Social & Ethical Issues

International AI ethics panel must be independent


Facial-recognition software is increasingly being used to track individuals without their permission.Credit: David McNew/AFP/Getty China wants to be the world's leader in artificial intelligence (AI) by 2030. The United States has a strategic plan to retain the top spot, and, by some measures, already leads in influential papers, hardware and AI talent. Other wealthy nations are also jockeying for a place in the world AI league. A kind of AI arms race is under way, and governments and corporations are pouring eye-watering sums into research and development. The prize, and it's a big one, is that AI is forecast to add around US$15 trillion to the world economy by 2030 -- more than four times the 2017 gross domestic product of Germany.

Amazon and Microsoft are putting world at risk with killer AI, study says

The Japan Times

WASHINGTON – Amazon, Microsoft and Intel are among leading tech companies putting the world at risk through killer robot development, according to a report that surveyed major players from the sector about their stance on lethal autonomous weapons. Dutch NGO Pax ranked 50 companies by three criteria: whether they were developing technology that could be relevant to deadly AI, whether they were working on related military projects, and if they had committed to abstaining from contributing in the future. "Why are companies like Microsoft and Amazon not denying that they're currently developing these highly controversial weapons, which could decide to kill people without direct human involvement?" The use of AI to allow weapon systems to autonomously select and attack targets has sparked ethical debates in recent years, with critics warning they would jeopardize international security and herald a third revolution in warfare after gunpowder and the atomic bomb. A panel of government experts debated policy options regarding lethal autonomous weapons at a meeting of the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in Geneva on Wednesday.

Beyond the Hype: The EU and the AI Global 'Arms Race'


We live in times of high-tech euphoria marked by instances of geopolitical doom-and-gloom. There seems to be no middle ground between the hype surrounding cutting-edge technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and their impact on security and defence, and anxieties over their potential destructive consequences. AI, arguably one of the most important and divisive inventions in human history, is now being glorified as the strategic enabler of the 21st century and next domain of military disruption and geopolitical competition. The race in technological innovation, justified by significant economic and security benefits, is widely recognised as likely to make early adopters the next global leaders. Technological innovation and defence technologies have always occupied central positions in national defence strategies.

TTT Studios An open conversation about AI ethics


Increased deployment of Artificial Intelligence around the world has torn open a very public and heated debate. While AI is being used to do things like sentence criminals, determine who should be hired and fired, and assess what loan rate you should be offered, it's also being leveraged to protect against poaching, detect illnesses sooner and more accurately, and shed new insights into fighting climate change. As we continue to develop AmandaAI here at TTT, we increasingly involve ourselves in the field. And as the technology continues to advance, we will continue to take on more and more clients who want to incorporate AI into their software. Since we're helping to create an AI-enabled future, we have a responsibility to explore what exactly that means.

Automatic for the people? Experts predict how AI will transform the workplace Smarter working


"There are going to be errors, whether it's humans or robots. It's more about where do you want those errors to occur," Harvey said. This means it may make more sense to focus on internal processes where mistakes are unlikely to cause significant problems. But when they could affect clients or have a regulatory impact, "that's probably not where I would want to have AI. I would want to seriously look deep into what the potential losses are associated with that – not only to clients but to the firm."

S2E3: Artificial Intelligence


This week Rebecca and Jessie talk about their fear of artificial intelligence, deepfakes, Sophia the Robot and what might happen when machine learning goes too far.

Explainable AI or Halting Faulty Models ahead of Disaster


Experienced machine learning experts will know about the challenge's complexity and rightfully question the results' validity. At the same time, submissions like this Notebook illustrate how the Titanic competition's leaderboard can be forged effortlessly; A top-performing model can be created by collecting and including the publicly accessible list of survivors. Clearly, such overfit models only work for one very specific use case and are virtually useless for predicting outcomes in any other situation (not to mention the ethics of cheating). So, how can we make sure we have trained or are provided with a model that we can actually use in production? How can machine learning systems be deployed without likely ensuing disaster?

Here's How Artificial Intelligence Is Fueling Climate Change


The'AI Apocalypse' might kill humanity before any actual robot uprising Education Images/Universal Images Group via Getty Images You can think of artificial intelligence (AI) in the same way you think about cloud computing, if you think about either of them through an environmental lens: an enormous and growing source of carbon emissions, with the very real potential to choke out humans' ability to breathe clean air long before a sentient and ornery AI goes all Skynet on us. At the moment, data centers--the enormous rooms full of stacks and stacks of servers that juggle dank memes, fire tweets, your vitally important Google docs and all the other data that is stored somewhere other than on your phone and in your home computer--use about 2% of the world's electricity. SEE ALSO: Can Giant Snow-Blowing Cannons Save Earth From Climate Change? Of that, servers that run AI--processing all the data and making the decisions and computations that a machine mimicking a human brain must handle in order to achieve "deep learning"--use about 0.1% of the world's electricity, according to a recent MIT Technology Review article. The likelihood that figure will grow, it turns out, is quite good.

Beyond Clustering: The New Methods that are Pushing the Future of Unsupervised Learning


If you ask any group of data science students about the types of machine learning algorithms, they will answer without hesitation: supervised and unsupervised. However, if we ask that same group to list different types of unsupervised learning, we are likely to get an answer like clustering but not much more. While supervised methods lead the current wave of innovation in areas such as deep learning, there is very little doubt that the future of artificial intelligence(AI) will transition towards more unsupervised forms of learning. In recent years, we have seen a lot of progress on several new forms of unsupervised learning methods that expand way beyond traditional clustering or principal component analysis(PCA) techniques. Today, I would like to explore some of the most prominent new schools of thought in the unsupervised space and their role in the future of AI.

The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence


Road Watch 2.0 Vision Zero Pedestrian Deaths Project: Learn how an award-winning Richmond Hill and York Regional Police road safety Road Watch program is the base for a space age approach to make Toronto roads safer, as kicked off on the Global News 640 AM John Oakley Show. Hear a plan to make roads safer while mitigating climate through earth and Space LiDAR technology. Learn how road safety and climate change mitigation is combined in the Ethical AI Energy Cloud City master plan, a UN 17 Sustainable Development Goals Emerging Technology Framework to Unite Society. Dave D'Silva founded Intelligent Market Solutions Group (IMSG) to make good on a University of Waterloo pact with Bill Gates. IMSG is a socio-economic emerging technology project management firm creating Star Trek inspired Ethical AI systems.