But according to Elon Musk, the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) poses a much greater threat to humanity than Kim Jong-un's belligerent regime in Pyongyang. The Tesla and SpaceX chief executive has long warned of the dangers of AI and issued his latest opinion after a bot from OpenAI defeated some of the world's best players in in a professional gaming competition. Musk has previously urged governors to legislate for safe uses of AI, stating that robots could replace humans in any kind of job and could be incentivized to harm humans. Musk shot back that Zuckerberg's understanding of the subject was "limited."
Sitting inside OpenAI's San Francisco offices on a recent afternoon, the researcher Dario Amodei showed off an autonomous system that taught itself to play Coast Runners, an old boat-racing video game. Many specialists in the AI field believe a technique called reinforcement learning -- a way for machines to learn specific tasks through extreme trial and error -- could be a primary path to artificial intelligence. All this is why Amodei and Christiano are working to build reinforcement learning algorithms that accept human guidance along the way. Researchers like Google's Ian Goodfellow, for example, are exploring ways that hackers could fool AI systems into seeing things that aren't there.
In many ways, esports represents the future. Like so many other parts of our modern lives, it's built around the computer and the internet. Competitions like'Dota 2's' "The International" draw players from around the world, shrugging off the geopolitical and cultural boundaries that still define many traditional sports. And above all, it fully utilizes man's most potent attribute: the mind.
"On behalf of Blizzard Entertainment, the StarCraft II development team is very pleased to announce the release of the StarCraft II API," reads a Blizzard blog post. "This API also exposes a sandbox for the community to experiment with, using both learning-based AI and scripted AI to build new tools that can benefit the StarCraft II and AI communities," reads the Blizzard blog. In its own blog, DeepMind explained why Blizzard's real-time strategy game is so ideal for A.I. "Part of StarCraft's longevity is down to the rich, multi-layered gameplay, which also makes it an ideal environment for AI research," reads the DeepMind blog.
Roughly 10 million people tune in every day to watch the more than 2 million people who stream their games on platforms like the Amazon-owned Twitch. To keep viewers hooked, gamers dip into an evolving bag of tricks, for example, sharing performance statistics, playing music and displaying live chat comments in a frame that surrounds the view of the game itself. The team observed them as they viewed a single gamer, first during a 1-hour session without the biometric data in the video stream, and then 1 hour with. In a survey, 70 per cent said they felt more connected when they could view the player's physiological state.
Last week, an artificial intelligence bot created by the Elon Musk-backed start-up OpenAI defeated some of the world's most talented players of Dota 2, a fast-paced, highly complex, multiplayer online video game that draws fierce competition from all over the globe. Danylo "Dendi" Ishutin, one of the game's top players, was defeated twice by his AI competition, which felt "a little like human, but a little like something else," he said, according to the Verge. Tesla chief executive Elon Musk hailed the bot's achievement in historic fashion on Twitter before going on to once again express his concerns about artificial intelligence, which he said poses "vastly more risk than North Korea." Vastly more complex than traditional board games like chess & Go.
Computer scientists at University of Southampton are testing an artificially intelligent tool for predicting Premier League football results. The machine learning algorithm has managed to beat BBC football commentator Mark Lawrenson's predictions for two seasons in a row. Fantasy football is a game in which users assemble an imaginary team of real-life footballers and score points based on the players' actual statistical performance during the season. Fantasy managers can compete with Squadguru's AI in the Challenge the Squadguru league in the free Fantasy Premier League salary cap game by entering league code 2917382-677658.
The company hired leading researchers in machine learning and attracted noteworthy investors, including Peter Thiel's firm Founders Fund and Tesla and SpaceX founder Elon Musk. At Harrah's Casino on the shores of Lake Tahoe, DeepMind researchers showed off software that had learned to play three classic Atari games - Pong, Breakout and Enduro - better than an expert human. DeepMind had made use of a newly fashionable machine learning technique called deep learning, which involves processing data through networks of crudely simulated neurons (see "10 Breakthrough Technologies 2013: Deep Learning"). DeepMind had combined deep learning with a technique called reinforcement learning, which is inspired by the work of animal psychologists such as B.F. Skinner.
Chen says the technique could eventually create game worlds that truly resemble the real world. The AI was trained on 3000 images of German streets, so when it comes across part of the photo labelled "car" it draws on its existing knowledge to generate a car there in its own creation. That's easier said than done, however, as each component in the training images needs to be labelled by hand, and creating a data set with that level of detail is extremely labour-intensive. But when it comes to building worlds in virtual reality, that dreamlike nature might not be such a bad thing, says Snavely.
An artificial intelligence programme from Open AI, a research firm backed by entrepreneur Elon Musk, has beat a hundreds of players to win a world championship video game contest. As reported by CNN, the Open AI team taught a bot to play Dota 2, an online multi-player battle game where teams compete to take down a structure in an opposing team's home base. Explaining how the bot was trained, Greg Brockman, Open AI co-founder and chief technology officer, said that it "self-trained" until its skill level reached that of the world's best Dota 2 players. At the world championships in Seattle last week – where players comptete for a prize fund of $10.7m – the bot beat Danil Ishutin, a professional Dota 2 player who goes by the name Dendi, in two out of three rounds.