Card game bridge 'should be exempt from VAT'

BBC News

The card game bridge is a sport and should be exempt from VAT, according to an opinion by the top adviser to the European Court of Justice. In an ongoing case brought by the English Bridge Union, advocate-general Yves Bot said it was a sport because it required mental effort as part of a challenge. HM Revenue and Customs had refused to reimburse the English Bridge Union for VAT payments on entry fees to tournaments. EU law requires proof of benefits to physical or mental well-being for a sport to claim VAT exemption.

World Champion Bridge Program

AITopics Original Links

Bridge Baron is a computer program that plays bridge. It won the 1997 world championship of computer bridge, the Baron Barclay World Bridge Computer Challenge, as reported in The New York Times and The Washington Post. The five-day competition, which was hosted by the American Contract Bridge League in July 1997, included five computer programs, from the US, Japan, and Germany. The Bridge Baron won every head-to-head match that it played against the other programs.

The million pound bridge program


In Levy, D. and Beal, D. (Eds.), Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence. Ellis Horwood.