Representation & Reasoning


Introduction To Computing Using Python - Programmer Books

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Perkovic's Introduction to Programming Using Python is more than just an introduction to programming. It is an inclusive introduction to Computer Science that takes the pedagogical approach of "the right tool for the job at the right moment," and focuses on application development. The book's approach is hands-on and problem-oriented, with practice problems and solutions appearing throughout the text. The text is imperative-first, but does not shy away from discussing objects early where appropriate. Discussions of user-defined classes and Object-Oriented Programming appear later in the text, when students have more background and the concepts can be motivated.


Probability Logic

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This chapter presents probability logic as a rationality framework for human reasoning under uncertainty. Selected formal-normative aspects of probability logic are discussed in the light of experimental evidence. Specifically, probability logic is characterized as a generalization of bivalent truth-functional propositional logic (short "logic"), as being connexive, and as being nonmonotonic. The chapter discusses selected argument forms and associated uncertainty propagation rules. Throughout the chapter, the descriptive validity of probability logic is compared to logic, which was used as the gold standard of reference for assessing the rationality of human reasoning in the 20th century.


Designing an AI Health Coach and Studying its Utility in Promoting Regular Aerobic Exercise

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Our research aims to develop interactive, social agents that can coach people to learn new tasks, skills, and habits. In this paper, we focus on coaching sedentary, overweight individuals (i.e., trainees) to exercise regularly. We employ adaptive goal setting in which the intelligent health coach generates, tracks, and revises personalized exercise goals for a trainee. The goals become incrementally more difficult as the trainee progresses through the training program. Our approach is model-based - the coach maintains a parameterized model of the trainee's aerobic capability that drives its expectation of the trainee's performance.


New Robot Can Solve a Rubik's Cube with Just One Hand Lwin Htut Kyaw Digital Creator Mandalay Myanmar

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OpenAI has come up with a new robot capable of solving a Rubik's Cube with a single hand. The AI-based company trained neural networks in simulation using reinforcement learning to make this achievement possible. The company has been working on this project since May 2017 and has now achieved its goal marking this as a milestone towards its progress in the field of AI. The time taken by the robotic hand varies depending on how the cube is shuffled but on average, it takes about four minutes to solve the puzzle. However, it is worth noting that this is not the first-ever robot that managed to solve the Rubik's cube.


Decision Tree Classifier from Scratch: Classifying Student's Knowledge Level

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In simple words, Decision Tree Classifier is a Supervised Machine learning algorithm which is used for supervised classification problems. Under the hood in decision tree, each node asks a True or False question about one of the features and moves left or right with respect to the decision. You can learn more about Decision Tree from here. We are going to use a Machine Learning algorithms to find the patterns on the historical data of the students and classify their knowledge level, and for that we are going to write our own simple Decision Tree Classifier from scratch by using Python Programming Language. Though i am going to explain everything along the way, it will not be a basic level explanation.


AI, cloud, blockchain and beyond: Changing the financial world individually and in tandem

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AI has been talked about since the very early days of computing and has attained mainstream use in recent years with the likes of Amazon's Alexa and Apple's Siri. "Just as in the last 40 years, computation has enabled us to change the way we do business and create new products, AI will help us to make better decisions," Carlos Kuchovsky, chief of technology and R&D at BBVA, tells Finextra. "We are now looking at the ways in which it can help us change the way we operate and bring value." The Bank of England has recently reported that machine learning tools are in use at two thirds of UK financial firms, with the average company using it two business areas, which is expected to double in the next three years. It may be through interoperation with cloud and blockchain technology that AI's capabilities will be fully harnessed.


Tinder boss Elie Seidman: 'If you behave badly, we want you out'

The Guardian

Swipe right for "would like to meet", left for "wouldn't". Seven years after Tinder made choosing a date as simple as flicking your thumb across a smartphone screen, it is by far the most-used dating app in the UK and the US. Downloaded 300m times and with more than 5 million paying subscribers, it is the highest-grossing app of any kind in the world, according to the analysts App Annie. For Americans, apps and online dating are the most common way to meet a partner. "It's an amazing responsibility, and an amazing privilege," says Elie Seidman, Tinder's 45-year-old chief executive.


Your Amazon Echo can help you when you're sneezy, sick and scratchy

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Keep your Amazon Echo close to your bed for when you really need it. When you wake up feeling groggy and sick, the last thing you want to do is get out of bed and go see the doctor. Fortunately, if you've got your Amazon Echo ($70 at Amazon) at your side (or even the Alexa app), you can get diagnosed right from your comfy zone. While Alexa isn't a doctor and can't physically examine you, it can use the web and its smarts to help give you a diagnosis based on the condition you've described. Not to mention, you can avoid that dreaded copay and doctor bill.


Artificial Intelligence Movie Review – Analytics Jobs

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The amusement as well as media (E&M) business is actually a diverse sector composed of several segments such as media, television, and film streamed online. By 2021, the U.S. E&M business is projected to reach $759 billion in revenue, increasing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.6 percent. Despite the anticipated growth, there are concerns about a revenue declines in more traditional market segments. Being a result, business analysts like PwC argue that user experience need to take going up priority and AI is actually among top emerging technologies poised to positively add to our energy. Within this document we break down uses of artificial intelligence of the entertainment as well as media business market to offer company leaders with an understanding of present and emerging trends that could influence the sector of theirs.


AI Weekly: Why Google still needs the cloud even with on-device ML

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Google held its big annual hardware event Tuesday in New York to unveil the Pixel 4, Nest Mini, Pixelbook Go, Nest Wifi, and Pixel Buds. It was mostly predictable because details about virtually every piece of hardware the company revealed at the event were leaked months in advance, but if Google's biggest hardware event of the year had an overarching theme, it was the many applications of on-device machine learning. Most of the hardware Google introduced includes a dedicated chip for running AI, continuing an industry-wide trend to power services consumers will no doubt enjoy, but there can be privacy implications too. The new Nest Mini's on-device machine learning recognizes your most commonly used voice commands to quicken Google Assistant response time compared to the first-generation Home Mini. In Pixel Buds, due out next year, machine learning helps recognize ambient sound levels and increase or decrease sound the same way your smartphone dims or brightens when it's in sunlight or shade.