings, determining that they are correct, and providing a vehicle for executing the mappings, thus translating terms from one ontology into another. This article presents an approach toward this goal using techniques that exploit the model-theoretic structures underlying ontologies. With these as inputs, semiautomated and automated components may be used to create mappings between ontologies and perform translations.


The Process Specification Language (PSL) Theory and Applications

AI Magazine

The PROCESS SPECIFICATION language (PSL) has been designed to facilitate correct and complete exchange of process information among manufacturing systems, such as scheduling, process modeling, process planning, production planning, simulation, project management, work flow, and business-process reengineering. We give an overview of the theories within the PSL ontology, discuss some of the design principles for the ontology, and finish with examples of process specifications that are based on the ontology.


AAAI 1997 Spring Symposium Reports

AI Magazine

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) held its 1997 Spring Symposium Series on 24 to 26 March at Stanford University in Stanford, California. This article contains summaries of the seven symposia that were conducted: (1) Artificial Intelligence in Knowledge Management; (2) Computational Models for Mixed-Initiative Interaction; (3) Cross-Language Text and Speech Retrieval; (4) Intelligent Integration and Use of Text, Image, Video, and Audio Corpora; (5) Natural Language Processing for the World Wide Web; (6) Ontological Engineering; and (7) Qualitative Preferences in Deliberation and Practical Reasoning.