IBM's Watson system beat two former Jeopardy! game show champions on television February 14-16, 2011. Details of the Match in the NY Times story Computer Wins on Jeopardy!: Trivial, It's Not. (Feb. 17, 2011).
As we embark on the next decade of innovations in AI, Daniel Pitchford looks back at the five biggest industry milestones of the 2010s, how they impacted investment in the sector and how they've shaped the advance of technology. The 2010s will be known for the advent of one of the most powerful technologies on the planet – Artificial Intelligence. Over the next decade, as more funding is made available for its development and it becomes more accepted by companies and consumers alike, it is worth reviewing some of the major milestones over the last decade that have made this advancement possible. The game is on, Watson: IBM's Jeopardy triumph The first major milestone of AI hitting the mainstream was when IBM's "super-computer" Watson beat long-standing Jeopardy champions Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter in 2011. Watson won the $1m TV game show with $77,147, leaving Jennings and Ruttner far behind at $24,000 and $21,600 respectively.
"The challenges of machine learning have long been tied to games as a testbed for computer intelligence." Jeopardy Champion Emma Boettcher's Master's paper on using text mining to predict how hard a Jeopardy clue might be didn't win her a title on its own, but it is an interesting thought experiment. Futurism's mission is to empower our readers and drive the development of transformative technologies towards maximizing human potential.
As she met her fellow captains and competitors, all multiweek winners on the game show (including me), she was surprised how familiar everyone seemed to be with each other. Back in 2014, when she made her first appearance, "I didn't know a single person who had ever been on the show," Julia told me. But this time, she marveled, "everyone else seems to have known each other, either personally or by reputation, for decades." They shared years of experience on Jeopardy's secret farm team: quiz bowl. Of the 18 "All-Stars" in the tourney, all but Julia and two others had played the academic competition known as quiz bowl in high school or college.
Last night was full of surprises. Surprise number two: Eric Trump can successfully answer a Jeopardy! SEE ALSO: Just 13 very upsetting photos of Donald Trump Jr. Not only does this famously intelligent person get the answer correct (brother in law), he also answers the question in the form of a question. He goes on to add suggestive emoji of a fist punching the American flag.
IBM Research undertook a challenge to build a computer system that could compete at the human champion level in real time on the American TV quiz show, Jeopardy. The extent of the challenge includes fielding a real-time automatic contestant on the show, not merely a laboratory exercise. The Jeopardy Challenge helped us address requirements that led to the design of the DeepQA architecture and the implementation of Watson. After three years of intense research and development by a core team of about 20 researchers, Watson is performing at human expert levels in terms of precision, confidence, and speed at the Jeopardy quiz show. Our results strongly suggest that DeepQA is an effective and extensible architecture that can be used as a foundation for combining, deploying, evaluating, and advancing a wide range of algorithmic techniques to rapidly advance the field of question answering (QA).
Almost every word has more than one meaning. Modern search engines solve this problem using knowledge bases. Yago was one of the first knowledge bases, developed by scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Informatics in Saarbrücken and the Télécom ParisTech in Paris. Last week, the researchers received an award for their work on Yago from the most important scientific journal in the field of artificial intelligence. Today, they are releasing Yago's source code.
Of course this is the Watson that was built by IBM to understand answers on Jeopardy and come up with the right questions. Since his appearance on the game show in 2011, IBM has expanded Watson's talents, building on the algorithms that allow him to read and derive meaning from natural language. And among other functions, IBM adapted Watson for use in medicine. Toronto Western, part of the University Health Network, is the first hospital in Canada to use Watson for research in Parkinson's, a neurological disorder. The centre has a track record of running clinical trials for off-label drug use, which means taking a drug approved for treatment of one condition and repurposing it for another.
David Ferrucci will deliver a keynote at the O'Reilly Artificial Intelligence Conference in NYC, June 26-29, 2017. His colleague Jennifer Chu-Caroll will also give a talk, "Beyond the state of the art in reading comprehension," at the same conference. Subscribe to the O'Reilly Data Show Podcast to explore the opportunities and techniques driving big data, data science, and AI. Find us on Stitcher, TuneIn, iTunes, SoundCloud, RSS. In this episode of the Data Show, I spoke with David Ferrucci, founder of Elemental Cognition and senior technologist at Bridgewater Associates.