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Collaborating Authors

Barker, Jon


The Use of Voice Source Features for Sung Speech Recognition

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In this paper, we ask whether vocal source features (pitch, shimmer, jitter, etc) can improve the performance of automatic sung speech recognition, arguing that conclusions previously drawn from spoken speech studies may not be valid in the sung speech domain. We first use a parallel singing/speaking corpus (NUS-48E) to illustrate differences in sung vs spoken voicing characteristics including pitch range, syllables duration, vibrato, jitter and shimmer. We then use this analysis to inform speech recognition experiments on the sung speech DSing corpus, using a state of the art acoustic model and augmenting conventional features with various voice source parameters. Experiments are run with three standard (increasingly large) training sets, DSing1 (15.1 hours), DSing3 (44.7 hours) and DSing30 (149.1 hours). Pitch combined with degree of voicing produces a significant decrease in WER from 38.1% to 36.7% when training with DSing1 however smaller decreases in WER observed when training with the larger more varied DSing3 and DSing30 sets were not seen to be statistically significant. Voicing quality characteristics did not improve recognition performance although analysis suggests that they do contribute to an improved discrimination between voiced/unvoiced phoneme pairs.


Malware Detection by Eating a Whole EXE

arXiv.org Machine Learning

In this work we introduce malware detection from raw byte sequences as a fruitful research area to the larger machine learning community. Building a neural network for such a problem presents a number of interesting challenges that have not occurred in tasks such as image processing or NLP. In particular, we note that detection from raw bytes presents a sequence problem with over two million time steps and a problem where batch normalization appear to hinder the learning process. We present our initial work in building a solution to tackle this problem, which has linear complexity dependence on the sequence length, and allows for interpretable sub-regions of the binary to be identified. In doing so we will discuss the many challenges in building a neural network to process data at this scale, and the methods we used to work around them.