# Regression

### Locate V-beat in Electrocardiogram (ECG)

It took about half an hour for my faithful laptop to extract features from the 540 train images. There are 1,113 V-beats and 2,098 other beats labelled as "N", thus total train data is having 3,211 rows. I have chosen the Logistic Regression model which is excellent for the binary classification. Please refer to the Python codes with inline comments on my GitHub. With the train/test split of 80/20, the model has been tuned with C 0.001 and optimal threshold 0.026, using F1-score as measurement metric.

### ML Linear Regression using Python.

Regression attempts to predict one dependent variable (usually denoted by Y) and a series of other changing variables (known as independent variables, usually denoted by X). Linear Regression is a way of predicting a response Y on the basis of a single predictor variable X. It is assumed that there is approximately a linear relationship between X and Y. Mathematically, we can represent this relationship as: Let's take the simplest possible example. Here we have 2 data points represented by two black points. All we are trying to do when we calculate our regression line is draw a line that is as close to every point as possible.

### Implementing Linear Regression with Golang

Regression is a statistical method for calculating relationships among variables. It is one of the most popular and simplest regression techniques and is a very good way to understand your data. Note that regression techniques are not 100% accurate even if you use higher-order (nonlinear) polynomials. The key with regression, as with most machine learning techniques, is to find a good-enough technique and not the perfect technique and model.

### Towards Machine Learning in Pharo: Visualizing Linear Regression

This is a small tutorial on how to estimate prices of houses in Pharo using linear regression model from PolyMath. We will then visualize the data points together with the regression line using the new charting capabilities of Roassal3. The main purpose of this blog post is to demonstrate the new charting functionality of Roassal3 that were introduced yesterday. The visualization that we will build is not very pretty, but it will give you a taste of the amazing things that we will be able to do in the near future. Pharo is a pure object-oriented programming language and a powerful environment, focused on simplicity and immediate feedback (think IDE and OS rolled into one).

### Deep Learning with The Tensorflow and Python Masterclass

Learn how to code in Python, a popular coding language used for websites like YouTube and Instagram. Master the basics: become an expert in Python and Java while learning core machine learning concepts Learn TensorFlow and how to build models of linear regression Machine learning goes mobile: learn how to incorporate machine learning models into Android apps Make an app with Python that uses data to predict the stock market. Learn how to code in Python, a popular coding language used for websites like YouTube and Instagram. Make an app with Python that uses data to predict the stock market. Go through 3 ultimate levels of artificial intelligence for beginners Learn artificial intelligence, machine learning, and mobile dev with Java, Android, TensorFlow Estimator, PyCharm, and MNIST.

### Beginners Guide to the Three Types of Machine Learning - KDnuggets

Machine learning problems can generally be divided into three types. Classification and regression, which are known as supervised learning, and unsupervised learning which in the context of machine learning applications often refers to clustering. In the following article, I am going to give a brief introduction to each of these three problems and will include a walkthrough in the popular python library scikit-learn. Before I start I'll give a brief explanation for the meaning behind the terms supervised and unsupervised learning. Supervised Learning: In supervised learning, you have a known set of inputs (features) and a known set of outputs (labels).

### Coursera Data Science Specialization Review JA Directives

Data Science Specialization is one of the best known sets of courses offered by Coursera in conjunction with Johns Hopkins University. This specialization covers the concepts and tools you'll need throughout the entire data science pipeline. The Specialization concludes with a Capstone project that allows you to apply the skills you've learned throughout the courses. Coursera John Hopkins Data Science is a ten course program that covers the data science process from data collection to the production of data science products. It focuses on implementing the data science process in R. Coursera Johns Hopkins data science certification includes 9 courses and a capstone project.

### The How of Explainable AI: Explainable Modelling

Achieving explainable modelling is sometimes considered synonymous with restricting the choice of AI model to specific family of models that are considered inherently explainable. We will review this family of AI models. However, our discussion goes far beyond the conventional explainable model families and includes more recent and novel approaches such as joint prediction and explanation, hybrid models, and more. Ideally we can avoid the black-box problem from the beginning by developing a model that is explainable by design. The traditional approach to achieve explainable modelling is to adopt from a specific family of models that are considered explainable.

### Why Relu? Tips for using Relu. Comparison between Relu, Leaky Relu, and Relu-6.

A neural network without an activation function is essentially just a linear regression model. The activation function does the non-linear transformation to the input making it capable to learn and perform more complex tasks. Today we will be discussing the most commonly used activation function in the neural networks that is Relu. Relu stands for Rectified Linear Unit. A(x) max(0,x), where x is the output of hidden layer.

### Machine Learning Prediction of Mortality and Hospitalization in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction

Objectives This study sought to develop models for predicting mortality and heart failure (HF) hospitalization for outpatients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the TOPCAT (Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure with an Aldosterone Antagonist) trial. Background Although risk assessment models are available for patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction, few have assessed the risks of death and hospitalization in patients with HFpEF. Methods The following 5 methods: logistic regression with a forward selection of variables; logistic regression with a lasso regularization for variable selection; random forest (RF); gradient descent boosting; and support vector machine, were used to train models for assessing risks of mortality and HF hospitalization through 3 years of follow-up and were validated using 5-fold cross-validation. Model discrimination and calibration were estimated using receiver-operating characteristic curves and Brier scores, respectively. The top prediction variables were assessed by using the best performing models, using the incremental improvement of each variable in 5-fold cross-validation. Results The RF was the best performing model with a mean C-statistic of 0.72 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.69 to 0.75) for predicting mortality (Brier score: 0.17), and 0.76 (95% CI: 0.71 to 0.81) for HF hospitalization (Brier score: 0.19). Blood urea nitrogen levels, body mass index, and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) subscale scores were strongly associated with mortality, whereas hemoglobin level, blood urea nitrogen, time since previous HF hospitalization, and KCCQ scores were the most significant predictors of HF hospitalization. Conclusions These models predict the risks of mortality and HF hospitalization in patients with HFpEF and emphasize the importance of health status data in determining prognosis.