If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Albrecht, Stefano (The University of Texas at Austin) | Bouchard, Bruno (Université du Québec à Chicoutimi) | Brownstein, John S. (Harvard University) | Buckeridge, David L. (McGill University) | Caragea, Cornelia (University of North Texas) | Carter, Kevin M. (MIT Lincoln Laboratory) | Darwiche, Adnan (University of California, Los Angeles) | Fortuna, Blaz (Bloomberg L.P. and Jozef Stefan Institute) | Francillette, Yannick (Université du Québec à Chicoutimi) | Gaboury, Sébastien (Université du Québec à Chicoutimi) | Giles, C. Lee (Pennsylvania State University) | Grobelnik, Marko (Jozef Stefan Institute) | Hruschka, Estevam R. (Federal University of São Carlos) | Kephart, Jeffrey O. (IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center) | Kordjamshidi, Parisa (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) | Lisy, Viliam (University of Alberta) | Magazzeni, Daniele (King's College London) | Marques-Silva, Joao (University of Lisbon) | Marquis, Pierre (Université d'Artois) | Martinez, David (MIT Lincoln Laboratory) | Michalowski, Martin (Adventium Labs) | Shaban-Nejad, Arash (University of California, Berkeley) | Noorian, Zeinab (Ryerson University) | Pontelli, Enrico (New Mexico State University) | Rogers, Alex (University of Oxford) | Rosenthal, Stephanie (Carnegie Mellon University) | Roth, Dan (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) | Sinha, Arunesh (University of Southern California) | Streilein, William (MIT Lincoln Laboratory) | Thiebaux, Sylvie (The Australian National University) | Tran, Son Cao (New Mexico State University) | Wallace, Byron C. (University of Texas at Austin) | Walsh, Toby (University of New South Wales and Data61) | Witbrock, Michael (Lucid AI) | Zhang, Jie (Nanyang Technological University)
The Workshop Program of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence's Thirtieth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-16) was held at the beginning of the conference, February 12-13, 2016. Workshop participants met and discussed issues with a selected focus -- providing an informal setting for active exchange among researchers, developers and users on topics of current interest. To foster interaction and exchange of ideas, the workshops were kept small, with 25-65 participants. Attendance was sometimes limited to active participants only, but most workshops also allowed general registration by other interested individuals.
Wu, Jian (Pennsylvania State University) | Williams, Kyle Mark (Pennsylvania State University) | Chen, Hung-Hsuan (Industrial Technology Research Institute) | Khabsa, Madian (Pennsylvania State University) | Caragea, Cornelia (University of North Texas) | Tuarob, Suppawong (Pennsylvania State University) | Ororbia, Alexander G. (Pennsylvania State University) | Jordan, Douglas (Pennsylvania State University) | Mitra, Prasenjit (Pennsylvania State University) | Giles, C. Lee (Pennsylvania State University)
CiteSeerX is a digital library search engine providing access to more than five million scholarly documents with nearly a million users and millions of hits per day. These AI technologies have been developed by CiteSeerX group members over the past 5–6 years. We also present AI technologies implemented in table and algorithm search, which are special search modes in CiteSeerX. While it is challenging to rebuild a system like CiteSeerX from scratch, many of these AI technologies are transferable to other digital libraries and/or search engines.
