Understanding Language in Conversations "The problems addressed in discourse research aim to answer two general kinds of questions: (1) what information is contained in extended sequences of utterances that goes beyond the meaning of the individual utterances themselves? (2) how does the context in which an utterance is used affect the meaning of the individual utterances, or parts of them?"
– Barbara Grosz. Overview of Chapter 6: Discourse and Dialogue, Survey of the State of the Art in Human Language Technology (1996).
So, Naive Bayes gives very bad result. It can just predict 11% of bad comments. SGDClassifier predicted 47% of bad comments correctly which is a considerable improvement over the Naive Bayes. Logistic Regression though has regression in its surname but its a classifier and it shows good improvement over SGDClassifier. SVC comes out as winner with 66 % correct prediction for sentiment analysis.
This is the 6th part of my ongoing Twitter sentiment analysis project. You can find the previous posts from the below links. Before we jump into doc2vec, it will be better to mention word2vec first. "Word2vec is a group of related models that are used to produce word embeddings. These models are shallow, two-layer neural networks that are trained to reconstruct linguistic contexts of words."
In this project, I will demonstate how to perform sentiment analysis on tweets using various C# libraries. All of the code below will be placed in the Program class. Thanks to the Tweetinvi library, the authentication with the Twitter API is a breeze. Assuming that an application has been registered at http://apps.twitter.com, This type of global authentication makes it easy to perform authenticated calls throughout the entire application.
Sentiment analysis is contextual mining of text which identifies and extracts subjective information in source material, and helping a business to understand the social sentiment of the brand, product or service while monitoring online conversations. However, analysis of social media streams is usually restricted to just basic sentiment analysis and count based metrics. This is akin to just scratching the surface and missing out on those high value insights that are waiting to be discovered. So what should a brand do to capture that low hanging fruit? With the recent advances in deep learning, the ability of algorithms to analyse text has improved considerably.
Somewhere, someone is tweeting "[This airline] sucks the big one!" In the past, they would have been ignored. These days many airlines respond with sympathy ("We're so sorry you're having a rough trip -- please DM us, so we can resolve it") or send an invitation to call an 800-number (where you can wait on hold forever). A tool called sentiment analysis, or the mathematical categorization of statements' negative or positive connotations, gives companies powerful ways to analyze aggregate language data across all sorts of communications, not only tweets. There's real value in measuring sentiment inside and outside your company.
The belief that humans will be able to interact with computers in conversational speech has long been a favorite subject in science fiction, reflecting the persistent belief that spoken dialogue would be the most natural and powerful user interface to computers. With recent improvements in computer technology and in speech and language processing, such systems are starting to appear feasible. There are significant technical problems that still need to be solved before speech-driven interfaces become truly conversational. This article describes the results of a 10-year effort building robust spoken dialogue systems at the University of Rochester. For example, consider building a telephony system that answers queries about your mortgage.
This special issue of AI Magazine on dialogue with robots brings together a collection of articles on situated dialogue. The contributing authors have been working in interrelated fields of human-robot interaction, dialogue systems, virtual agents, and other related areas and address core concepts in spoken dialogue with embodied robots or agents. Several of the contributors participated in the AAAI Fall Symposium on Dialog with Robots, held in November 2010, and several articles in this issue are extensions of work presented there. The articles in this collection address diverse aspects of dialogue with robots, but are unified in addressing opportunities with spoken language interaction, physical embodiment, and enriched representations of context. Research on computational models and mechanisms for supporting spoken dialogue dates back to the earliest days of AI research, including Alan Turing's reflection about how machine intelligence could be evaluated.
The Dialogue on Dialogues workshop was organized as a satellite event at the Interspeech 2006 conference in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and it was held on September 17, 2006, immediately before the main conference. It was planned and coordinated by Michael McTear (University of Ulster, UK), Kristiina Jokinen (University of Helsinki, Finland), and James A. Larson (Portland State University, USA). The one-day workshop involved more than 40 participants from Europe, the United States, Australia, and Japan. One of the motivations for furthering the systems' interaction capabilities is to improve the AI Magazine Volume 28 Number 2 (2007) ( AAAI) However, relatively little work has so far been devoted to defining the criteria according to which we could evaluate such systems in terms of increased naturalness and usability. It is often felt that statistical speech-based research is not fully appreciated in the dialogue community, while dialogue modeling in the speech community seems too simple in terms of the advanced architectures and functionalities under investigation in the dialogue community.
Many common mistakes can be avoided when testing sentiment data for predictive properties. The term "prediction" is not a legal definition. In assessing the predictive qualities of sentiment data there are no rules for what counts as a signal to be tested for predictive properties with regard to financial assets. However, the method you chose ultimately defines what you mean with the term "prediction". To illustrate the point: Using a more prudent definition of the term, the accuracy in the world's most famous prediction study could have been as low as 47% (7 out of 15) instead of 87% (13 out of 15%).
We use and compare various different methods for sentiment analysis on tweets (a binary classification problem). The training dataset is expected to be a csv file of type tweet_id,sentiment,tweet where the tweet_id is a unique integer identifying the tweet, sentiment is either 1 (positive) or 0 (negative), and tweet is the tweet enclosed in "". Similarly, the test dataset is a csv file of type tweet_id,tweet. Please note that csv headers are not expected and should be removed from the training and test datasets. There are some general library requirements for the project and some which are specific to individual methods.