The times they are a-changin': in 2016, widescale commercial application of artificial intelligence was still a faraway high-tech dream. The ChinaBang Awards did not even have a specialized category for this technology. In the same year, ChinaBang gave out awards to three best AI products, giving a glimpse of the potential that was about to unravel. Here are the five winners of the 7th ChinaBang Awards in the category of Best AI. SenseTime is the most valuable artificial intelligence startup in the world.
Nancy Kanwisher, the Walter A. Rosenblith Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at MIT, has been named a recipient of the 2018 Heineken Prize -- the Netherlands' most prestigious scientific prize -- for her work on the functional organization of the human brain. Kanwisher, who is a professor of brain and cognitive sciences and a member of MIT's McGovern Institute for Brain Research, uses neuroimaging to study the functional organization of the human brain. Over the last 20 years her lab has played a central role in the identification of regions of the human brain that are engaged in particular components of perception and cognition. Many of these regions are very specifically engaged in a single mental function such as perceiving faces, places, bodies, or words, or understanding the meanings of sentences or the mental states of others. These regions form a "neural portrait of the human mind," according to Kanwisher, who has assembled dozens of videos for the general public on her website, NancysBrainTalks.
Sitan Chen, Lillian Chin '17, and Suchita Nety -- are among the 30 recipients of the 2018 Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowships for New Americans. Sylvia Biscoveanu, a recent graduate of Penn State University who will be pursuing a PhD at the MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research next fall, was also named a Soros Fellow. The Soros Fellowships provide up to $90,000 funding for graduate studies for immigrants and the children of immigrants. Award winners are selected for their potential to make significant contributions to United States society, culture, or their academic fields. This year, over 1,700 candidates applied to the prestigious fellowship program.
Contract management has gotten on the radar in recent years. The world's contract managers finally gained attention in 2016 when Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmström were awarded the Nobel Prize for Economic Science. Their work on contract theory not only proves how contracts help us deal with conflicting interests, but also shows the importance of contract management. While contract automation is not new, 63% of procurement organizations from The Hackett Group's 2017 Digital Transformation Study are either exploring or piloting technology to advance the digitalization of contract management. As organizations look to become more digital, contract management is becoming more pervasive and sought after.
Members of the MIT engineering faculty receive many awards in recognition of their scholarship, service, and overall excellence. Every quarter, the School of Engineering publicly recognizes their achievements by highlighting the honors, prizes, and medals won by faculty working in our academic departments, labs, and centers. The following awards were given from January through March, 2018. Submissions for future listings are welcome at any time. Lallit Anand, Department of Mechanical Engineering, was elected to the National Academy of Engineering on Feb. 7. Polina Anikeeva, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, was awarded the Vilcek Prize on Feb. 1. Regina Barzilay, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, was named an Association for Computational Linguistics Fellow on Feb. 20.
The topic of industry disruption -- "a process whereby a smaller company with fewer resources is able to successfully challenge established incumbent businesses" -- is rife with misconceptions. One of the biggest is that it is a mysterious, random, and unpredictable event. Another is that it happens to you in ways that are beyond your control. Those views may have been valid at one time, but they no longer apply. Industry disruption, as Accenture research has found, is reasonably predictable.
Award winners in robot competitions held by the were named on 14 March 2018, during this year's European Robotics Forum (ERF), held in Tampere, Finland on 13–15 March. Awards for the ERL's 2017-18 season were presented at a Gala Dinner to winning teams that took part in all ERL competitions: Service Robots (ERL-SR), Industry Robots (ERL-IR) and Emergency Robots (ERL-ER). ERL-SR is for robots that could provide assistance in homes, particularly for people with reduced mobility. ERL-ER is for robots in simulated emergency situations and ERL-IR tackles automation in industry. Dozens of teams from around Europe took part in the 2017–18 ERL competitions, which stimulate innovation by and collaboration among robotics researchers by setting tasks in simulated real-life conditions, for completion against the clock.
Kunio Shimada, a professor of fluid mechanics and energy engineering at Fukushima University, has developed a special rubber that can generate electricity from solar and kinetic energy and save the power generated. The 53-year-old professor, who is from the city of Fukushima, says the rubber is the first of its kind in the world and is trying to patent it in Japan. His discovery could be used to develop artificial skin for robots or shock-resistant solar batteries. Robotics experts have already shown interest in Shimada's technology, which could become part of the prefecture's new initiative aimed at promoting robotics. Shimada has a track record in the field of conductive rubber.
Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He was a vigorous supporter of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. Hawking was an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA), a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States. In 2002, Hawking was ranked number 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009 and achieved commercial success with works of popular science in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general. His book, A Brief History of Time, appeared on the British Sunday Times best-seller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks. Hawking had a rare early-onset slow-progressing form of motor neurone disease (also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Lou Gehrig's disease), that gradually paralysed him over the decades. Even after the loss of his speech, he was still able to communicate through a speech-generating device, initially through use of a hand-held switch, and eventually by using a single cheek muscle. Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford to Frank (1905–1986) and Isobel Hawking (née Walker; 1915–2013). Despite their families' financial constraints, both parents attended the University of Oxford, where Frank read medicine and Isobel read Philosophy, Politics and Economics. The two met shortly after the beginning of the Second World War at a medical research institute where Isobel was working as a secretary and Frank was working as a medical researcher. They lived in Highgate; but, as London was being bombed in those years, Isobel went to Oxford to give birth in greater safety. Hawking had two younger sisters, Philippa and Mary, and an adopted brother, Edward. In 1950, when Hawking's father became head of the division of parasitology at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hawking and his family moved to St Albans, Hertfordshire.
The detection of gravitational waves, an accomplishment that earned the Nobel Prize in physics last fall, has revolutionized astronomy. Despite all the excitement about the phenomenon, however, American gravitational wave detectors have spotted them just six times to date. Scientists would very much like to have more data to work with, and they're turning to artificial intelligence to try to identify more gravitational wave signals faster, Wired reported. That's because gravitational wave detectors are most valuable when they work together with other types of instruments to shed light on what's happening in the universe. In order for that to happen, it's not just about the detectors picking up a signal--scientists also have to realize it's there soon enough to enlist colleagues in the investigation.