Using artificial intelligence to advance energy technologies


Hongliang Xin, an associate professor of chemical engineering in the College of Engineering, and his collaborators have devised a new artificial intelligence framework that can accelerate discovery of materials for important technologies, such as fuel cells and carbon capture devices. Titled "Infusing theory into deep learning for interpretable reactivity prediction," their paper in the journal Nature Communications details a new approach called TinNet--short for theory-infused neural network--that combines machine-learning algorithms and theories for identifying new catalysts. Catalysts are materials that trigger or speed up chemical reactions. TinNet is based on deep learning, also known as a subfield of machine learning, which uses algorithms to mimic how human brains work. The 1996 victory of IBM's Deep Blue computer over world chess champion Garry Kasparov was one of the first advances in machine learning.

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