"Questions are asked and answered every day. Question answering (QA) technology aims to deliver the same facility online. It goes further than the more familiar search based on keywords (as in Google, Yahoo, and other search engines), in attempting to recognize what a question expresses and to respond with an actual answer. This simplifies things for users in two ways. First, questions do not often translate into a simple list of keywords. ...Second, QA takes responsibility for providing answers, rather than a searchable list of links to potentially relevant documents (web pages), highlighted by snippets of text that show how the query matched the documents."
– from Bonnie Webber & Nick Webb. Question Answering. In The Handbook of Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing. Alexander Clark, Chris Fox, Shalom Lappin (Eds.). Wiley, 2010.
To simplify the path toward enterprise AI, organizations are turning to IBM Watson Studio and Watson Machine Learning. Together with IBM Watson Machine Learning, IBM Watson Studio is a leading data science and machine learning platform built from the ground up for an AI-powered business. It helps enterprises simplify the process of experimentation to deployment, speed data exploration and model development and training, and scale data science operations across the lifecycle.
Before Siri and Alexa, there was Watson. Appearing as a contestant on "Jeopardy!" made IBM's Watson a household name. But since its debut -- and win -- in 2011, the computer has morphed into something else entirely: An artificial intelligence tool for business. The company opened up Watson in the cloud wars, making the technology available on competitors' clouds last month. Behind the Watson branding are career technologists making the tool work for business customers.
Machine Learning, Data Science, and Predictive Analytics techniques are in strong demand. That's why since its launch, IBM Watson Studio has proven to be very popular with academia. Thousands of students and faculty have been drawn to Watson Studio for its powerful open source and code-free data analysis tools. Now, this all-in-one platform for data science is free to students and faculty with unlimited use with Watson Studio Desktop. Watson Studio Desktop, with unlimited compute, is now available for free to students and faculty for teaching and learning purposes via a 1 year subscription.
Who is Dwayne'The Rock' Johnson? Here are some facts you may not know about the professional wrestler and actor. Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson may be an international movie star whose films have grossed billions of dollars worldwide, but he was still honored when "Jeopardy!" recently dedicated a whole category of questions to his career. Johnson was pleased to announce that he wouldn't have any trouble answering the questions in the quiz show's "Mr. The 47-year-old posted his hilarious reaction to the surprise on Instagram Friday. "I'll take the entire Mr. Dwayne Johnson category for the MF'n win, Alex," he posted along with a video clip from the show. "I finally proved I'm a brilliant cookie by answering more than two Jeopardy questions correctly," the "Fast & Furious" star continued. "I just shook my head, laughed and said'no f------ way, how cool is that!?' when I found out I have my own Jeopardy category.
How are you using Watson in your business? We wanted to improve the candidate experience by creating interactions with job seekers visiting our career site, as well as increase the number of applications we receive for hard-to-fill roles. Watson Candidate Assistant answers general questions about working at NBCUniversal, and it recommends jobs based on keyword matching between openings and the job seeker's resume. Candidates using a traditional job search may look by functional areas or job titles, but that might not match our company's vernacular. We can now drive candidates to roles they might not have found.
Deploying AI-imbued apps and services isn't as challenging as it used to be, thanks to offerings like IBM's Watson Studio (previously Data Science Experience). Watson Studio, which debuted in 2017 after a 12-month beta period, provides an environment and tools that help to analyze, visualize, cleanse, and shape data; to ingest streaming data; and to train and optimize machine learning models in real time. And today, it's becoming even more capable with the launch of AutoAI, a set of features designed to automate tasks associated with orchestrating AI in enterprise environments. "IBM has been working closely with clients as they chart their paths to AI, and one of the first challenges many face is data prep -- a foundational step in AI," said general manager of IBM Data and AI Rob Thomas in a statement. "We have seen that complexity of data infrastructures can be daunting to the most sophisticated companies, but it can be overwhelming for those with little to no technical resources. The automation capabilities we're putting Watson Studio are designed to smooth the process and help clients start building machine learning models and experiments faster."
Multi-hop Reading Comprehension (RC) requires reasoning and aggregation across several paragraphs. We propose a system for multi-hop RC that decomposes a compositional question into simpler sub-questions that can be answered by off-the-shelf single-hop RC models. Since annotations for such decomposition are expensive, we recast sub-question generation as a span prediction problem and show that our method, trained using only 400 labeled examples, generates sub-questions that are as effective as human-authored sub-questions. We also introduce a new global rescoring approach that considers each decomposition (i.e. the sub-questions and their answers) to select the best final answer, greatly improving overall performance. Our experiments on HotpotQA show that this approach achieves the state-of-the-art results, while providing explainable evidence for its decision making in the form of sub-questions.
We propose a new end-to-end question answering model, which learns to aggregate answer evidence from an incomplete knowledge base (KB) and a set of retrieved text snippets. Under the assumptions that the structured KB is easier to query and the acquired knowledge can help the understanding of unstructured text, our model first accumulates knowledge of entities from a question-related KB subgraph; then reformulates the question in the latent space and reads the texts with the accumulated entity knowledge at hand. The evidence from KB and texts are finally aggregated to predict answers. On the widely-used KBQA benchmark WebQSP, our model achieves consistent improvements across settings with different extents of KB incompleteness.
Analysts may disagree on the specific numbers, but one thing is abundantly clear--we're right in the thick of a voice revolution. Whether it's through Alexa, Siri, Google, or any other digital assistant, voice search has become an integral part of daily life for millions of people. And marketers can't be content to sit back and see how this trend plays out. Creating a voice strategy has quickly become a necessity rather than a luxury. But if you're at square one, it's easy for the "where do I start?" mentality to set in.