Rule-Based Reasoning

Three Developments that will Reshape Digital Identity in 2019


In the short term, AI (non-linear) models will be used as a benchmark for explainable (linear) machine learning models. When validation data sets are run in parallel with linear and non-linear models and converge on same answer, the linear models can be used to approximate the decision from the neural network. Fraud, risk management and AML, CIP/KYC processes stand to benefit from this approach as compliance officers see the benefits of explainable and transparent machine learning models over their legacy, opaque and unwieldy rules-based systems.

Judge extends block on Trump birth control rules across US

BBC News

A US federal judge has blocked new Trump administration regulations on birth control from applying across the entire country. The rules allow employers and insurers to decline to provide birth control if doing so violates their "religious beliefs" or "moral convictions". The rules were to come into effect nationwide from Monday. But the judge in Philadelphia granted an injunction requested by attorneys general in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Judge Wendy Beetlestone ruled that the new rules would make it more difficult for many women to obtain free contraception and would be an undue burden on US states.

The Latest: Official Decries Blocking of Birth Control Rules

U.S. News

A federal health official says a nationwide injunction on new Trump administration rules that allowed more employers to opt out of providing women with no-cost birth control will force Americans to "violate" their consciences.

Second U.S. Judge Blocks Trump Administration Birth Control Rules

U.S. News

U.S. District Judge Wendy Beetlestone in Philadelphia issued a nationwide injunction preventing the rules from taking effect, a day after another judge issued a more limited ruling blocking their enforcement in 13 states and the District of Columbia.

Is your data ready for AI? Part 1


Artificial intelligence is a major driver of value for the enterprise. According to a recent AI study from IBM, 82 percent of organizations are now at least considering AI adoption, and the number of companies that are beyond the AI implementation stage is 33 percent higher than it was in 2016. What's more, by pairing AI with other exponential technologies such as automation, blockchain and the Internet of Things (IoT), companies are redefining their business architectures. The IBM "Cognitive Enterprise" report highlights how these technologies represent the next inflection point for the enterprise comparable in scale and scope to the introduction of the Internet and mobile technology. The cognitive enterprise is a framework for companies to define and pursue a bold vision to realize new sources of value and restructure their industries, missions, and business models.

U.S. Judge Partially Blocks Trump Administration Birth Control Rules

U.S. News

U.S. District Judge Haywood Gilliam in Oakland granted a request by 14 Democratic attorneys general for a preliminary injunction. The rules, which are set to go into effect Jan. 14, allow businesses or nonprofits to obtain exemptions to an Obamacare requirement for contraceptive coverage on moral or religious grounds.

Using Intelligent Technology in Sourcing to Get Ahead of Rising U.S. Tariffs


Since the first list went into effect on July 6, 2018, tariffs on goods imported to the U.S. from China have been a significant source of pain, particularly for those in the high-tech industry. As reported by SourceToday, the 818 categories of products listed are valued at $34 billion, with electronic components making up 58 of the categories, accounting for 15 percent of the value of targeted goods. A second list may soon be on the way and promises to hit electronic components even harder, with 27 percent of the value of goods, totaling $4.3 billion of the $16 billion, in this second wave of tariffs. Bracing for the impact of existing and future tariffs, some distributors are trying to clear the way by rolling tariffs into their prices, while others are depending on manufacturers to account for the cost after the buy. These policies continue to be in flux as the industry comes to terms with the issue, making it almost impossible to determine total expenditures.

Shaping the Future of A.I. AlphaGamma


One of the biggest news subjects in the past few years has been artificial intelligence. We have read about how Google's DeepMind beat the world's best player at Go, which is thought of as the most complex game humans have created; witnessed how IBM's Watson beat humans in a debate; and taken part in a wide-ranging discussion of how A.I. applications will replace most of today's human jobs in the years ahead. Way back in 1983, I identified A.I. as one of 20 exponential technologies that would increasingly drive economic growth for decades to come. Early rule-based A.I. applications were used by financial institutions for loan applications, but once the exponential growth of processing power reached an A.I. tipping point, and we all started using the Internet and social media, A.I. had enough power and data (the fuel of A.I.) to enable smartphones, chatbots, autonomous vehicles and far more. As I advise the leadership of many leading companies, governments and institutions around the world, I have found we all have different definitions of and understandings about A.I., machine learning and other related topics.

It's AI versus the hackers - Enterprise & Hybrid Cloud Services


Google now checks for security breaches even after a user has logged in. Last year, Microsoft Corp's Azure security team detected suspicious activity in the cloud computing usage of a large retailer: One of the company's administrators, who usually logs on from New York, was trying to gain entry from Romania. A hacker had broken in. Microsoft quickly alerted its customer, and the attack was foiled before the intruder got too far. Inc and various start-ups are moving away from solely using older "rules-based" technology designed to respond to specific kinds of intrusion and deploying machine-learning algorithms that crunch massive amounts of data on logins, behaviour and previous attacks to ferret out and stop hackers.

California Heads to Court to Fight Trump Birth Control Rules

U.S. News

Judge Haywood Gilliam previously blocked an interim version of those rules -- a decision that was upheld in December by an appeals court. But the case is before him again after the administration finalized the measures in November, prompting a renewed legal challenge by California and other states.