You might think that it would be impossible for people to value a piece of hardware over human life, yet new research from Radboud University suggests that such circumstances may exist. Bizarrely, one of these circumstances might involve a perception that robots feel pain. "It is known that military personnel may mourn a robot that is used to clear mines in the army. Funerals are organized for them. We wanted to investigate how far this empathy for robots extends, and what moral principles influence this behavior towards robots. Little research has been done in this area as of yet, " the authors explain.
Reprinted with permission from Quanta Magazine's Abstractions blog. In the 1950s, four mathematically minded U.S. Army soldiers used primitive electronic calculators to work out the optimal strategy for playing blackjack. Their results, later published in the Journal of the American Statistical Association, detailed the best decision a player could make for every situation encountered in the game. Yet that strategy--which would evolve into what gamblers call "the book"--did not guarantee a player would win. Blackjack, along with solitaire, checkers, or any number of other games, has a ceiling on the percentage of games in which players can expect to triumph, even if they play the absolute best that the game can be played.
An army of'killer robots' that will assist infantry on the battlefield has been unveiled in propaganda footage released by Russia The video, released by the Kremlin, appears to showcase the state's latest drone technology. That includes and AI-controlled driverless tank that follow the aim of a soldier's rifle to obliterate targets with its own weaponry. Russia's Advanced Research Foundation (ARF) said the ultimate goal is to have an army of robots entirely controlled by Artificial Intelligence algorithms. Currently the drones are deployed alongside infantry who remotely control the vehicles, but in the future the tech will be fully autonomous. That means the military hardware will be able to target and kill enemies without any human intervention.
The U.S. Army recently awarded QinetiQ North America a contract worth up to $152 million for special robots that are light enough to be carried in a backpack into combat. The Common Robotic System Individual, or CRS (I), is the Army's first "small-sized" robotic program of record, according to a recent press release from the service's Maneuver Capability Development Integration Directorate at Fort Benning, Georgia. "CRS (I) is a remotely operated, highly mobile, unmanned ground vehicle that is light enough for a dismounted soldier to carry in a backpack," the release states. These new robots, which the Army plans to begin fielding in fiscal 2020, "will provide the dismounted soldier with enhanced situational awareness, force protection and increased standoff capability from enemy threats," the release adds. The potential value of the total program could be $429 million over seven years for the delivery of more than 3,000 ground robots, according to a May 22, 2018, QinetiQ North America press release announcing that the company had been chosen as one of two finalists in the program.
The swarm robots are coming and they could change the way wars are fought. In February, the defence secretary said "swarm squadrons" will be deployed by the British armed forces in the coming years. The US has also been testing interconnected, co-operative drones that are capable of working together to overwhelm adversaries. Low-cost, intelligent and inspired by swarms of insects, these new machines could revolutionise future conflicts. From swarming enemy sensors with a deluge of targets, to spreading out over large areas for search-and-rescue missions, they could have a range of uses on and off the battlefield.
The U.S. Army is looking to advance its technology and put its focus on future conflicts, as it presents its colossal budget request to Congress. "This is a big day for the Army," U.S. Army Secretary Mark Esper told CNBC on Tuesday. The bold request allows the Defense Department to prepare for "high-intensity conflict" against countries like Russia and China, he said. "At the same time it also underscores this renaissance that the Army is in with regard to how we man, organize, and train and equip the force," he added. Esper expects the Army to look "much more robotic."
Carnegie Mellon University and the corporate lab creating research for the U.S. Armed force have gone into a $72 million helpful consent to quicken innovative work of man-made consciousness advancements. Throughout the following five years, CMU will lead a gathering of colleges that will work in a joint effort with the Combat Capabilities Development Command Army Research Laboratory to make propelled calculations, self-rule and AI to help national security and resistance. "Handling troublesome science and innovation challenges is once in a while done alone and there is no more prominent test confronting the military than man-made brainpower," Philip Perconti, executive of the Army Research Laboratory, said in a readied proclamation. "The Army is anticipating making incredible advances in AI research to guarantee availability today and to improve the military's modernization needs for the future," he said. As of now, the military delivers and gathers unmistakably a larger number of information than it can ever plan to process with exclusively human examiners.
ATLAS The system involved is called ATLAS, an acronym for Advanced Targeting and Lethality Automated System. The system is designed to acquire, identify, and engage targets at least 3 times as fast as the current manual process. A recent government announcement is for an Industry Day later in March: The Army Contracting Command - Aberdeen Proving Ground Belvoir Division (ACC-APG Belvoir) is announcing an Industry Day on behalf of the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command (CCDC) and the Army Science and Technology (S&T) community, for the Advanced Targeting and Lethality Automated System (ATLAS) program. An Industry Day will be held at Fort Belvoir, VA on 12-13 March 2019 at the Officer's Club.The purpose of this meeting is to provide Industry and Academia with an overview of the program and to solicit sources capable of providing technical solutions to support ATLAS. The Army has a desire to leverage recent advances in computer vision and Artificial Intelligence / Machine Learning (AI/ML) to develop autonomous target acquisition technology, that will be integrated with fire control technology, aimed at providing ground combat vehicles with the capability to acquire, identify, and engage targets at least 3X faster than the current manual process.