health & medicine


How AI Could Track Allergens on Every Block NVIDIA Blog

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As seasonal allergy sufferers will attest, the concentration of allergens in the air varies every few paces. A nearby blossoming tree or sudden gust of pollen-tinged wind can easily set off sneezing and watery eyes. But concentrations of airborne allergens are reported city by city, at best. A network of deep learning-powered devices could change that, enabling scientists to track pollen density block by block. Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, have developed a portable AI device that identifies levels of five common allergens from pollen and mold spores with 94 percent accuracy, according to the team's recent paper.


Surgical robots, new medicines and better care: 32 examples of AI in healthcare

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Artificial intelligence simplifies the lives of patients, doctors and hospital administrators by performing tasks that are typically done by humans, but in less time and at a fraction of the cost. One of the world's highest-growth industries, the AI sector was valued at about $600 million in 2014 and is projected to reach a $150 billion by 2026. Whether it's used to find new links between genetic codes or to drive surgery-assisting robots, artificial intelligence is reinventing -- and reinvigorating -- modern healthcare through machines that can predict, comprehend, learn and act. Check out these 32 examples of AI in healthcare. In 2015, misdiagnosing illness and medical error accounted for 10% of all US deaths. In light of that, the promise of improving the diagnostic process is one of AI's most exciting healthcare applications.


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4 disruptions AI could cause in healthcare: Within the next decade, healthcare will see emerging technologies including artificial intelligence, cloud computing, predictive analytics and blockchain spurring billions of dollars in value increases, according to a new McKinsey & Company report on this tech-driven

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Within the next decade, healthcare will see emerging technologies including artificial intelligence, cloud computing, predictive analytics and blockchain spurring billions of dollars in value increases, according to a new McKinsey & Company report on this tech-driven "era of exponential growth." For these innovations to impact areas like clinical productivity, care delivery and waste reduction, though, certain value pools will need to be disrupted across the entire industry. Here are four possible disruptive changes that could transform healthcare in the coming years, according to McKinsey. More articles about AI: How AI can enhance clinical productivity IBM Research using self-driving car tech to promote seniors' wellbeing Bill calls for $2.2B in federal AI funding


What Is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

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In September 1955, John McCarthy, a young assistant professor of mathematics at Dartmouth College, boldly proposed that "every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it." McCarthy called this new field of study "artificial intelligence," and suggested that a two-month effort by a group of 10 scientists could make significant advances in developing machines that could "use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves." At the time, scientists optimistically believed we would soon have thinking machines doing any work a human could do. Now, more than six decades later, advances in computer science and robotics have helped us automate many of the tasks that previously required the physical and cognitive labor of humans. But true artificial intelligence, as McCarthy conceived it, continues to elude us.


Chinese pre-schools use robots to do daily health checks of children

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The school nurse of the future could be a robot if Chinese technology catches on – but British people may be too suspicious, experts say. Children at more than 2,000 pre-schools in the Asian country now have their health checked every morning by a machine. The Walklake robot, which has a square body and cartoon-like face, takes just three seconds to scan a child's hands, eyes, and throats. And if it picks up any signs of illness – red eyes, rashes or mouth ulcers, for example – it can refer the child to a human nurse. One British doctor said he thought parents in the UK wouldn't want the technology and it could disrupt children's learning, but another called it'a great idea'.


Chinese pre-schools use robots to do daily health checks of children

#artificialintelligence

The school nurse of the future could be a robot if Chinese technology catches on – but British people may be too suspicious, experts say. Children at more than 2,000 pre-schools in the Asian country now have their health checked every morning by a machine. The Walklake robot, which has a square body and cartoon-like face, takes just three seconds to scan a child's hands, eyes, and throats. And if it picks up any signs of illness – red eyes, rashes or mouth ulcers, for example – it can refer the child to a human nurse. One British doctor said he thought parents in the UK wouldn't want the technology and it could disrupt children's learning, but another called it'a great idea'.


AI Surpasses Neuroscientists in Spotting Neurons

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Ever wonder how neuroscientists are able to monitor and study what happens inside a living brain in action? One of the challenges in neuroscience is observing the activity of neurons intact in brain tissue that is taking place in a living organism--in vivo. One approach, two-photon calcium imaging, is a method developed circa 1990. In mammalian neurons, calcium is an intracellular messenger. This imaging approach involves the loading of calcium ions (Ca2) indicator dyes in the desired brain region for neuronal monitoring and a two-photon laser scanning microscope for visualization.


How U.S. Weapons Ended Up Hitting Hospitals in Yemen

NYT > Middle East

Visual Investigations Latest Video 10:45 How U.S. Weapons Ended Up Hitting Hospitals in Yemen Visual Investigations Latest Video 5:44 The U.S. Blamed Maduro for Burning Aid to Venezuela. Visual Investigations Latest Video 8:57 How an Elite Nigerian Unit Killed Dozens of Protesters Visual Investigations Latest Video 6:52 A Black Driver, a Marijuana Bust and a Body Camera That Turned Off Visual Investigations Latest Video 8:32 Killing Khashoggi: How a Brutal Saudi Hit Job Unfolded Visual Investigations Latest Video 1:31 The Bomb Suspect's Van Is Covered With Stickers. Visual Investigations Latest Video 7:07 How a Gang Hunted and Killed a 15-Year-Old in the Bronx Visual Investigations Latest Video 1:48 How a C.I.A. Drone Base Grew in the Desert Visual Investigations Latest Video 1:49 How Surveillance Cameras Tracked Two Russian Hit Men Visual Investigations Latest Video 3:04 How the Drone Attack on Maduro Unfolded in Venezuela Visual Investigations Latest Video 5:44 The U.S. Blamed Maduro for Burning Aid to Venezuela. The U.S. Blamed Maduro for Burning Aid to Venezuela. Visual Investigations Latest Video 1:31 The Bomb Suspect's Van Is Covered With Stickers.


Dude, Where's My Frontal Cortex? - Issue 72: Quandary

Nautilus

In the foothills of the Sierra Mountains, a few hours east of San Francisco, are the Moaning Caverns, a cave system that begins, after a narrow, twisting descent of 30-some feet, with an abrupt 180-foot drop. The Park Service has found ancient human skeletons at the bottom of the drop. Instead, these explorers took one step too far in the gloom. The skeletons belonged to adolescents. After all, adolescence is the time of life when someone is most likely to join a cult, kill, be killed, invent an art form, help overthrow a dictator, ethnically cleanse a village, care for the needy, transform physics, adopt a hideous fashion style, commit to God, and be convinced that all the forces of history have converged to make this moment the most consequential ever, fraught with peril and promise. For all this we can thank the teenage brain. Some have argued adolescence is a cultural construct. In traditional cultures, there is typically a single qualitative transition to puberty. After that, the individual is a young adult.