Social Issues


Notes from Reality: The Philosophy of AI Ethics

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Notes from Reality is a series of posts on AI and its impact on humans, what can be done today, and what may happen tomorrow. No one has all the answers, but we are trying to arrive at the right questions.


Take 5: How Humans Benefit as Machines Get Smarter

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In a recent study, Kellogg's Eli Finkel and colleagues had participants share a difficult personal story to a robot named Travis. When Travis reacted by moving and displaying supportive text, participants rated it as more social and competent. In a recent podcast, Ferrucci describes a future where humans and computers grow up together. The team found that traders made less lucrative trades when they were in a highly emotional state or a low emotional state.


8 Ways Machine Learning Is Improving Companies' Work Processes

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Today's leading organizations are using machine learning-based tools to automate decision processes, and they're starting to experiment with more-advanced uses of artificial intelligence (AI) for digital transformation. Last year alone saw $5 billion in machine learning venture investment. Machine learning enables a company to reimagine end-to-end business processes with digital intelligence – and the potential is enormous. Prepare for your business's future by taking a look at some concrete examples of how AI and machine learning are creating value in companies today and which considerations should be addressed to fully realize them.


The Future of Artificial Intelligence and Cybernetics

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For example, if the robot brain has roughly the same number of human neurons as a typical human brain, then could it, or should it, have rights similar to those of a person? Also, if such robots have far more human neurons than in a typical human brain--for example, a million times more neurons--would they, rather than humans, make all future decisions? With those cases, the situation isn't straightforward, as patients receive abilities that normal humans don't have--for example, the ability to move a cursor on a computer screen using nothing but neural signals. It's clear that connecting a human brain with a computer network via an implant could, in the long term, open up the distinct advantages of machine intelligence, communication, and sensing abilities to the individual receiving the implant.


The Three Way Race to the Future of AI. Quantum vs. Neuromorphic vs. High Performance Computing

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High Performance Computing is available today but so are new commercial versions of actual Quantum computers and Neuromorphic Spiking Neural Nets. Basically that's meant two things: better general purpose environments like TensorFlow, and greater utilization of GPUs and FPGAs in larger and larger data centers, with the promise of even more specialized chips not too far away. During the first six months of 2016, literally just 12 months ago, essentially every major player in AI made their AI platforms open source. These improvements will make it faster and easier to program for more reliably good results, and faster chips in particular should make the raw machine compute time shorter.


84% of Execs: Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Healthcare

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"AI is like a smart sponge--the more data it absorbs, the more intelligent it gets," Accenture says. "As data from personal health devices, internet of health things solutions, DNA testing, genome sequencing, electronic medical records and more informs AI tools, clinicians will have keener ability to offer predictive recommendations based on a holistic view of the patient that learns over time."


How AI Is Transforming Accounting

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Thanks to advancements in artificial intelligence that include rapidly increasing AI's ability to process data, learn from it and draw increasingly complex conclusions, accountants are seeing a major change in their field. Forbes says that the accounting industry must adapt to a solutions based method rather than a tools based method - that is, companies are quickly moving towards a cloud-based operation to access tools more universally, so what they need to be offering customers as a selling point are the solutions to financial problems that they can come up with. But increasingly complex skills are getting automated thanks to artificial intelligence's advancements. But it doesn't necessarily mean that accountants will then struggle to make ends meet - with prices dropping, more and more small businesses can seek accounting services for their industries, which means the potential customer base can expand significantly.


What My 90-Year-Old Mom Taught Me About The Future Of AI In Health Care

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The plan was to have her watch her weight daily, and every time there was any sign of increased fluid, to recommend an extra dose -- an extra pill -- of Lasix, to restore her fluid balance. On the other hand, a friend's father, a physician, had defied the odds and lived for decades with severe heart failure by weighing himself daily and adjusting his medications accordingly. If her weight increases by more than 1 pound in one day, recommend one extra Lasix pill. If the weight does not return to normal by the second day after the extra dose, then give one additional dose the third day.


The Future of Artificial Intelligence and Cybernetics

#artificialintelligence

For example, if the robot brain has roughly the same number of human neurons as a typical human brain, then could it, or should it, have rights similar to those of a person? Also, if such robots have far more human neurons than in a typical human brain--for example, a million times more neurons--would they, rather than humans, make all future decisions? With those cases, the situation isn't straightforward, as patients receive abilities that normal humans don't have--for example, the ability to move a cursor on a computer screen using nothing but neural signals. It's clear that connecting a human brain with a computer network via an implant could, in the long term, open up the distinct advantages of machine intelligence, communication, and sensing abilities to the individual receiving the implant.


How Artificial Intelligence is Redefining the Future of Work

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Oncology teams currently review cancer patient cases and studies themselves, working diligently to develop treatment strategies. After reading twenty-five million medical studies and trials (its first week on the job, mind you) and scanning the internet for additional trial information, Watson was put to the test, analyzing one thousand actual oncology cases alongside oncology review teams. This announcement opens new horizons for their employees, as well as another opportunity to develop Watson through actual case studies. "The system can be utilized to drive key insights from massive amounts of information, and it can learn how to present it in a useful way as it learns."