STEM


What Does It Mean to Prepare Students for a Future With Artificial Intelligence? (EdSurge News)

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The plan was the beginning of a national effort to prepare Americans for a future with AI--a future some computer scientist believe our nation is ill-equipped to handle. Using research and concepts from several AI experts including Mark Stehlik of Carnegie Mellon and Rand Hindi of Snips, EdSurge put together the following three-step list educators can use to start implementing AI education in schools. Dr. Rand Hindi, CEO of Snips (a machine learning device company), is part of a research group working with the French government to prepare their country for AI. For Stehlik, the onus is on technology companies and higher education institutions to prepare K-12 teachers for AI instruction by providing them with curriculums, capacity and continuing education opportunities.


Thoughts on the EU's draft report on robotics

Robohub

I was asked to write a short op-ed on the European Parliament Law Committee's recommendations on civil law rules for robotics. In the end, the piece didn't get published, so I am posting it here: It is a great shame that most reports of the European Parliament's Committee for Legal Affairs' vote on its Draft Report on Civil Law Rules on Robotics headlined on'personhood' for robots because the report has much else to commend it. Within the report's draft Code of Conduct is a call for robotics funding proposals to include a risk assessment. This too is a very good idea and guidance already exists in British Standard BS 8611, published in April 2016.


List of Free Must-Read Books for Machine Learning

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In this article, we have listed some of the best free machine learning books that you should consider going through (no order in particular). Based on the Stanford Computer Science course CS246 and CS35A, this book is aimed for Computer Science undergraduates, demanding no pre-requisites. This book holds the prologue to statistical learning methods along with a number of R labs included. This Deep Learning textbook is designed for those in the early stages of Machine Learning and Deep learning in particular.


Three MIT alumni win 2017 Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowships for New Americans

MIT News

Three MIT alumni have been awarded The Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowship for New Americans, a graduate school fellowship for outstanding immigrants and children of immigrants in the United States. Continuing educational development work, Phong hopes to expand access to and improve the quality of science education in Vietnam and the U.S. Phong plans on pursuing a PhD in physics, and hopes to become a professor in condensed matter physics who also works to reform science education. While working on her undergraduate degree in biological engineering, Zekavat became interested in applying computational methods to improve mechanistic understanding of disease and to motivate new paths for disease prevention, diagnostics, and treatments. Daisy M. Soros and Paul Soros, both Hungarian immigrants, founded the Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowships for New Americans in 1997.


Wanted: Toolsmiths

Communications of the ACM

In Fred Brooks' Newell Award lecture over 20 years ago, entitled "Computer Scientist as Toolsmith,"2 Brooks notes that "a scientist builds in order to study." Many mainstream computer science subject areas today were born from computing scientists working with domain scientists to build the tools needed to solve specific problems within a non-computing domain. At DARPA we have several programs under way that reimagine longstanding problems using computation, including projects in nuclear security (SIGMAa), engineering design (TRADESb), and applied mathematics (CASCADEc)--to name just three, as there are others--all with central computer science challenges. Developing effective data structures will require computer scientists working with materials scientists to understand their problems and how to best represent them.


Computational Thinking for Teacher Education

Communications of the ACM

"26 And in 2016, the College Board in the U.S. launched a new computer science curriculum for high schools called "Computer Science Principles"6 focusing on exposing students to computational thinking and practices to help them understand how computing influences the world. Embedding computational thinking in K-12 teaching and learning requires teacher educators to prepare teachers to support students' understanding of computational thinking concepts and their application to the disciplinary knowledge of each subject area. Finally, we discuss ways to implement computational thinking into pre-service teacher training, including how teacher educators and computer science educators can collaborate to develop pathways to help pre-service teachers become computationally educated. Based on this definition, a steering committee formed by the Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA https://www.csteachers.org/) They were also discussed in 2015 in the Computing at School (CAS) framework and guide for teachers to enable teachers in the U.K. to incorporate computational thinking into their teaching work.10 CSTA/ISTE and CAS also provide pedagogical approaches to embed these capabilities across the curriculum in elementary and secondary classes.


7 Steps to Mastering Machine Learning With Python

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Since we will be using scientific computing and machine learning packages at some point, I suggest that you install Anaconda. This actually is a reflection of the field of machine learning, since much of what data scientists do involves using machine learning algorithms to varying degrees. Gaining an intimate understanding of machine learning algorithms is beyond the scope of this article, and generally requires substantial amounts of time investment in a more academic setting, or via intense self-study at the very least. For example, when you come across an exercise implementing a regression model below, read the appropriate regression section of Ng's notes and/or view Mitchell's regression videos at that time.


Artificial Intelligence Enters The Classroom

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For example, in flipped classrooms, teachers assign students homework that utilizes artificial intelligence technology. In general, when it comes to computer science learning, scores of students are left out. A joint survey conducted by Google and Gallup, titled Searching for Computer Science: Access and Barriers in U.S. K-12 Education, found that low-income students and Black students have the least access to computer science education. At the same time, several education nonprofit organizations are helping school districts integrate the technology.


Global Science Outlook

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Fabiola Gianotti, Director-General at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, says that only government funding could have made possible the kinds of truly paradigm-shifting scientific discoveries in areas like quantum mechanics that CERN has helped generate. She stresses that this kind of fundamental research has a direct impact on society, and not only in the long term; the cutting-edge technologies that it requires to function are important stimuli for research in other areas as well. For the fruits of that research to really matter, it is vitally important, Gianotti says, to share results and make it accessible across the scientific community. Equally important is science education, relying on open-source hardware and open-source software to train scientists and future scientists at all levels and all ages.


The Age of Female Computers

AITopics Original Links

Sitting "at a common table in the Palais Luxembourg using goose-quill pens and heavy linen paper," writes Grier, the three friends slowly computed the course of Halley's Comet along a parabola-shaped orbit, reducing the math to an extraordinary series of baby steps. "Beyond the simple accuracy of his result," writes Grier, "Clairaut's more important innovation was the division of mathematical labor, the recognition that a long computation could be split into pieces that could be done in parallel by different individuals." New scientific interests -- from Darwinist anthropological investigation to modern mathematical economics to war production -- would come to require and ultimately redirect the aims of computing. Grier, who passes up few opportunities to enliven his history, describes Pearson's Hampden Farm House project, where women and men worked together in an egalitarian atmosphere studying plants.