A tool has been developed to help healthcare professionals identify hospitalised patients most at risk of dying from COVID-19 using artificial intelligence (AI). The algorithm could help doctors to direct critical care resources to those in most immediate need, which the developers of the AI tool say could be especially valuable to resource-limited countries. And with no end in sight for the coronavirus pandemic, with new variants leading to fresh waves of sickness and hospitalisation, the scientists behind the tool say there is a need for generalised tools like this which can be easily rolled out. To develop the tool, scientists used biochemical data from routine blood samples taken from nearly 30,000 patients hospitalised in over 150 hospitals in Spain, the US, Honduras, Bolivia and Argentina between March 2020 and February 2022. Taking blood from so many patients meant the team were able to capture data from people with different immune statuses – vaccinated, unvaccinated and those with natural immunity – and from people infected with every variant of COVID-19.
While global economic and social uncertainties in 2020 caused significant stress, progress in intelligent technologies continued. The digital and intelligent transformation of all industries significantly accelerated, with AI technologies showing great potential in combatting COVID-19 and helping people resume work. Understanding future technology trends may never have been as important as it is today. Baidu Research is releasing our prediction of the 10 technology trends in 2021, hoping that these clear technology signposts will guide us to embrace the new opportunities and embark on new journeys in the age of intelligence. In 2020, COVID-19 drove the integration of AI and emerging technologies like 5G, big data, and IoT.
A doctor can't tell if somebody is Black, Asian, or white, just by looking at their X-rays. The study found that an artificial intelligence program trained to read X-rays and CT scans could predict a person's race with 90 percent accuracy. But the scientists who conducted the study say they have no idea how the computer figures it out. "When my graduate students showed me some of the results that were in this paper, I actually thought it must be a mistake," said Marzyeh Ghassemi, an MIT assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science, and coauthor of the paper, which was published Wednesday in the medical journal The Lancet Digital Health. "I honestly thought my students were crazy when they told me."
Special report AI can study chemical molecules in ways scientists can't comprehend, automatically predicting complex protein structures and designing new drugs, despite having no real understanding of science. The power to design new drugs at scale is no longer limited to Big Pharma. Startups armed with the right algorithms, data, and compute can invent tens of thousands of molecules in just a few hours. New machine learning architectures, including transformers, are automating parts of the design process, helping scientists develop new drugs for difficult diseases like Alzheimer's, cancer, or rare genetic conditions. In 2017, researchers at Google came up with a method to build increasingly bigger and more powerful neural networks.
MIT and Mass General Brigham researchers and physicians connect in person to bring AI into mainstream health care. Even as rapid improvements in artificial intelligence have led to speculation over significant changes in the health care landscape, the adoption of AI in health care has been minimal. A 2020 survey by Brookings, for example, found that less than 1 percent of job postings in health care required AI-related skills. The Abdul Latif Jameel Clinic for Machine Learning in Health (Jameel Clinic), a research center within the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing, recently hosted the MITxMGB AI Cures Conference in an effort to accelerate the adoption of clinical AI tools by creating new opportunities for collaboration between researchers and physicians focused on improving care for diverse patient populations. Once virtual, the AI Cures Conference returned to in-person attendance at MIT's Samberg Conference Center on the morning of April 25, welcoming over 300 attendees primarily made up of researchers and physicians from MIT and Mass General Brigham (MGB).
The unprecedented growth of mobile devices, applications and services have placed the utmost demand on mobile and wireless networking infrastructure. Rapid research and development of 5G systems have found ways to support mobile traffic volumes, real-time extraction of fine-grained analytics, and agile management of network resources, so as to maximize user experience. Moreover inference from heterogeneous mobile data from distributed devices experiences challenges due to computational and battery power limitations. ML models employed at the edge-servers are constrained to light-weight to boost model performance by achieving a trade-off between model complexity and accuracy. Also, model compression, pruning, and quantization are largely in place.
We have come a long way in the field of Machine Learning / Deep learning that we are now very much interested in AI (Artificial Intelligence), in this article we are going to introduce you to AI. The short and precise answer to Artificial Intelligence depends on the person you are explaining it to. A normal human with little understanding of this technology will relate this with "robots". They will say that AI is a terminator like-object that can react and can think on its own. If you ask this same question to an AI expert, he will say that "it is a set of patterns and algorithms that can generate solutions to everything without being explicitly instructed to do that work".
A few years ago, many people imagined a world run by robots. The promises and challenges associated with artificial intelligence (AI) were widely discussed as this technology moved out of the labs and into the mainstream. Many of these predictions seemed contradictory. Robots were mooted to steal our jobs, but also create millions of new ones. As more applications were rolled out, AI hit the headlines for all the right (and wrong) reasons, promising everything from revolutionizing the healthcare sector to making light of the weight of data now created in our digitized world.