Designing next generation analog chipsets for AI applications


Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have developed a design framework to build next-generation analog computing chipsets that could be faster and require less power than the digital chips found in most electronic devices. Using their novel design framework, the team has built a prototype of an analog chipset called ARYABHAT-1 (Analog Reconfigurable technologY And Bias-scalable Hardware for AI Tasks). This type of chipset can be especially helpful for Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based applications like object or speech recognition--think Alexa or Siri--or those that require massive parallel computing operations at high speeds. Most electronic devices, particularly those that involve computing, use digital chips because the design process is simple and scalable. "But the advantage of analog is huge. You will get orders of magnitude improvement in power and size," explains Chetan Singh Thakur, assistant professor at the Department of Electronic Systems Engineering (DESE), IISc, whose lab is leading the efforts to develop the analog chipset.

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