Our data and analysis show that as of 2015, 478 billion of the 749 billion working hours (64 percent) spent on manufacturing-related activities globally were automatable with currently demonstrated technology.1 1.The baseline we used to determine which manufacturing activities are "automatable" is "current activities" as defined by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Just over half of all working hours in the United States are spent on activities that are the most susceptible to automation: performing physical activities and operating machinery in a predictable environment, and collecting or processing data (exhibit). Since these and other constituent activities each have a different automation potential, we have arrived at our estimates of automatability for the sector (64 percent of total working hours spent on manufacturing-related activities globally, 87 percent of hours spent on activities performed by workers in production occupations, and 45 percent of hours spent in nonproduction activities) by examining the time workers in manufacturing spend on each of them during the workweek. Considering that 68 percent of the automatable manufacturing hours in the developing world (and 62 percent of automatable labor value) are in China and India alone, we see potential for major automation-driven disruption in India and China, although how long that could take will depend, in part, on the speed with which the costs of automation solutions fall to below wage levels in these countries.
The most quoted study that estimates jobs susceptible to automation is the work by Carl Frey and Michael Osborne (so-called FO) The Future of Employment published in 2013 by Oxford University. Machines support automation of specific skills and abilities that these occupations entail. For instance, the social perceptiveness skill has the importance rank of 88 and a global level rank of 77 for psychiatrists. Instead of focusing on average tasks structures for occupations that O*NET provides, AGZ assumed that every job is different across companies, industries, and countries.
CHENNAI, India, Aug 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - With more than 20 million humans working as modern slaves, a technology developer is hoping artificial intelligence will help clean up the world's supply chains and root out worker abuse. Developer Padmini Ranganathan said mobile phones, media reports and surveillance cameras can all be mined for real-time data, which can in turn be fed into machines to create artificial intelligence (AI) that helps companies see more clearly what is happening down the line. Modern-day slavery has come under increasing scrutiny in recent year, putting regulatory and consumer pressure on companies to ensure their supply chains are free from forced labour, child workers and other forms of slavery. Ranganathan works for information technology services company SAP Ariba, which helps companies better manage their procurement processes.
However, Damore says that before he was fired, he filed a complaint, formally known as a charge, with the National Labor Relations Board, which administers some aspects of federal labor law. Under the National Labor Relations Act, it's against federal law to fire someone in retaliation for filing a complaint to the board, lawyers say. Damore says he also plans to invoke a California law that bars employers from retaliating against workers who complain about illegal working conditions. Wagner says that under California law, the burden of proof may fall on Google to show that it didn't retaliate against Damore for posting the memo complaining about discrimination, rather than on Damore to prove that he was retaliated against.
It's used to train algorithms for things like sentiment analysis, predictive typing, automatic proofreading, and so on. In an analysis of 150 years of British periodicals, researchers were able to accurately detect changes in society: When electricity replaced steam; when trains replaced horses; epidemics; wars; and so on. Here's a chart of 50 jobs analyzed in the study, showing how strongly that job is associated with the female gender, and what the actual gender representation is: It makes technically good predictions that are morally bad. But at the same time, this gender bias is actually an accurate representation of the data; analyzing it over time, we could even predict a trendline of changes.
Within the next five to ten years, the onset of automation and artificial intelligence (AI) will lead to a revolution of the legal industry that will likely transform that model completely. It is widely acknowledged that AI will eventually change the legal industry, and automation will over time replace certain functions: lawyers will be able to perform their current tasks far more accurately and effectively. Indeed, if and when AI progresses to a very high level of intelligence, a large part of a lawyer's work will shift from providing legal advice to instead marketing: trying to retain clients and attract new ones and working closely with them to understand their needs. From a client perspective, if the work which lawyers currently carry out shifts towards spending more time working on their relationships with them -- including how to more efficiently and innovatively invoice them -- then, ultimately, that will lead to greater value for clients.
When former Tesla employee AJ Vandermeyden sued the company for ignoring complaints of discrimination and "pervasive harassment," the self-driving vehicle maker downplayed her claims. "They just want to absolutely crush anyone who speaks up," Vandermeyden told The Guardian. Technology companies have been under fire lately for a string of high-profile sexual discrimination lawsuits lately, including Uber, Magic Leap, Konami and Tinder. Uber has since investigated the problem, firing more than 20 employees for harassment, while Magic Leap settled its own case.
Furthermore, data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that almost 200,000 construction jobs were unfilled in the United States alone as of February 2017. To sum, a lingering inefficiency seems to plague the industry, and it could be remedied through the use of automated systems and machines. These include a mobile construction worker, as well as a mobile 3D-printer, both of which are capable of adjusting to their immediate environment. Almost always, these AI construction systems are able to finish their tasks more efficiently and quickly than their human counterparts, so construction seems to be a nice fit for automation.
Although people of both genders struggle with age discrimination, research has shown women begin to experience age discrimination in hiring practices before they reach 50, whereas men don't experience it until several years later. Just as technology is causing barriers inside the workplace for older employees, online applications and search engines could be hurting older workers looking for jobs. Many applications have required fields asking for date of birth and high school graduation, something many older employees choose to leave off their resumes. Furthermore, McCann said, some search engines allow people to filter their search based on high school graduation date, thereby allowing employers and employees to screen people and positions out of the running.
"The fact that every country in the world has made forced labor illegal, the acknowledgement alone has made companies realize they cannot take this lightly," said Padmini Ranganathan, the vice president of products and innovation at Ariba. The artificial intelligence program Ranganathan and her team created is similar to risk analysis. "The vast majority of data around supply chain systems is garbage," said Kohl Gill, the founder and CEO of LaborVoices, a company that gathers data directly from thousands of workers in countries like Bangladesh and Turkey to support safe work environments. She said the fact that machine learning can flag and report labor abuse in real time, instead of the usual months or years-long analysis, could help companies take more immediate action.