PROBLEM SOLVING


Artificial Intelligence -- A glimpse into the building block of the future

#artificialintelligence

It is 1955, and in the corridors of RAND (Research and Development) Corporation, America's non-profit global policy think-tank, a printer is printing out a map using punctuation marks and symbols. Maybe, but it was also the moment that inspired the development of a phenomenon that is touted be the fundamental determinant of future societies - Artificial Intelligence. Herbert A. Simon, a political scientist, Allen Newell, a researcher in computer science and cognitive psychology and Cliff Shaw, a programmer par excellence, came together after that fateful moment of observing the printer. Simon realized a machine's manipulative capabilities that could simulate decision making, akin to the process of human thought. Thus began their journey to create the Logic Theorist, a program engineered to mimic the problem-solving skills of a human being which are also revered as'the first artificial intelligence program.'


Associative memory AI aids in the battle against financial crime

#artificialintelligence

Check out AI-Powered Crime Prediction at the Strata Business Summit at the Strata Data Conference in San Jose, March 5-8, 2018. Hurry--early price ends January 19. In this episode of the O'Reilly Media Podcast, I spoke with Gayle Sheppard, vice president and general manager of Saffron AI Group at Intel, and David Thomas, chief analytics officer for Bank of New Zealand (BNZ). Our conversations centered around the utility of artificial intelligence in the financial services industry. According to Sheppard, associative memory AI technologies are best thought of as reasoning systems that combine the memory-based learning seen in humans--recognizing patterns, spotting anomalies, and detecting new features almost instantly--with data.


Model in Britain's sex-and-spy Profumo scandal dies at 75

The Japan Times

LONDON – Christine Keeler, the central figure in the sex-and-espionage Profumo scandal that rocked Cold War Britain, has died at 75. Her son, Seymour Platt, posted on Facebook that Keeler died Monday at a hospital near Farnborough in southern England. Born in 1942, Keeler was a model and nightclub dancer in 1963 when she had an affair with British War Secretary John Profumo. When it emerged that Keeler had also slept with a Soviet naval attache, the collision of sex, wealth and national security issues caused a sensation and helped topple the Conservative government. A naked photo of Keeler straddling the back of a chair is among the most famous U.K. images of the 1960s.


Students Explore STEM Principles of Problem-Solving

U.S. News

Gabbard and the other IU students are working toward a Computer Education License, which would certify them to teach computer science classes in the state of Indiana. Candace Buggs, instructor for the course in IU's Instructional Systems Technology department, and Clear Creek principal Susan Petty arranged for the students to create kid-friendly booths as part of their final project for the class. Buggs said she pressed students to create booths that would spark students' interest in STEM topics by engaging in interests kids already have -- hence the pervasive Disney, LEGO and Christmas themes.


Colonial Beach Teen Tops in State With Rubik's Cube

U.S. News

The son of Paul Christie and Sonya Stagnoli, Ben and his sister Bella are home-schooled students who also take college courses. He'll graduate with an associate's degree from Germanna Community College next spring, at about the same time that he receives his high school diploma. She takes classes at Rappahannock Community College.


3 skillsets that are "safe" with AI

#artificialintelligence

AI and machine learning are rising forms of innovative technology that can be used to automate mundane tasks within an organization and keep businesses productive. But in the future, they ultimately won't replace many of the skills that humans have today. In a nutshell, organizations need to be able to anticipate change, readjust their strategies and come up with creative ideas to motivate staff and market products - just to name a few. This article will take a deep dive into the following three skills: communication, creativity and flexibility, that are "safe" with AI and can work in tandem with the technology to improve business productivity, keep customers happy, and brainstorm new ideas to problem solve with clients, better market products and work better as a team to reach common goals and impact business. Several companies around the globe are competitively putting enough creativity and effort to fabricate unique skillsets that are "safe" with AI.


Grad student created an amazing Rubik's Cube prototype for the blind

Mashable

A 1974 invention is getting a very inclusive makeover. Kristen Sharpless had an interesting assignment for her Intro to Vision Rehab Therapy class. The graduate student from the University of Massachusetts was assigned to create an adapted recreational game for someone who is blind. In a flash of inspiration, she created a Rubik's Cube with tactile inputs so people with limited vision could still use it. She posted the prototype on Reddit and immediately received an outpour of positive comments.


U.S. Ranks No. 13 in New PISA Collaborative Problem-Solving Test

U.S. News

So the OECD turned to educational-software developers, led by Arthur Graesser at the University of Memphis, to create simulated computer agents to pose as humans. Students took the test individually in front of a computer and were guided through scenarios where they had to interact with imaginary "peers," reading their comments on chat sessions and deciding on the best course of action. All questions in the assessment either were multiple-choice or involved moving icons into a slot. There were no free-response questions. In some cases, a test taker isn't given enough information and has to pool information from his "peers" to solve a problem.


Survey ranks Japanese kids' group problem-solving skills at No. 2, behind Singapore

Japan Times >> News

A 2015 survey of 52 countries and economies ranked Japan second behind Singapore in collaborative problem-solving skills among 15-year-old students, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said Tuesday. The top four spots were occupied by those who participated from Asia, with Hong Kong and South Korea ranking third and fourth, respectively, while Canada and Estonia were tied for fifth. Among 32 OECD countries surveyed, Japan was best. According to the OECD, few efforts have been made to assess students' collective problem-solving skills despite the trait being much in demand in modern workplaces. The survey was the first-ever assessment in this area conducted as part of the Program for International Student Assessment, the OECD said.


Rubik s Cube records broken in 4.59 seconds

Daily Mail

A 23-year-old'professional speedcuber' has set a new world record by completing a Rubik's Cube in just 4.59 seconds. Korean SeungBeom Cho solved the 3D puzzle in his first round at the World Cube Association's ChicaGhosts 2017 event in Chicago, smashing his previous personal best of 6.54 seconds. Footage of Mr Cho's attempt shows him given just a few seconds to examine the cube before starting, completing it just moments later. A series of UK records have been broken by quick-fingered Rubik's Cube solvers at the UK championships held in Stevenage, Hertfordshire on Sunday. Competitors as young as seven tackled the notoriously tricky cubes one-handed, blindfolded and even with their feet in a bid to become the top gamers of the weekend.