Computational sustainability problems, which exist in dynamic environments with high amounts of uncertainty, provide a variety of unique challenges to artificial intelligence research and the opportunity for significant impact upon our collective future. This editorial introduction provides an overview of artificial intelligence for computational sustainability, and introduces the special issue articles that appear in this issue and the previous issue of AI Magazine.
Kelling, Steve (Cornell University) | Gerbracht, Jeff (Cornell University) | Fink, Daniel (Cornell University) | Lagoze, Carl (Cornell University) | Wong, Weng-Keen (Oregon State University) | Yu, Jun (Oregon State University) | Damoulas, Theodoros (Cornell University) | Gomes, Carla (Cornell University)
In this paper we describe eBird, a citizen-science project that takes advantage of the human observational capacity to identify birds to species, which is then used to accurately represent patterns of bird occurrences across broad spatial and temporal extents. We call this a Human-Computer Learning Network, whose core is an active learning feedback loop between humans and machines that dramatically improves the quality of both, and thereby continually improves the effectiveness of the network as a whole. In this paper we explore how Human-Computer Learning Networks can leverage the contributions of a broad recruitment of human observers and processes their contributed data with Artificial Intelligence algorithms leading to a computational power that far exceeds the sum of the individual parts.
Blake, Brian, Haigh, Karen, Hexmoor, Henry, Falcone, Rino, Soh, Leen-Kiat, Baral, Chitta, McIlraith, Sheila, Gmytrasiewicz, Piotr, Parsons, Simon, Malaka, Rainer, Krueger, Antonio, Bouquet, Paolo, Smart, Bill, Kurumantani, Koichi, Pease, Adam, Brenner, Michael, desJardins, Marie, Junker, Ulrich, Delgrande, Jim, Doyle, Jon, Rossi, Francesca, Schaub, Torsten, Gomes, Carla, Walsh, Toby, Guo, Haipeng, Horvitz, Eric J., Ide, Nancy, Welty, Chris, Anger, Frank D., Guegen, Hans W., Ligozat, Gerald
The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) presented the AAAI-02 Workshop Program on Sunday and Monday, 28-29 July 2002 at the Shaw Convention Center in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The AAAI-02 workshop program included 18 workshops covering a wide range of topics in AI. The workshops were Agent-Based Technologies for B2B Electronic-Commerce; Automation as a Caregiver: The Role of Intelligent Technology in Elder Care; Autonomy, Delegation, and Control: From Interagent to Groups; Coalition Formation in Dynamic Multiagent Environments; Cognitive Robotics; Game-Theoretic and Decision-Theoretic Agents; Intelligent Service Integration; Intelligent Situation-Aware Media and Presentations; Meaning Negotiation; Multiagent Modeling and Simulation of Economic Systems; Ontologies and the Semantic Web; Planning with and for Multiagent Systems; Preferences in AI and CP: Symbolic Approaches; Probabilistic Approaches in Search; Real-Time Decision Support and Diagnosis Systems; Semantic Web Meets Language Resources; and Spatial and Temporal Reasoning.
The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence held its 2001 Fall Symposium Series November 2-4, 2001 at the Sea Crest Conference Center in North Falmouth, Massachusetts. The topics of the five symposia in the 2001 Fall Symposia Series were (1) Anchoring Symbols to Sensor Data in Single and Multiple Robot Systems, (2) Emotional and Intelligent II: The Tangled Knot of Social Cognition, (3) Intent Inference for Collaborative Tasks, (4) Negotiation Methods for Autonomous Cooperative Systems, and (5) Using Uncertainty within Computation. This article contains brief reports of those five symposia.