Albrecht, Stefano V. (University of Edinburgh) | Beck, J. Christopher (University of Toronto) | Buckeridge, David L. (McGill University) | Botea, Adi (IBM Research, Dublin) | Caragea, Cornelia (University of North Texas) | Chi, Chi-hung (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) | Damoulas, Theodoros (New York University) | Dilkina, Bistra (Georgia Institute of Technology) | Eaton, Eric (University of Pennsylvania) | Fazli, Pooyan (Carnegie Mellon University) | Ganzfried, Sam (Carnegie Mellon University) | Giles, C. Lee (Pennsylvania State University) | Guillet, Sébastian (Université du Québec) | Holte, Robert (University of Alberta) | Hutter, Frank (University of Freiburg) | Koch, Thorsten (TU Berlin) | Leonetti, Matteo (University of Texas at Austin) | Lindauer, Marius (University of Freiburg) | Machado, Marlos C. (University of Alberta) | Malitsky, Yui (IBM Research) | Marcus, Gary (New York University) | Meijer, Sebastiaan (KTH Royal Institute of Technology) | Rossi, Francesca (University of Padova, Italy) | Shaban-Nejad, Arash (University of California, Berkeley) | Thiebaux, Sylvie (Australian National University) | Veloso, Manuela (Carnegie Mellon University) | Walsh, Toby (NICTA) | Wang, Can (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) | Zhang, Jie (Nanyang Technological University) | Zheng, Yu (Microsoft Research)
AAAI's 2015 Workshop Program was held Sunday and Monday, January 25–26, 2015 at the Hyatt Regency Austin Hotel in Austion, Texas, USA. The AAAI-15 workshop program included 15 workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence. Most workshops were held on a single day. The titles of the workshops included AI and Ethics, AI for Cities, AI for Transportation: Advice, Interactivity and Actor Modeling, Algorithm Configuration, Artificial Intelligence Applied to Assistive Technologies and Smart Environments, Beyond the Turing Test, Computational Sustainability, Computer Poker and Imperfect Information, Incentive and Trust in E-Communities, Multiagent Interaction without Prior Coordination, Planning, Search, and Optimization, Scholarly Big Data: AI Perspectives, Challenges, and Ideas, Trajectory-Based Behaviour Analytics, World Wide Web and Public Health Intelligence, Knowledge, Skill, and Behavior Transfer in Autonomous Robots, and Learning for General Competency in Video Games.
Personal names are important and common information in many data sources, ranging from social networks and news articles to patient records and scientific documents.They are often used as queries for retrieving records and also as key information for linking documents from multiple sources. Matching personal names can be challenging due to variations in spelling and various formatting of names. While many approximated name matching techniques have been proposed, most are generic string-matching algorithms. Unlike other types of proper names, personal names are highly cultural. Many ethnicities have their own unique naming systems and identifiable characteristics. In this paper we explore such relationships between ethnicities and personal names to improve the name matching performance. First, we propose a name-ethnicity classifier based on the multinomial logistic regression. Our model can effectively identify name-ethnicity from personal names in Wikipedia, which we use to define name-ethnicity, to within 85\% accuracy.Next, we propose a novel alignment-based name matching algorithm, based on Smith–Waterman algorithm and logistic regression.Different name matching models are then trained for different name-ethnicity groups.Our preliminary experimental result on DBLP's disambiguated author dataset yields a performance of 99\% precision and 89\% recall.Surprisingly, textual features carry more weight than phonetic ones in name-ethnicity classification.
In digital libraries, a table, as a specific document component as well as a condensed way to present structured and relational data, contains rich information and often the only source of .that information. In order to explore, retrieve, and reuse that data, tables should be identified and the data extracted. Table recognition is an old field of research. However, due to the diversity of table styles, the results are still far from satisfactory, and not a single algorithm performs well on all different types of tables. In this paper, we randomly take samples from the CiteSeerX to investigate diverse table styles for automatic table extraction. We find that table headers are one of the main characteristics of complex table styles. We identify a set of features that can be used to segregate headers from tabular data and build a classifier to detect table headers. Our empirical evaluation on PDF documents shows that using a Random Forest classifier achieves an accuracy of 92%.
Kataria, Saurabh (The Pennsylvania State University) | Mitra, Prasenjit (The Pennsylvania State University) | Caragea, Cornelia (The Pennsylvania State University) | Giles, C. Lee (The Pennsylvania State University)
In a document network such as a citation network of scientific documents, web-logs etc., the content produced by authors exhibit their interest in certain topics. In addition some authors influence other authors' interests. In this work, we propose to model the influence of cited authors along with the interests of citing authors. Morover , we hypothesize that citations present in documents, the context surrounding the citation mention provides extra topical information about the cited authors. However, associating terms in the context to the cited authors remains an open problem. We propose novel document generation schemes that incorporate the context while simultaneously modeling the interests of citing authors and influence of the cited authors. Our experiments show significant improvements over baseline models for various evaluation criteria such as link prediction between document and cited author, and quantitatively explaining unseen text.