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Hitting the Books: The genetic fluke that enabled us to drink milk

Engadget

It may not contain our recommended daily allowance of Vitamin R but milk -- or "cow juice" as it's known on the streets -- is among the oldest known animal products repurposed for human consumption. Milk has been a staple of our diets since the 9th century BC but it wasn't until a fortuitous mutation to the human genome that we were able to properly digest that delicious bovine-based beverage. In her latest book, Life as We Made It: How 50,000 Years of Human Innovation Refined -- and Redefined -- Nature, author Beth Shapiro takes readers on a journey of scientific discovery, explaining how symbiotic relationships between humans and the environment around us have changed -- but not always for the better. Excerpted from Life as We Made It: How 50,000 Years of Human Innovation Refined--and Redefined--Nature by Beth Shapiro. The first archaeological evidence that people were dairying dates to around 8,500 years ago -- 2,000 years after cattle domestication.


A.I. Breakthrough Could Disrupt the $11 Trillion Medical Sector

#artificialintelligence

A massive disruption now appears imminent in one of the world's largest – and most important – industries. In much the same way that Amazon disrupted the retail business – and how PayPal disrupted the payments industry – one under-the-radar health technology company now seeks to transform the $11.85 trillion global health industry. By moving healthcare away from brick and mortar, traditional medicine into an AI-driven tool that offers unprecedented speed, efficiency, and accuracy... Investors still have a brief window of opportunity to get in on this transformational investment opportunity while it still flies beneath Wall Street's radar. But as you'll soon discover, this company's technology is so powerful that it could become a valuable addition to hundreds of millions of households worldwide. Whether most patients, providers, or large healthcare companies realize it or not, the healthcare industry is already in the early stages of significant change. That's because patients now desire access to more information – and better information – in the blink of an eye. In a recent survey of U.S. health consumers, 71% reported facing major frustrations through their experience with healthcare providers. Concerns ranged from difficulties scheduling appointments to impersonal visits.


Sensely launches digital primary care with virtual assistant and other digital health briefs

#artificialintelligence

Vida Health, a virtual chronic care platform, announced that it is rolling out a new value-based price structure, which puts Vida's fees at-risk for behavioral and physical health. This news comes just months after the company landed $110 million in Series funding. The service includes a number of health conditions, including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, depression and anxiety.


Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Healthcare Market to Grow at a CAGR of 49.8% to reach US$ 107,797.82 Million from 2020 to 2027

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence in healthcare is the use of machine-learning algorithms and software to analyze, process and present complex medical and health care data. It has been widely used to support clinical decisions, improve workflows and predict health outcomes. Thus, wide application of AI in the healthcare sector is likely to propel the growth of the market. The growth of the artificial intelligence in healthcare market is attributed to the rising application of artificial intelligence in healthcare, growing investment in AI healthcare start-ups, and increasing cross-industry partnerships and collaborations. However, dearth of skilled AI workforce and imprecise regulatory guidelines for medical software is the major factor hindering the market growth.


AI Can Detect Signals for Mental Health Assessment

#artificialintelligence

AI can detect signals that are informative about mental health from questionnaires and brain scans. A study published today by an interdisciplinary collaboration, directed by Denis Engemann from Inria, demonstrates that machine learning from large population cohorts can yield "proxy measures" for brain-related health issues without the need for a specialist's assessment. The researchers took advantage of the UK Biobank, one of the world's largest and most comprehensive biomedical databases, that contains detailed and secure health-related data on the UK population. This work is published in the open access journal GigaScience. Mental health issues have been increasing worldwide, with the WHO determining that there has been a 13% increase in mental health conditions and substance abuse disorders between 2007 and 2017.


CAR.O.L - App for the A.I.-Powered Exercise Bike that Gets You Fit in 40 Seconds is on AppRater

#artificialintelligence

The CAR.O.L iOS app allows riders to book a workout on the A.I.-powered CAR.O.L stationary bike at local showrooms, gyms or their workplace. Users can track improvements in their fitness as they perform CAR.O.L's high intensity interval training (HIIT) workouts, and compare it against global and company leaderboards. Riders receive real-time updates to their Octane Score (power per heartbeat) and total power over time, picking up where they left off no matter which CAR.O.L bike they ride.


Population modeling with machine learning can enhance measures of mental health

#artificialintelligence

Figure 1 – Figure supplement 1: Learning curves on the random split-half validation used for model building. To facilitate comparisons, we evaluated predictions of age, fluid intelligence and neuroticism from a complete set of socio-demographic variables without brain imaging using the coefficient of determination R2 metric (y-axis) to compare results obtained from 100 to 3000 training samples (x-axis). The cross-validation (CV) distribution was obtained from 100 Monte Carlo splits. Across targets, performance started to plateau after around 1000 training samples with scores virtually identical to the final model used in subsequent analyses. These benchmarks suggest that inclusion of additional training samples would not have led to substantial improvements in performance.


How different is Amazon's Halo View from the Fitbit Charge 5?

#artificialintelligence

If recent headlines were any indication, Amazon's fall hardware event was all about Amazon's forthcoming home robot, Astro, and its new home surveillance drone. Buried in the deluge of announcements, however, was the Halo View, an $80 fitness tracker that bears a striking resemblance to the recently released Fitbit Charge 5. The similarities become even more pronounced when you consider the View's new display and its ability to track your heart rate and sleep quality. In many respects, it seems as if Amazon created a Fitbit Charge 5-like wearable at a price point that makes it far more accessible. We analyzed the two to find out.


The Human Factor in AI-Based Decision-Making

#artificialintelligence

AI now has a firm footing in organizations' strategic decision-making processes. Five years ago, less than 10% of large companies had adopted machine learning or other forms of AI, but today 80% of them make use of the technology.1 Whether it is Amazon integrating algorithms into its recruiting processes or Walmart using AI for decisions about product lines, such examples show that the use of AI now transcends mere process automation and that AI is increasingly being used to augment decision-making processes at all levels, including top management.2 In the boardroom, companies can use the power of AI to analyze information, recognize complex patterns, and even get advice on strategic issues. This predictive technology can help executives handle the increasing complexity of strategic choices by offering new perspectives and insights for consideration, which can help organizations gain competitive advantage.3 Get monthly email updates on how artificial intelligence and big data are affecting the development and execution of strategy in organizations.


30+ Unique Artificial Intelligence App ideas for Android and iOS

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A decade ago, who would have imagined that machines would act, behave, and think like human beings? And now, when we see artificial intelligence becoming an integral part of every other industry, we cannot imagine our lives without it. AI is rendering immense benefits to the individuals by modernizing their lifestyle; similarly, it is also making businesses to improve their productivity by delivering excellent customer experience. This growing use of artificial intelligence in manufacturing, IT, e-commerce, retail, automobile, and other industries has increased the demand for AI app development. Yes, you read that correctly. AI-based applications and software are quite high in demand because they help businesses to improve their existing process and take futuristic and data-driven designs to ensure their business growth and success.