Physics-constrained deep learning of building thermal dynamics

AIHub 

Energy-efficient buildings are one of the top priorities to sustainably address the global energy demands and reduction of CO2 emissions. Advanced control strategies for buildings have been identified as a potential solution with projected energy saving potential of up to 28%. However, the main bottleneck of the model-free methods such as reinforcement learning (RL) is the sampling inefficiency and thus requirement for large datasets, which are costly to obtain or often not available in the engineering practice. On the other hand, model-based methods such as model predictive control (MPC) suffer from large cost associated with the development of the physics-based building thermal dynamics model. We address the challenge of developing cost and data-efficient predictive models of a building's thermal dynamics via physics-constrained deep learning.

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