The study intended to understand spatial distribution patterns of odour complaints as well as to investigate socioeconomic* characteristics of the company's operational area. Wastewater treatment works and their impact on environment, particularly on air quality, have been reported since air pollution started to become a serious threat in populated areas such as urban agglomerations. Odour nuisance from wastewater treatment installations can also be linked to concerns on air quality especially since studies on odour effects on human health started to show its impacts on local communities. Symptoms associated to air pollution such as headache, nausea, hoarseness, cough, congestions, shortness of breath, eye, nose, throat irritation have been widely reported by local authorities showing the importance of control and reduction of air pollution.
Smart Wind and Solar Power Big data and artificial intelligence are producing ultra-accurate forecasts that will make it feasible to integrate much more renewable energy into the power grid. Researchers around the world are collecting wind speed and output data from wind turbines. Artificial-intelligence-based software are then fed the output, along with data from weather satellites, weather stations, and other wind farms. The result: wind power forecasts of unprecedented accuracy are making it possible to use far more renewable energy, at lower cost, than utilities ever thought possible. While solar power generation lags wind power production, researchers are furiously working around the world to better harness the sun's abundant power.
Satellites do an incredible job of mapping algal blooms, the green mats that spread over lakes and oceans during warm, nutrient-rich summers. But the hypnotic, swirling images from space can't tell if toxins are lurking in a carpet of cyanobacteria, threatening the safety of water. Ecologists and hydrologists can test water's drinkability by boating through the blooms--though collecting samples off the side of a power boat is tricky and inconvenient. So this year, scientists are monitoring Lake Erie with a robot, 18 feet below the water's surface. The so-called Environmental Sample Processor, ESPniagara, sits on the floor of Lake Erie's western basin.
Sean Ruddy and his team of operator-soldiers from the US Cyber Brigade entered a Locked Shields, a NATO-organized cyber-defense war game that pits teams from dozens of countries against "live-fire" attacks. It was their first time. And of the 19 countries represented, the US finished dead last. This week, they got their shot at redemption. Locked Shields challenges participating countries to show off their defensive prowess, rather than offensive firepower.
Artificial Intelligence startup Pluto AI has raised $2.1 million in VC funding in order to inject intelligence into the traditionally mundane world of wastewater treatment. Modern plants are flush with sensors and automated controls, but they typically operate independently and often require user intervention. Pluto AI aims to take these treatment plants to the next level by gulping up all the data produced by the array of sensors and controls equipment already in place, then provide intelligent insights to save time, money and water. "Pluto is an analytics platform for smart water management. We enable water facilities like treatment plants or beverage processing plants to prevent water wastage, predict asset health, and minimize operating costs.
Some giant viruses encode a genome larger than that of some bacteria, but their evolutionary history is a mystery. Examining the genomes within a sample from a wastewater treatment plant in Austria, Schulz et al. assembled a previously undiscovered giant virus genome, which they used to mine genetic databases for related viruses. The authors thus identified a group of giant viruses with more genes encoding components of the protein translation machinery, including aminoacyl transfer RNA synthetases, than in other giant viruses. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that the genes were acquired in an evolutionarily recent time frame, likely from, and as an adaptation to, their hosts.
Former 500 Startups accelerator company Pluto AI is announcing $2.1 million in fundraising today from Fall Line Capital, Refactor Capital, Unshackled Ventures, Comet Labs and additional angels. Pluto is taking advantage of the sensorification of modern water treatment plants to extrapolate insights that can save operators precious time, money and water. The Pluto analytics platform presents managers with a dashboard that quantifies the status of all assets at a given water treatment plant. These ratings, ranging from 0 to 100, take into account temperature and pressure readings in addition to other data from pumps and chlorinators to identify cause and effect relationships. Machine learning is the backbone behind Pluto's ability to ingest large quantities of unstructured data, but the end user isn't forced to get into the weeds of individual models to gain a better understanding of how plant assets are working in consonance.
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) perform wastewater treatment and electricity production through the conversion of organic matter using microorganisms. For practical applications, it has been suggested that greater efficiency can be achieved by arranging multiple MFC units into physical stacks in a cascade with feedstock flowing sequentially between units. In this paper, we investigate the use of computational intelligence to physically explore and optimise (potentially) heterogeneous MFC designs in a cascade, i.e. without simulation. Conductive structures are 3-D printed and inserted into the anodic chamber of each MFC unit, augmenting a carbon fibre veil anode and affecting the hydrodynamics, including the feedstock volume and hydraulic retention time, as well as providing unique habitats for microbial colonisation. We show that it is possible to use design mining to identify new conductive inserts that increase both the cascade power output and power density.
For centuries, mankind had fantasised about the end of the world - when it would come and what form it would take. The Hindus and Buddhists took a decidedly sanguine, long-term view, assuming that the endless cycles of creation and reincarnation would persist for millennia, even aeons. Christians, however, had traditionally been more alarmist. Built into their religion was the concept of "end of days", a Biblical Armageddon which would see Satan's last stand on Earth defeated by the return of Christ in a blaze of glory. While the "elect" would enjoy eternity in the New Jerusalem, everyone else would go to the Other Place to spend the rest of time in torment.