What is It? How Can a Machine Exhibit It? "It's about thinking. The main theory is that emotions are nothing special. Each emotional state is a different style of thinking. So it's not a general theory of emotions, because the main idea is that each of the major emotions is quite different. They have different management organizations for how you are thinking you will proceed."
"Because the main point of the book [The Emotion Machine] is that it's trying to make theories of how thinking works. Our traditional idea is that there is something called 'thinking' and that it is contaminated, modulated or affected by emotions. What I am saying is that emotions aren't separate."
– Marvin Minsky. The Emotion Machine, book and draft, 2006.
What did you think of the last commercial you watched? Would you buy the product? You might not remember or know for certain how you felt, but increasingly, machines do. New artificial intelligence technologies are learning and recognizing human emotions, and using that knowledge to improve everything from marketing campaigns to health care. These technologies are referred to as "emotion AI." Emotion AI is a subset of artificial intelligence (the broad term for machines replicating the way humans think) that measures, understands, simulates, and reacts to human emotions.
For more on new technology that can read human emotions, check out the third episode of Should This Exist? the podcast that debates how emerging technologies will impact humanity. If we were sitting across a table from each other at a cafe and I asked about your day, you might answer with a polite response, like, "Fine." But if you were lying, I'd know from your expression, tone, twitches, and tics. We read subtext--unspoken clues--to get at the truth, to cut through what people say to understand what they mean. And now, with so many of our exchanges taking place in text online, much of our messaging, traditionally delivered via subtext, tells us less than ever before.
Emotional intelligence is a crucial aspect of interpersonal interaction and the ability to detect the many subtle variations of human emotion is something of which the vast majority of AI currently isn't capable. But this could change with the advent of emotion AI – a new development in artificial intelligence that companies hope will allow personal assistants and robots to have more human-like interactions. Business insight firm Gartner predicts that by 2022, 10% of personal devices will have emotion AI capabilities, either on-device or via cloud services, up from less than 1% in 2018. The company's analyst Annette Zimmermann, speaking at the Gartner Analytics and Data Summit in London today (6 March), said: "Emotion AI will be an integral part of machine learning in the next few years – the reason being that we want to interact with machines that we like. "In the future, we will be interacting with smart machines much more than we do today so we need to train these machines with ...
But the biggest difference in the age of AI is how analytics tools will see beyond what is visible to the naked eye. Take the EQ-Radio, for instance. In 2016, MIT researchers broke new ground in the field of emotionally intelligent machines. They unveiled a device that purportedly measures a person's heartrate and breathing to determine their emotional state – all without physical contact. The EQ-Radio bounces signals off a person's body and decodes their vital signs through algorithms.
We are reaching peak fried chicken sandwich in Los Angeles. So prolific is fried chicken between slices of bread that it may one day surpass pastrami as the quintessential L.A. sandwich. But when done well -- chicken crisp, bread excellent, pickles in abundance -- there's always room for a newcomer. "It's a sandwich that rules them all," Hymanson said. There's a lot of chicken sandwiches in the neighborhood, and we thought it would be nice to be part of the club."
Sentiment Analysis is already widely used by different companies to gauge consumer mood towards their product or brand in the digital world. However, in the offline world, users are also interacting with the brands and products in retail stores, showrooms, etc., and solutions to measure users' reactions automatically under such settings has remained a challenging task. Emotion detection from facial expressions using AI can be a viable alternative to automatically measure consumers' engagement with their content and brands. In this post, we will discuss how such a technology can be used to solve a variety of real-world use-cases effectively. Car manufacturers around the world are increasingly focusing on making cars more personal and safe for us to drive.
You've heard that computers don't understand human emotions well, so people should focus less on basic skills and more on social and emotional learning. Artificial intelligence (AI) is actually already brilliant at understanding and engaging (even manipulating) people's emotions and social interactions in powerful ways. Facebook is a giant social and emotional learning engine. Facebook has many of your emotional memories (your photos and videos), it knows who you care about socially (your friends that you interact with), and it knows what you prefer (by what you "like"). It brings these three things together at an incredible scale to decide what goes into your feeds to engage you both socially and emotionally.
Experts believe that Artificial intelligence will in the near-future take the place of humans in the workplace. Because machines are more efficient, less distracted, obey instructions, and always stay focused on the task until completed! In facts, Robotics Tomorrow predicts that there is an excellent chance that Artificial Intelligence will outperform humans in most mental tasks. However, they are looking for something more from people they are recruiting. Employers pay attention to researchers in order to get the most efficient skills necessary.
Weather wars, authoritarian surveillance, social control, and more are "Future Shocks" that could fundamentally destabilize the world as we know it, according to the WEF. The World Economic Forum (WEF) is currently underway in Davos, Switzerland, but a week before the event, the WEF Global Risks Report 2019 was published identifying weather manipulation tools, social control through biometric surveillance, AI "woebots" that can feed on human emotions, and more as "Future Shocks" that could forever alter the course of human history. "Authoritarianism is easier in a world of total visibility and traceability" The WEF report for 2019 lists 10 "Future Shocks," which are not predictions, but rather "food for thought and action" about current technologies and trends that have the potential to shake up society, for good or ill, in the very near future. Since we at The Sociable like to focus on the technological side of things, especially as how it relates to social impact, let's take a closer look at the Future Shocks that pertain more to technology. "Weather manipulation tools-- such as cloud seeding to induce or suppress rain--are not new" Make no mistake, weather manipulation tools do exist, yet not a single government or group has claimed responsibility for using this technology as a weapon.
The final step for many artificial intelligence (AI) researchers is the development of a system that can identify human emotion from voice and facial expressions. While some facial scanning technology is available, there is still a long way to go in terms of properly identifying emotional states due to the complexity of nuances in speech as well as facial muscle movement. The University of Science and Technology researchers in Hefei, China, believe that they have made a breakthrough. Their paper, "Deep Fusion: An Attention Guided Factorized Bilinear Pooling for Audio-video Emotion Recognition," expresses how an AI system may be able to recognize human emotion through state-of-the-art accuracy on a popular benchmark. In their published paper, the researchers say, "Automatic emotion recognition (AER) is a challenging task due to the abstract concept and multiple expressions of emotion. Inspired by this cognitive process in human beings, it's natural to simultaneously utilize audio and visual information in AER … The whole pipeline can be completed in a neural network."