If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Aside from the immature design of many AI applications, another ethical pitfall presents itself in the way we are using these applications. We are designing AI for tasks that could (and should) be done by humans and neglecting to use AI where it is urgently needed -- namely, in repairing our online ecosystem. It is human nature to have opinions. Many of pride ourselves on the fact-based nature of our opinions -- whether they be based on news stories, personal experience, a book we read recently, etc. However, even the strongest opinions are subject to bias, and it is becoming easier than ever to bias our opinions through social media.
I find these questions very interesting. During some recent study, I wrote a response to a different question'Will having robots around make people more or less lonely? I postulated that we will be lonelier when Robots offer an alternative to Human friendships. Suitable human companions will not be available, to those who seek them, because those potential companions all have chosen robotic friends. We have to factor in our human nature into all AI related questions.
Nobel Prize-winning novelist Anatole France famously opined: "It is human nature to think wisely and act foolishly." As a species, we're innately designed with -- as far as our awareness extends -- the highest, most profound levels of intellect, knowledge, and insight in our vast, infinite universe. But this does not equate to omniscience or absolute precision. Humans are by no stretch of the imagination perfect. We feel pressured, we get stressed, life happens, and we end up making mistakes.
Mistrust in artificial intelligence (AI) is a curious thing; it's truly indicative of human nature. With machine learning (ML) activated, if a computer makes a mistake, it will never make that mistake again, yet it is often perceived as a broken tool. Without said intervention, humans can make the same mistake innumerable times, either without coming under scrutiny or before being replaced by a different human with the same ingrained deficiencies. One error can be called a fault in the system, yet the financial and logistical implications that numerous "one-time errors" can have on a retail operation are huge. Larger chains and organizations may need to make tens of millions of decisions each day regarding stock, price points, product placements and even marketing activities.
What is meant by AI? What is the nature of intelligence? What is transhumanism and common sense reasoning? These are some of the questions which the book covers. The relationship between man and machine has fascinated people eversince the writing of Frankenstein, where we are warned about the unintended consequences of the use and development of technology. While scrutinizing AI, one profound question emerges as a natural result: what makes us truly human?
Last month data scientists, analysts, executives, engineers, developers, and AI researchers from a wide range of industries flew in the city of seven hills, San Francisco, California. Each one of over 1000 attendees was super pumped to share and learn emerging trends that are transforming data and businesses. I was one of them and I would like to share some key takeaways with the data science community around the globe. In my opinion, at Strata Data Conferences one could see a perfect intersection of cutting-edge science and evolving business models. The conference featured more than 300 speakers, 10 keynotes, 10 tutorials, and 150 technical sessions.
It was a medical scoop for the Benelux countries. Anaesthetists at the UZ Brussels hospital made use of new artificial intelligence (AI) technology during an operation. An algorithm, developed by an American supercomputer, analyses all sorts of parameters and predicts a drop in blood pressure, fifteen minutes before the event possibly occurs. The new technology is a telling example of how artificial intelligence can be a priceless asset in healthcare and medicine. AI might become as significant to the 21st century, as was the Industrial Revolution to the 19th century.
Cooperation is a phenomenon that has been widely studied across many different disciplines. In the field of computer science, the modularity and robustness of multi-agent systems offer significant practical advantages over individual machines. At the same time, agents using standard reinforcement learning algorithms often fail to achieve long-term, cooperative strategies in unstable environments when there are short-term incentives to defect. Political philosophy, on the other hand, studies the evolution of cooperation in humans who face similar incentives to act individualistically, but nevertheless succeed in forming societies. Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan provides the classic analysis of the transition from a pre-social State of Nature, where consistent defection results in a constant state of war, to stable political community through the institution of an absolute Sovereign. This thesis argues that Hobbes's natural and moral philosophy are strikingly applicable to artificially intelligent agents and aims to show that his political solutions are experimentally successful in producing cooperation among modified Q-Learning agents. Cooperative play is achieved in a novel Sequential Social Dilemma called the Civilization Game, which models the State of Nature by introducing the Hobbesian mechanisms of opponent learning awareness and majoritarian voting, leading to the establishment of a Sovereign.
When a game, film or TV show takes on the idea of human evolution, it's usually concerned with the future. But Ancestors: The Humankind Odyssey's interpretation is literal. You play as a great ape, part of a small troop in a jungle, swinging through trees, picking up sticks and rocks and trying to figure out how to use them to advance the species. It is a fascinating concept, challenging the player to reconnect with the curiosity and ingenuity that helped our distant genetic ancestors to figure out how to progress. Ancestors opens 10 million years ago with a nature-documentary-style montage of cruel life in the jungle, featuring crocodiles, sabre-toothed cats and giant predatory birds – all eating each other.