"A text classifier is an automated means of determining some metadata about a document. Text classifiers are used for such diverse needs as spam filtering, suggesting categories for indexing a document created in a content management system, or automatically sorting help desk requests."
– John Graham-Cumming, Naive Bayesian Text Classification. Dr. Dobb's. May 1 2005.
"All words in a natural language are ambiguous; they have multiple senses," she said in an oral history interview for the History Center of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. "How do you find out which sense they've got in any particular use?" In 1964, Sparck Jones published "Synonymy and Semantic Classification," which is now seen as a foundational paper in the field of natural language processing. In 1972, she introduced the concept of inverse document frequency, which counts the number of times a term is used in a document in order to determine the term's importance; it, too, is a foundation of modern search engines. Sparck Jones began working on early speech recognition systems in the 1980s.
Often times it happens that we fall short of creativity. And creativity is one of the basic ingredients of what we do. So here is the list of ideas I gather in day to day life, where people have used creativity to get great results on Kaggle leaderboards. This post is inspired by a Kernel on Kaggle written by Beluga, one of the top Kagglers, for a knowledge based competition. Some of the techniques/tricks I am sharing have been taken directly from that kernel so you could take a look yourself.
Classification problems having multiple classes with imbalanced dataset present a different challenge than a binary classification problem. The skewed distribution makes many conventional machine learning algorithms less effective, especially in predicting minority class examples. In order to do so, let us first understand the problem at hand and then discuss the ways to overcome those. The data set we will be using for this example is the famous "20 News groups" data set. The 20 Newsgroups data set is a collection of approximately 20,000 newsgroup documents, partitioned (nearly) evenly across 20 different newsgroups.
How to achieve classfication in tensorflow? Classification is the process of determining/predicting the class of given data points by using the existing points labeling. It comes under the category of supervised learning in which the model learns from the given data points and then uses this learning to classify new observations, this data can be bi-class(spam or not spam) or multi-class(Grade A, Grade B, Grade C or Grade D). A classification problem is when the output variable is a category, such as "green" or "red" and "spam" or "not spam". There are various applications in classification in many domains such as in Medical diagnosis, Grading system, Scores predication, etc.
We assess whether using six smoothing algorithms (moving average, exponential smoothing, Gaussian filter, Savitzky-Golay filter, Fourier approximation and a recursive median sieve) could be automatically applied to time series classification problems as a preprocessing step to improve the performance of three benchmark classifiers (1-Nearest Neighbour with Euclidean and Dynamic Time Warping distances, and Rotation Forest). We found no significant improvement over unsmoothed data even when we set the smoothing parameter through cross validation. We are not claiming smoothing has no worth. It has an important role in exploratory analysis and helps with specific classification problems where domain knowledge can be exploited. What we observe is that the automatic application does not help and that we cannot explain the improvement of other time series classification algorithms over the baseline classifiers simply as a function of the absence of smoothing.
Text classification is a challenging problem which aims to identify the category of texts. Recently, Capsule Networks (CapsNets) are proposed for image classification. It has been shown that CapsNets have several advantages over Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), while, their validity in the domain of text has less been explored. An effective method named deep compositional code learning has been proposed lately. This method can save many parameters about word embeddings without any significant sacrifices in performance. In this paper, we introduce the Compositional Coding (CC) mechanism between capsules, and we propose a new routing algorithm, which is based on k-means clustering theory. Experiments conducted on eight challenging text classification datasets show the proposed method achieves competitive accuracy compared to the state-of-the-art approach with significantly fewer parameters.
We define a new method to estimate centroid for text classification based on the symmetric KL-divergence between the distribution of words in training documents and their class centroids. Experiments on several standard data sets indicate that the new method achieves substantial improvements over the traditional classifiers.
This paper introduces PyDCI, a new implementation of Distributional Correspondence Indexing (DCI) written in Python. DCI is a transfer learning method for cross-domain and cross-lingual text classification for which we had provided an implementation (here called JaDCI) built on top of JaTeCS, a Java framework for text classification. PyDCI is a stand-alone version of DCI that exploits scikit-learn and the SciPy stack. We here report on new experiments that we have carried out in order to test PyDCI, and in which we use as baselines new high-performing methods that have appeared after DCI was originally proposed. These experiments show that, thanks to a few subtle ways in which we have improved DCI, PyDCI outperforms both JaDCI and the above-mentioned high-performing methods, and delivers the best known results on the two popular benchmarks on which we had tested DCI, i.e., MultiDomainSentiment (a.k.a. MDS -- for cross-domain adaptation) and Webis-CLS-10 (for cross-lingual adaptation). PyDCI, together with the code allowing to replicate our experiments, is available at https://github.com/AlexMoreo/pydci .
Machine Learning has become very famous currently which assist in identifying the patterns from the raw data. Technological advancement has led to substantial improvement in Machine Learning which, thus helping to improve prediction. Current Machine Learning models are based on Classical Theory, which can be replaced by Quantum Theory to improve the effectiveness of the model. In the previous work, we developed binary classifier inspired by Quantum Detection Theory. In this extended abstract, our main goal is to develop multi-class classifier. We generally use the terminology multinomial classification or multi-class classification when we have a classification problem for classifying observations or instances into one of three or more classes.
In this tutorial, we are going to use the K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) algorithm to solve a classification problem. Firstly, what exactly do we mean by classification? Classification across a variable means that results are categorised into a particular group. The KNN algorithm is one the most basic, yet most commonly used algorithms for solving classification problems. KNN works by seeking to minimize the distance between the test and training observations, so as to achieve a high classification accuracy.