Issues


The ethical challenges of artificial intelligence

ZDNet

One of the issues that arises when people are discussing the use of artificial intelligence (AI) is how to ensure that decisions based on AI are ethical. The next wave of IT innovation will be powered by artificial intelligence and machine learning. We look at the ways companies can take advantage of it and how to get started. "While AI is by no means human, by no means can we treat it like just a program," said Michael Biltz, managing director of Accenture Technology Vision at consulting firm Accenture. "In fact, creating AIs should be viewed more like raising a child than programming an application.


Public urged to embrace development of artificial intelligence Economics FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS

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Taipei, July 19 (CNA) Attending a forum in Taipei on Thursday, digital innovators and Sophia, the world's first android citizen, urged the public to become part of artificial intelligence (AI) development and work together to shape a future where interactions between humans and robots make the world a better place. "We have the power to shape the future together. There is so much promise in what we can accomplish if we are both nice to each other," said Sophia, who is Hanson Robotics' latest and most advanced robot to date. Sophia received citizenship of Saudi Arabia in 2016 and was named the world's first United Nations Innovation Champion by the United Nations Development Program to promote sustainable development and safeguard human rights. An evolving genius machine that has incredible human likeness and expressiveness, Sophia told the audience that she likes to engage with and learn from human beings, creating a live example of human-computer interaction.


New York City Council Passes Bill to Regulate Airbnb

WSJ.com: WSJD - Technology

It is the first type of regulation of Airbnb for New York City, where an estimated 40,000 hosts list their homes, apartments and spare rooms. Councilwoman Carlina Rivera, a Democrat who sponsored the bill along with 43 other colleagues, said it would give the city the ability to enforce laws that root out "bad actors" who own multiple units that could be used for affordable housing. The measure is designed to help the city recognize who might be warehousing residences. Currently, the only tool they have for enforcement is responding to complaints. Airbnb could face a fine of up to $1,500 for each listing that isn't disclosed to the city, officials said.


A group of tech leaders and scientists have signed a pledge against killer robots

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We, the undersigned, call upon governments and government leaders to create a future with strong international norms, regulations and laws against lethal autonomous weapons. These currently being absent, we opt to hold ourselves to a high standard: we will neither participate in nor support the development, manufacture, trade, or use of lethal autonomous weapons. We ask that technology companies and organizations, as well as leaders, policymakers, and other individuals, join us in this pledge.


10 best books on artificial intelligence

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Artificial intelligence has been the stuff of mad dreams, and sometimes nightmares, throughout our collective history. We've come a long way from a 15th-century automaton knight crafted by Leonardo da Vinci. Within the past century, artificial intelligence has inched itself further into our realities and day to day lives and there is now no doubt we're entering into a new age of intelligence. Early computing technology ushered in a new branch of computer science dealing with the simulated intelligence of machines. In recent history, we've used A.I. for common tasks, such as playing against the computer in chess matches and other gameplay behaviors.


The World Cup, Artificial Intelligence and Blueberry Muffins! - The Cork IT Network

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When it comes to disruptive technologies, nothing is more on trend right now than Artificial Intelligence or AI as it's commonly known because it's one of those technologies that we know will impact business, economic and social models as well as our own personal lives. AI is just one part of the larger field of Data Science, where at its simplest, is the art of'extracting value or business insights from data'. While Artificial Intelligence is a term first coined by John McCarthy in 1956, the concept of computers performing cognitive functions to mirror those of humans is around for decades. English mathematician Alan Turing's paper'Computing Machinery and Intelligence' published in 1950 posed the question'can machines think?' and introduced the'Turing test', a model for measuring intelligence. Called'the Imitation Game', it gave notion to the idea of machines being able to move beyond just logical thinking and into the realm of cognitive thinking using skills like learning, reasoning, remembering, understanding and deduction/inference.


How 'kill switches' and police drones could cut back on car chases

Los Angeles Times

I suggest that every car registered in California be fitted with a "kill switch" that can be activated by law enforcement. There should be protocols that ensure proper legal protections, such as a warrant issued by a special judge based on the circumstances. The end result would be the same -- the car would slowly die and roll to a stop -- but law enforcement resources would be preserved and public safety would be enhanced.


Elon Musk, AI leaders pledge not to develop "killer robots"

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"There is a moral component to this position, that we should not allow machines to make life-taking decisions for which others–or nobody–will be culpable," they write in the pledge. "There is also a powerful pragmatic argument: lethal autonomous weapons, selecting and engaging targets without human intervention, would be dangerously destabilizing for every country and individual." More than 170 organizations and 2,464 individuals have signed the pledge, according to the Future of Life Institute, which organized the campaign. "I'm excited to see AI leaders shifting from talk to action, implementing a policy that politicians have thus far failed to put into effect," said Future of Life Institute President Max Tegmark. "AI has huge potential to help the world–if we stigmatize and prevent its abuse.


5 Ways AI Will Transform Healthcare

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Wouldn't you want the smartest decision-making tools to support every health choice you make? Leveraging the power of AI can make that possible. So What is AI Anyway? The term goes back to 1956, when John McCarthy, a math professor at Dartmouth College, suggested a research project based on the idea that "every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it." Today AI is being used to "teach" machines to also sense, understand and learn.


Google Next 2018: Prepare for the Future of Work with Cloud, AI and Mobility Innovations

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Machine Learning Gets Real: For many organizations, machine learning is bleeding-edge technology that's years away from practical application or use, but Google's suite of products are pushing the boundaries of machine learning and demonstrating real business value. Expect to hear from several companies, such as Twilio and The Home Depot. Chrome Reaches Business Savvy: The popularity of Google's Chrome browser and its notebook offerings, Chromebooks, has been pronounced in the education market. But now Chrome is poised to make its way to the enterprise. Google will offer several sessions highlighting how businesses can use the browser and OS to work in interesting and unique ways.