"At the highest level of generality, a general CBR cycle may be described by the following four processes:
– Case-Based Reasoning: Foundational Issues, Methodological Variations, and System Approaches. Agnar Aamodt & Enric Plaza. AI Communications. IOS Press, Vol. 7: 1, pp. 39-59.
As the amount of information available to researchers grows at an increasing rate, it becomes much more difficult to find relevant resources. An approach taken by several authoritative bodies, such as the Association for Computing Machinery and the U.S. National Library of Medicine, is the introduction of a classification scheme. However, even the most modern schemes are not capable of adequately distinguishing one research paper from another, due mainly to their broad generality. This paper describes a methodology for building a much narrower, specialized classification scheme focused on the area of Cased-Based Reasoning in the Health Sciences. It is derived from thorough analysis of the field, but with a framework that can be adapted to other areas. Using a tiered approach to further subdivide systems into more specific classes according to criteria specific to this particular field, this classification scheme affords interdisciplinary search, which is generally left out of generic indexing systems. This paper presents the resulting classification scheme and showcases its usefulness for classifying and tracking the evolution of research.
Generalized cases are cases that cover a subspace rather than a point in the problem-solution space. Attribute dependent generalized cases are a subclass of generalized cases, which cause a high computational complexity during similarity assessment. We present a new approach for an efficient indexbased retrieval of such generalized cases by an improved kdtree approach. The experimental evaluation demonstrates a significant improvement in retrieval efficiency compared to previous methods.
This paper discusses the state of the art in CBR ontologies from the perspective of one developing an improved system for case-based legal reasoning. The paper proposes three specific roles for a CBR ontology and illustrates them in the context of the intended output of the new system: a legal classroom discussion of how to decide a case featuring hypothetical reasoning and abstract analogies. The paper distills the ontological requirements for modeling the example's case-based arguments and assesses whether current research can meet those requirements. The concrete example helps to focus on and define goals for improving CBR ontologies.
Following successful special tracks on case-based reasoning at FLAIRS over the past seven years, we invited papers for the Eighth Special Track on CBR at the 22nd International FLAIRS Conference. Case-based reasoning is an AI problem solving and analysis methodology that retrieves and adapts previous experiences to fit new contexts. This forum is intended to gather AI researchers and practitioners with an interest in CBR to present and discuss developments in CBR theory and application. Submission topics included foundations of CBR; methods for CBR (such as representation, indexing, retrieval, adaptation); evaluation methods for CBR systems and integrations; practical applications of CBR; textual CBR; CBR and creativity; CBR and design; distributed CBR; case based maintenance; spatiotemporal CBR; CBR in the health sciences; CBR integrations; case based planning; and CBR and games. The invited speaker for the special track for 2009 is Ashok Goel from the Georgia Institute of Technology, USA.