In Go, no successful evaluation function for non-terminal positions has ever been found. Therefore, it is not a problem that will be solved with faster search. It pushes the boundaries of what is possible with new algorithms such as Monte Carlo methods. Work on computer Go started in the 1960's, but it was not until 2016 that the AlphaGo program was able to best the second-highest ranking professional Go player.
Robots powered by artificial intelligence could farm more sustainably than traditional agriculture, claims one Silicon Valley company. Agricultural technology start-up Iron Ox says that its mission is to make the global agriculture sector carbon negative. And they have just secured €47 million ($53 million) from investors including Bill Gates. CEO Brandon Alexander can't be accused of lacking experience when it comes to food production. He spent every summer of his childhood on his grandparent's farm, picking cotton, potatoes, or peanuts under the Texas sun.
The European Commission will soon present its European Chips Act, a plan to reduce supply chain dependencies on chip manufacturers outside the bloc. The plan was detailed by EC president Ursula von der Leyen at the 2021 State of the Union address. It's become standard for mid-range and flagship phones across all major US wireless carriers and most new phones incorporate 5G technology. "The aim is to jointly create a state-of-the-art European chip ecosystem, including production," she said. "That ensures our security of supply and will develop new markets for ground-breaking European tech."
As soon as Tom Smith got his hands on Codex -- a new artificial intelligence technology that writes its own computer programs -- he gave it a job interview. He asked if it could tackle the "coding challenges" that programmers often face when interviewing for big-money jobs at Silicon Valley companies like Google and Facebook. Could it write a program that replaces all the spaces in a sentence with dashes? Even better, could it write one that identifies invalid ZIP codes? It did both instantly, before completing several other tasks.
The ancient game of Go is probably the most complex game ever devised by man. Invented in China, more than 3,000 years ago, it is believed to be the oldest board game continuously played to the present day. It has 10¹⁷⁰ possible board configurations, which is more than the number of atoms in the universe. For those familiar with Chess, Go itself is more straightforward, yet more complicated. Simpler because all of the pieces are the same, just black and white, and in Go, the pieces do not move around the board.
This is an inane hodgepodge of sci-fi, political thriller and perhaps some kind of ill-considered satire – of reality TV, venal politicians? It's hard to divine the target when the attack is so scattershot. It is supposed to take place in the US in 2040 where everyone is obsessed with watching a daily TV show about a buxom android housewife with an English accent named Ria (Jess Impiazzi); she spends every day nearly the same way with her husband Jack, from waking up and breakfasting to winding down with an evening soap opera and then sex if Jack so wishes. In other words, it's The Truman Show meets The Stepford Wives, except there's just the one wife – and the twist is that "Jack" is played by a different person in each episode. The first we meet is Luke Goss, who seems to be merely passing though before being replaced the next night while a recharged Ria gets rebooted with Jack number 2 (Amar Adatia), a coarser, crueller mate for a day, who is in turn replaced by many more Jacks – some of them women.
Games have long been a fertile testing ground for the artificial intelligence community, and not just because of their accessibility to the popular imagination. Games also enable researchers to simulate different models of human intelligence, and to quantify performance. No surprise, then, that the 2016 victory of DeepMind's AlphaGo algorithm--developed by 2019 ACM Computing Prize recipient David Silver, who leads the company's Reinforcement Learning Research Group--over world Go champion Lee Sedol generated excitement both within and outside of the computing community. As it turned out, that victory was only the beginning; subsequent iterations of the algorithm have been able to learn without any human data or prior knowledge except the rules of the game and, eventually, without even knowing the rules. Here, Silver talks about how the work evolved and what it means for the future of general-purpose AI.
The AI world changed March 15 2016 when DeepMind's AlphaGo reinforcement machine learning model beat Lee Sedol, a world champion at Go, demonstrating that computers have officially surpassed humans in gaming situations when looking to make the best decision/move based on an infinite number of possibilities.
They have the sort of names that only teenage boys or aspiring Bond villains would dream up (REvil, Grief, Wizard Spider, Ragnar), they base themselves in countries that do not cooperate with international law enforcement and they don't care whether they attack a hospital or a multinational corporation. Ransomware gangs are suddenly everywhere, seemingly unstoppable – and very successful. In June, meat producer JBS, which supplies over a fifth of all the beef in the US, paid a £7.8m ransom to regain access to its computer systems. The same month, the US's largest national fuel pipeline, Colonial Pipeline, paid £3.1m to ransomware hackers after they locked the company's systems, causing days of fuel shortages and paralysing the east coast. "It was the hardest decision I've made in my 39 years in the energy industry," said a deflated-looking Colonial CEO Joseph Blount in an evidence session before Congress. In July, hackers attacked software firm Kaseya, demanding £50m.