Scientific Discovery


AI in the Military: Paradigm Shift in Warfare - Scott Amyx

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The defense industry is the latest sector to utilize AI. With AI at helm, a central command could launch a multi-pronged attack from land, air, and water simultaneously without any humans on the warfront. The gun autonomously takes it own decision to fire on a target. Another potential drawback is ease of taking decisions to launch an attack when no human combatants are involved.


How the Cassini mission led a 'paradigm shift' in search for alien life

Christian Science Monitor

"It's definitely been a paradigm shift in where you might find life," says Cassini project scientist Linda Spilker. Icy geysers fueled by Enceladus's ocean shoot out from cracks in the moon's surface, allowing the Cassini spacecraft to sample them directly during flybys. But that doesn't mean some exotic form of life couldn't be swimming through Titan's methane lakes. With its own watery geysers, Jupiter's moon Europa is another exciting ocean world outside the Goldilocks zone, and is the subject of a coming NASA mission, called Europa Clipper, planned to launch in the 2020s.


The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery - Microsoft Research

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The speed at which any given scientific discipline advances will depend on how well its researchers collaborate with one another, and with technologists, in areas of eScience such as databases, workflow management, visualization, and cloud computing technologies. In The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery, the collection of essays expands on the vision of pioneering computer scientist Jim Gray for a new, fourth paradigm of discovery based on data-intensive science and offers insights into how it can be fully realized. "The impact of Jim Gray's thinking is continuing to get people to think in a new way about how data and software are redefining what it means to do science." "I often tell people working in eScience that they aren't in this field because they are visionaries or super-intelligent--it's because they care about science and they are alive now.


What Happens When Two Neutron Stars Collide? Scientific Revolution

WIRED

The astronomers who stayed behind trained their telescopes on a patch of sky where they hoped to find an astrophysical Rosetta stone: a cataclysmic event capable of producing electromagnetic signals on top of gravitational waves separately detected by the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (Advanced LIGO). Original story reprinted with permission from Quanta Magazine, an editorially independent publication of the Simons Foundation whose mission is to enhance public understanding of science by covering research developments and trends in mathematics and the physical and life sciences. Starting August 17 and continuing every night since, the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy at Cerro Paranal in Chile has taken survey images intended to spot a kilonova, the proposed observational signature of two colliding neutron stars, based on a LIGO gravitational wave detection. Original story reprinted with permission from Quanta Magazine, an editorially independent publication of the Simons Foundation whose mission is to enhance public understanding of science by covering research developments and trends in mathematics and the physical and life sciences.


Bridging the gap between big banks and challengers

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Since leaving Barclays in 2015, Mr Jenkins has spent time speaking to fintech startups and banking chief executives to get a sense of the gulf between the two parties and how to bridge it. Mr Jenkins founded 10x Technologies, a startup that offers a cloud-based core banking platform – a modern operating system for finance. However, it's the last challenge, cultural resistance, that Mr Jenkins says is "the most difficult and the most powerful" obstacle. "Bank management is largely technologically illiterate," says Mr Derhalli.


Data Science Simplified Part 3: Hypothesis Testing

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Like a crime-fiction story, hypothesis testing, based on data, leads us from a novel suggestion to an effective proposition. If there are statistically significant evidences that suggest that the alternate hypothesis is valid, then the NULL hypothesis is rejected. Like all statistical testing, hypothesis testing has to deal with uncertainty. The p-value is the probability that the t-statistic observed by chance under the assumption that NULL hypothesis is true.


Adam Schiff, President Trump and the serendipity of slander

Los Angeles Times

Schiff is the nine-term Democratic congressman from Southern California, representing parts of Los Angeles and several communities, including Burbank, Glendale and Pasadena, skirting the nearby mountains. With well over a dozen members of Congress crowding the Southern California media market and TV stations having close to zero interest in politics, about the only way for a Washington lawmaker to get attention is participating in a high-speed car chase, ideally in prime time with a Kardashian riding shotgun. It is one reason the area's congressional lawmakers have a decades-long, unblemished record of futility when it comes to seeking prominent state office. Schiff would face all the hurdles confronting any Southern California member of Congress trying to make the broad leap to the Senate: the mountainous fundraising requirement, the difficulty of launching from a small geographic base and, not least, the built-in bias many Northern Californians have against voting for any politician from (ugh!)


Importance of Hypothesis Testing in Quality Management

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When you need to make decisions such as how much you should spend on advertising or what effect a price increase will have your customer base, it's easy to make wild assumptions or get lost in analysis paralysis. Hypothesis testing is categorized as parametric test and nonparametric test. The parametric test includes z-test, t-test, f-test. The nonparametric test includes sign test, Wilcoxon Rank-sum test, Kruskal-Wallis test and permutation test.


Artificial Intelligence Will Create a Paradigm Shift Within the Next Decade

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Today, enterprise software is largely at the "power steering" phase. Today, enterprise software is largely at the "power steering" phase, where workflow-based software helps you "steer" more easily. Over the next decade, I believe enterprise software will get to level 4/5, where software will be self driving, and we'll see a paradigm shift in the coming years when we move from a mindset of machines are assisting humans to humans are assisting machines. Salesforce has been a largely workflow driven solution to push sales reps to input their activities (so they get paid) and thus allow sales managers to view activities of their direct report and manage more efficiently.


DuPont Pioneer: Data Engineer

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DuPont has a rich history of scientific discovery that has enabled countless innovations and today, we're looking for more people, in more places, to collaborate with us to make life the best that it can be. Seeking a Data Engineer/Software Developer to design, develop, and implement high quality data solutions and applications for our data science and analytics platform in AWS. Education & Experience: BS degree in Computer Science, Physics, Electrical Engineering, or a related field.