"Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of mind and intelligence, embracing philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. Its intellectual origins are in the mid-1950s when researchers in several fields began to develop theories of mind based on complex representations and computational procedures."
– Paul Thagard. Cognitive Science , in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Artificial intelligence is impacting every single aspect of our future, but it has a fundamental flaw that needs to be addressed. The fundamental flaw of artificial intelligence is that it requires a skilled workforce. Apple is currently leading the race of artificial intelligence by acquiring 29 AI startups since 2010. Success in creating effective AI, could be the biggest event in the history of our civilization. So we cannot know if we will be infinitely helped by AI, or ignored by it and side-lined, or conceivably destroyed by it.
Hope you are doing well. Hacking a Neural Network is simply fooling a Neural Network. Neural Networks are increasingly being used in various security and moderating systems across different fields. It is very important that they mainatain their integrity across different types of attacks. In this article, I am going to explain how we can modify an image (without changing it too much) to force the Neural Network to mis-classify it (that too with a very high degree of certainity).
Recently, cognitive computing has been getting a significant amount of traction. It has offered several things to the business world. Since the introduction of IBM Watson, we began to witness the transformations that it can bring to companies. Humans are now studying machine languages to automate tasks by communicating with machines and providing instructions using cognitive computing. There are several tools and applications that are available in the market. This article brings to you the top 10 cognitive computing tools in 2021.
Figure 1 – Figure supplement 1: Learning curves on the random split-half validation used for model building. To facilitate comparisons, we evaluated predictions of age, fluid intelligence and neuroticism from a complete set of socio-demographic variables without brain imaging using the coefficient of determination R2 metric (y-axis) to compare results obtained from 100 to 3000 training samples (x-axis). The cross-validation (CV) distribution was obtained from 100 Monte Carlo splits. Across targets, performance started to plateau after around 1000 training samples with scores virtually identical to the final model used in subsequent analyses. These benchmarks suggest that inclusion of additional training samples would not have led to substantial improvements in performance.
Researchers have discovered a protein that could be used to indicate whether people's emotions and their memories can be changed or even forgotten. Long-term memories are divided into two categories: fact-based memory, such as names, places, and events, and instinctive memory such as emotions or skills. Instinctive memories can be modified, scientists believe, and such research may be able to help people suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The scientists at Cambridge University found that the presence of the "shank" protein acts as a support for receptors that determine how strong the connection is between various neurons and, as a result, may determine whether memories can be modified using the beta-blocker propranolol. If the protein is degraded, the memories become modifiable – although scientists are not yet clear whether it is directly involved in the memory breaking down, or if it's a product of a deeper reaction.
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Sometimes somebody says a thing that is both confounding and memorable. It sticks in your brain, adhering to your long-term memory like super glue -- maybe it's funny, maybe it's strange, but it's there. Anyway, what I'm saying here is that we, the collective internet, seem to be experiencing this with something musician Machine Gun Kelly (MGK) apparently said to his now-girlfriend actress Megan Fox. The first time they met, he told her, "I am weed." Naturally, the internet cannot stop joking about that and meme-ing it because, let's be real, that's strange and and hilarious.
For an empirical science, physics can be remarkably dismissive of some of our most basic observations. We see objects existing in definite locations, but the wave nature of matter washes that away. We perceive time to flow, but how could it, really? We feel ourselves to be free agents, and that's just quaint. Physicists like nothing better than to expose our view of the universe as parochial. But when asked why our impressions are so off, they mumble some excuse and slip out the side door of the party. Physicists, in other words, face the same hard problem of consciousness as neuroscientists do: the problem of bridging objective description and subjective experience. To relate fundamental theory to what we actually observe in the world, they must explain what it means "to observe"--to become conscious of. And they tend to be slapdash about it. They divide the world into "system" and "observer," study the former intensely, and take the latter for granted--or, worse, for a fool.
Intelligence comes in many forms. It's what we use to measure a person's intelligence quotient. Developed in France in the early 1900s, it is as a way of tracking a child's intellectual growth. It is supposed to tell you how smart you are. Then there is emotional intelligence, known as EQ, which measures how well you relate to others -- how you assess emotional cues and respond to the feelings of others, known in business lingo as "how you read the room."