Evolutionary Systems


An algorithm customizes exoskeletons to fit a person's needs

Engadget

After all, a powered exoskeleton could change the lives of people who have mobility issues, whether due to age, injury or disease. Adapting them to individual humans is a difficult and time-consuming process. Rather than calibrate the device once and use it on all the participants, though, the researchers had the participants walk on a treadmill while the powered exoskeleton helped. Not only is this genetic algorithm important for creating exoskeletons that can fit a wider number of people, but it also hints that we may be able to create more complex assistive devices.


Why Swarm Intelligence is a Better Way to Read Emotions

@machinelearnbot

Take ants, for example: each performs a simple task that helps that hive work as a complex system. Vendors have been talking about emotion measurement for at least the last 5 years, but most of them have been trying to build and deploy monolithic "emotion" measuring systems that work with either complex inputs or "overall" emotion analysis. Swarm intelligence isn't expected to understand all of the special cases: it's just machine learning with a narrow specialization. We know that AI and machine learning will change the world – and swarm intelligence is one of the types of AI that will bring about this change.



China's AI Advances for Drones to Enable 'Swarm Intelligence' Collection

#artificialintelligence

The CETC said "swarm intelligence" is regarded as the core of the artificial intelligence of unmanned systems and the future of intelligent unmanned systems. CETC engineer Zhao Yanjie said since drones were invented in 1917, intelligent swarms have "changed the rules of the game." There were over 100,000 drones in China in 2015, with the number multiplying each year, people.cn reported in February. The drone market in China is expected to reach 75 billion yuan ($11 billion) by 2025, according to an iResearch report last year, Xinhua reported.


Traffic Wouldn't Jam If Drivers Behaved Like Ants - Facts So Romantic

Nautilus

Every time drivers travel down a path, Waze tracks their speed--information that can then be broadcast to every following driver. The Belgian researcher Marco Dorigo is credited with the first work, in the early 1990s, in what is now broadly called "ant colony optimization" (usually shorted to ACO), a strategy for organizing movement largely based on actual ant behavior. In a 2012 paper, civil engineers from Texas A&M University wanted to see if ant colony optimization held its ground against a "genetic algorithm" approach for a common problem in traffic engineering: How to best coordinate timing for groups of traffic signals when traffic had reached "oversaturation" levels. Varying proportions of citronella oil--which ants intensely dislike--were added to the chamber ("All efforts were made to minimize suffering"), and the scientists tracked how ants exited the chamber.


What you are too afraid to ask about Artificial Intelligence (Part I): Machine Learning

#artificialintelligence

In addition to the present classification, machine learning algorithms can be classified based on the output they produce: classification algorithms; regressions; clustering methods; density estimation; and dimensionality reduction methods. There exist many types of ANNs up to date, but the most known ones are Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs); Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs); and Biological Neural Networks (BNNs). It is an evolutionary computing search optimization method that starts from a base population of candidate solutions and makes them evolving according to the "survival of the fittest" principle. In this context, the previous terminology acquires a slightly different connotation: reproduction means copying another computer model from existing population; cross-over means randomly recombining chosen parts of two computer programs, and mutation is a random replacement of chosen functional or terminal node.


Bio-Inspired Artificial Intelligence

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When: Wed, May 10, 7:00pm – 8:30pm, 2017 The talk will provide a basic introduction to artificial intelligence focusing on how biology contributes to the field. Speaker Tomás Maul is Head of the School of Computer Science at University of Nottingham Malaysia. The talk will provide a basic introduction to artificial intelligence focusing on how biology contributes to the field. Speaker Tomás Maul is Head of the School of Computer Science at University of Nottingham Malaysia.


What do cognitive science and swarm intelligence have in common?

#artificialintelligence

John McCarthy was a computer science and cognitive scientist who coined the term artificial intelligence. A team of six people has 15 lines of communication, a team of seven people has 21, and a team of nine people has 36 lines of communication [n members in a group produces n(n-1)/2 lines of communication]. The autocratic style worked when the leader merely observed the boys' behavior. Before exploring the benefits of dynamic systems and chaos theory, we must apply the principles of artificial intelligence, mass collaboration and group dynamics to expand our knowledge of how systems self-organize.


Artificial Intelligence in Exponential Health – Aalok Yashwant Shukla – Medium

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Neural Networks – e.g systems modelled on the brain & nervous system these are often used in deep learning systems and are used in character recognition, time series prediction, expert systems and classification Evolutionary computing – e.g systems modelled on evolutionary programming, evolution strategies and genetic algorithms used to solve complex real world problems e.g in populations or swarms Computer Vision – e.g systems enabling object recognition, image understanding and augmented reality used to automate vision based problem solving. Speech processing – e.g systems that enable speech to text transcription, speech recognition, voice based automation & identification and speech production Natural language processing – e.g systems that simulate the human ability to read and understand language such as used in machine language translation, question answering and chatbots. The processing power of AI based systems is incredible, IBM's Watson can read 200 million pages of text in 3 seconds. The processing power of AI based systems is incredible, IBM's Watson can read 200 million pag


Why swarm intelligence enhances business and Bitcoin

#artificialintelligence

Whether we're talking about nature, humans or robots, swarm intelligence creates a virtual platform to enable distributed engagement from system users. We must build social systems when we design intelligent systems. Let's collect lessons from nature, insights from humans and the unified benefits of intelligent systems and create something smarter than ourselves. Instead of creating and designing complete intelligence systems, maybe we should apply simple rules to form collections of behaviors or swarms.