If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
It's a serious competitor and has made massive gains, but China's AI prowess is still often oversold. Our data suggest that America still leads in AI venture capital and other forms of private-market AI investment, and Chinese investors don't seem to be co-opting American AI startups in large numbers. Policymakers should focus on reinforcing the vibrant, open innovation ecosystem that fuels America's AI advantage, and take a deep breath before acting against China's technology transfer efforts and AI abuses. Action is necessary, but misunderstanding China's overall position in AI could lead to rushed or overbroad policies that do more harm than good. AI is a global wave, not a bipolar contest.
Facebook, Twitter and YouTube have your data. The Trump administration said Friday that it would bar two popular Chinese-owned mobile apps WeChat and TikTok from U.S. app stores as of midnight Sunday, escalating the U.S. standoff with China. "Today's actions prove once again that President Trump will do everything in his power to guarantee our national security and protect Americans from the threats of the Chinese Communist Party," Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said in a statement. The Trump administration contends the data collected from American users by TikTok and WeChat could be accessed by the Chinese government. "The Trump administration is looking to make sure U.S. TikTok consumer data stays out of Beijing," said Wedbush Securities analyst Daniel Ives.
An example of ML, specifically supervised ML, is the DoD's use of a computer vision algorithm to identify people and objects of interest in surveillance footage. The computer is fed a labeled or tagged dataset, e.g., images of high-profile individuals or armored security vehicles that contain notations of certain physical characteristics. The goal is for the computer's machine learning algorithm to learn these patterns, establish profiles, and be able to accurately identify these individuals or objects once it begins sifting through the footage.
The federal government took several important steps that prioritized AI development and deployment and positioned the United States to strengthen its global AI leadership, beginning with President Trump's "Executive Order on Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence," which set the tone for the rest of the year. February 11: President Trump issued Executive Order 13859, "Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence," which launched the American AI Initiative, the official U.S. national AI strategy. The initiative includes five pillars: investing in AI research and development, making federal AI resources more available, setting standards for AI, training an AI workforce, and promoting a pro-innovation international environment. The executive order stresses the importance of "continued American leadership" in AI to "maintaining the economic and national security of the United States," as President Trump wrote in a press release accompanying the order. April 2: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a proposed regulatory framework for AI-based software as a medical device, including as a tool for disease detection, diagnosis, targeted therapies, or personalized medicine.
New Chinese government restrictions could complicate ByteDance plans to sell TikTok to a US company and avoid a ban threatened by Donald Trump. Late on Friday, Beijing issued new restrictions or bans on tech exports, requiring companies to seek government approval – a process that can take up to 30 days. In mid-August, Trump gave the company 90 days to sell up or face a shutdown. The rules, which hadn't been updated since 2008, are believed to be aimed at delaying the sale of TikTok to US buyers, as ordered by the US president. Some technologies were removed from the list of regulated exports, including vaccine technologies, but the 23 new additions included tech relating to AI interfaces, voice recognition, and content recommendation analysis.
The US government is announcing $1 billion in new funding for multidisciplinary AI and quantum computing research hubs today, according to multiple reports. A total of 12 hubs will be funded, each embedded within different agencies of the federal government. The investment is part of a slow push from the White House to fund emerging technologies. Many policy advisors have worried that America is falling behind in AI and quantum research compared to rivals like China, and warn that these technologies are instrumental not only for economic development but also national security. It's extremely difficult to make a fair comparison of US and Chinese spend on technology like AI as funding and research in this area is diffuse.
The White House this morning announced over $1 billion to establish 12 new federal research centers dedicated to AI and quantum sciences. Why it matters: The two fields are among the most important in emerging technology, and the new initiative will help the U.S. assert its international leadership in an increasingly competitive field that will impact everything from national security to climate change. Details: The Department of Energy will move up to $625 million over the next five years to five existing national laboratories to create research centers dedicated to quantum science and computing, with an additional $300 million coming from the private sector and academia. What they're saying: "The future of American prosperity and national security will be shaped by how we invest, research, develop and deploy these cutting-edge technologies today," said U.S. chief technology officer Michael Kratsios. Of note: The new initiative comes on the heels of the establishment last month of three NSF centers dedicated to quantum information science.
Increasingly, organizations across many industries and geographies are building and deploying machine learning models and incorporating artificial intelligence into a variety of their different products and offerings. However, as they put AI capabilities into systems that we interact with on a daily basis, it becomes increasingly important to make sure these systems are behaving in a way that's beneficial to the public. When creating AI systems organizations should also consider the ethical and moral implications to make sure that AI is being created for good intentions. Policymakers that want to understand and leverage AI's potential and impact need to take a holistic view of the issues. This includes things like intentions behind AI systems, as well as potential unintended consequences and actions of AI systems.
Among the many departments and agencies within the United States federal government, the US Department of Energy (DOE) stands out as one of the most science, technology, and innovation-focused. This should come as little surprise to those who know the DOE's storied history with its breakthrough labs, world-leading research institutions, and highly educated staff. Since World War II, the DOE has been at the forefront of most of the groundbreaking and world-changing revolutions in science and technology including the development and harnessing of nuclear energy, innovations in genomics including the DOE initiative Human Genome Project, work in high-performance computing, and many other research-oriented efforts. Cheryl Ingstad, Director of the AI and Technology Office, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) In fact, the DOE supports more research in the physical sciences than any other US federal agency, providing more than 40% of US funding in computing, physics, chemistry, materials science, and other area through a system of national laboratories including Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, Ames Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Labs, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and dozens more institutions. Until very recently, the DOE also ran the world's top two fastest supercomputers: Summit and Sierra.
Will Hurd and Robin Kelly are from opposite sides of the ever-widening aisle, but they share a concern that the United States may lose its grip on artificial intelligence, threatening the American economy and the balance of world power. They want to cut off China's access to AI-specific silicon chips and push Congress and federal agencies to devote more resources to advancing and safely deploying AI technology. Although Capitol Hill is increasingly divided, the bipartisan duo claims to see an emerging consensus that China poses a serious threat and that supporting US tech development is a vital remedy. Kelly, a member of the Congressional Black Caucus, says that she has found many Republicans, not just Hurd, the only Black Republican in the House, open to working together on tech issues. "I think people in Congress now understand that we need to do more than we have been doing," she says.