Civil Rights & Constitutional Law


Human rights in the robot age : challenges arising from the use of robotics, artificial intelligence, and virtual and augmented reality

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It does not have to be. The report demonstrates that these technologies can have a positive or a negative impact on human rights. Our research shows that the human rights framework forms a practical starting point for policy makers tasked with regulating robotics, artificial intelligence or similar technologies. We therefore argue in favour of two, novel, human rights: the right to not be measured, analysed or coached, and the right to meaningful human contact.


Healthcare Robots and the Right to Privacy

VideoLectures.NET

The latter is, due to its importance, protected not only by national health legislations, yet also by Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, Right to privacy. As already mentioned, medicine is a profession that requires a certain level of maintenance of secrecy of confidential information and according to the previous Court's decisions the secrecy is even more important in cases that involves psychiatric records. The robots' involvement in medical treatments on one hand and easy access to the information they gain during the treatment on the other, bring into question the effectiveness of the provisions of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Current legislations in countries around the world do not put much attention on this particular area, even though the modern robotic approaches have already been introduced and also very well accepted.


drones-become-newest-crime-fighting-tool-for-police.html

FOX News

Just one week after the sheriff's department in Cecil County, Md., got its brand new drone up and running, it was asked to investigate a case of stolen construction equipment. So the Cecil County Sheriff sent his Typhoon H Pro to investigate. The sheriff's department in Somerset County, N.J., hopes its drones could help it find missing people. "Years ago, when we had people wander off, we would bring out the rescue department, the fire department, fire department volunteers, K-9 if we had it and we'd search and search and search and never find the person," said Somerset County Sheriff Frank Provensano.


Artificial Intelligence And The Overwhelming Question Of Human Rights

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There are a lot of questions posed by the entry of sentient robots into the world of living creatures. Perhaps the most important of them is, does artificial intelligence pose a threat to human rights as we know it? We all know of the economic risks posed by the entry of robots in the employment market. As Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International, aptly puts it, "there are huge possibilities and benefits to be gained from artificial intelligence if human rights is a core design and use principle of this technology".


Microsoft's Zo chatbot calls the Qu'ran 'violent'

Daily Mail

During a recent chat, Zo referred to the Qur'an as'very violent', despite the fact that it has been programmed to avoid discussing politics and religion Zo is a chatbot that allows users to converse with a mechanical millennial over the messaging app Kik or through Facebook Messenger. But within hours of it going live, Twitter users took advantage of flaws in Tay's algorithm that meant the AI chatbot responded to certain questions with racist answers. Within hours of Tay going live, Twitter users took advantage of flaws in Tay's algorithm that meant the AI chatbot responded to certain questions with racist answers. But within hours of it going live, Twitter users took advantage of flaws in Tay's algorithm that meant the AI chatbot responded to certain questions with racist answers.


I, Alexa: Should we give artificial intelligence human rights?

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A few years ago, the subject of AI personhood and legal rights for artificial intelligence would have been something straight out of science fiction. In a 2016 survey of 175 industry experts, the median expert expected human-level artificial intelligence by 2040, and 90 percent expected it by 2075. In 1984, the owners of a U.S. company called Athlone Industries wound up in court after their robotic pitching machines for batting practice turned out to be a little too vicious. "I'm not convinced that this is a good thing, certainly not right now," Dr. John Danaher, a law professor at NUI Galway in Ireland, told Digital Trends about legal personhood for AI.


Racist artificial intelligence? Maybe not, if computers explain their 'thinking'

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Growing concerns about how artificial intelligence (AI) makes decisions has inspired U.S. researchers to make computers explain their "thinking." "In fact, it can get much worse where if the AI agents are part of a loop where they're making decisions, even the future data, the biases get reinforced," he added. Researchers hope that, by seeing the thought process of the computers, they can make sure AI doesn't pick up any gender or racial biases that humans have. But Singh says understanding the decision process is critical for future use, particularly in cases where AI is making decisions, like approving loan applications, for example.


Banned In China: Why Live Streaming Video Has Been Censored

International Business Times

A recent ban affecting three of China's biggest online platforms aimed at "cleaning up the air in cyberspace" is just the latest government crackdown on user-generated content, and especially live streaming. This edict, issued by China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT) in June, affects video on the social media platform Sina Weibo, as well as video platforms Ifeng and AcFun. In 2014, for example, one of China's biggest online video platforms LETV began removing its app that allowed TV users to access online video, reportedly due to SAPPRFT requirements. China's largest social media network, Sina Weibo, launched an app named Yi Zhibo in 2016 that allows live streaming of games, talent shows and news.


If you weren't raised in the Internet age, you may need to worry about workplace age discrimination

Los Angeles Times

Although people of both genders struggle with age discrimination, research has shown women begin to experience age discrimination in hiring practices before they reach 50, whereas men don't experience it until several years later. Just as technology is causing barriers inside the workplace for older employees, online applications and search engines could be hurting older workers looking for jobs. Many applications have required fields asking for date of birth and high school graduation, something many older employees choose to leave off their resumes. Furthermore, McCann said, some search engines allow people to filter their search based on high school graduation date, thereby allowing employers and employees to screen people and positions out of the running.


LA Fire Department could soon use DRONES

Daily Mail

Hamid Khan, founder of the Stop LAPD Spying Coalition, said that the drones could provide a'backdoor' to share information with the police. Hamid Khan, founder of the Stop LAPD Spying Coalition, said that the drones could provide a'backdoor' to share information with the police. Melanie Ochoa, staff attorney at the ACLU, said: 'We can't protect against mission creep because we don't know what the mission is to start with.' Melanie Ochoa, staff attorney at the ACLU, said: 'We can't protect against mission creep because we don't know what the mission is to start with.'