Law Enforcement & Public Safety


Facial Recognition Surveillance Now at a Privacy Tipping Point

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Much more rapidly than anyone originally thought possible, facial recognition technology has become part of the cultural mainstream. Facebook, for example, now uses AI-powered facial recognition software as part of its core social networking platform to identify people, while law enforcement agencies around the world have experimented with facial recognition surveillance cameras to reduce crime and improve public safety. But now it looks like society is finally starting to wake up to the immense privacy implications of real-time facial recognition surveillance. For example, San Francisco is now considering an outright ban on facial recognition surveillance. If pending legislation known as "Stop Secret Surveillance" passes, this would make San Francisco the first city ever to ban (and not just regulate) facial recognition technology.


How smart are Gmail's 'smart replies'?

The Guardian

The philosopher Jeremy Bentham was famed for his panopticon, a hypothetical circular prison that was designed in such a way that its inmates never knew whether or not they were being observed. This would, his theory went, encourage prisoners to presume they were always being watched, and thus act accordingly. No true version of the prison was ever really built, and the word itself only now lives on due to its prodigious utility within breathless op-eds about surveillance culture, mostly written by people who've already overused references to Orwell and Kafka. The genius of today's boring dystopia has been to offer this surveillance as a feature, not a bug; to cast that all-seeing-eye not as a malevolent shadowy jailer, but as the world's most boring personal assistant. Nowhere is this truer than with Gmail smart replies, the pocket panopticon that now resides in every inbox.


This Company Will Use Artificial Intelligence To Fight Wildfires

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As wildfires become tougher to control, one company is looking to fight the flames with tech. Compta Emerging Business is the winner of this year's Watson Build Competition sponsored by IBM. The Portugal-based company developed a solution that uses its patented spectrometric analysis technology to detect fires automatically within 5 minutes of ignition and within a range of up to 15 kilometers. "We are bringing artificial intelligence to the game so wildfires can be detected at the earliest stage," said Vasco Correia, Director of International Business at Compta. "We can detect very early and we can recommend firefighting measures."


Artificial Neural Networks and Neural Networks Applications - XenonStack

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Artificial Neural Networks are the computational models inspired by the human brain. Many of the recent advancements have been made in the field of Artificial Intelligence, including Voice Recognition, Image Recognition, Robotics using Artificial Neural Networks. These biological methods of computing are considered to be the next major advancement in the Computing Industry. The term'Neural' is derived from the human (animal) nervous system's basic functional unit'neuron' or nerve cells which are present in the brain and other parts of the human (animal) body. It receives signals from other neurons. It sums all the incoming signals to generate input.


Synchrony minds HR as it develops AI

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Synchrony Financial, a bank and a provider of cobranded credit card programs, is deploying artificial intelligence in myriad ways: It's using machine learning to detect fraudulent transactions, robotics process automation to handle mundane operations tasks, and a virtual assistant named Sydney to answer basic questions by text chat. "We'll see AI across the company," Margaret Keane, Synchrony's CEO, said in an interview. "We've taken an active stance and worked with McKinsey to study the areas of our company that could be most impacted." At the same time, Keane says, the company is trying to be conscientious about how these deployments will affect employees. "Some people are saying 40% of jobs will go away," she said.


'RoboCop' is a prescient satire worth revisiting

Mashable

There is no movie more prescient than RoboCop. The 1987 action movie may seem ridiculous on the surface -- a cop gets turned into a robot cop to fight crime in futuristic Detroit -- but it takes aim at some of the United States' biggest issues that are still affecting us today, including privatization of public institutions, gentrification, unchecked capitalism, corruption, and television media. SEE ALSO: I'll never quit'Hitman 2' if it keeps inviting me back for more Yes, RoboCop is over the top, but that's what makes it so fun. That, combined with its messages that still hold merit 32 years later, makes it worth revisiting. In RoboCop's version of the future, Detroit is basically a dystopia, riddled with crime and protected by an underfunded police department.


How AI Could Protect Your Business From Financial Fraud

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A milestone in the fight against corruption and corporate crime has been reached. Artificial intelligence (AI) has been making a big difference in nearly every industry and is changing all of our lives on a personal level, but to date, it hasn't curbed sophisticated white-collar crime. In this article, we will cover the world's first known case of an AI-enhanced investigation by a California audit services firm as it uncovered a real human CPA, a controller, committing over $2.8 million in fraudulent transactions. Not only will this change how accounting works, but it may also start restoring confidence in the profession and our financial institutions. Fraud has been and will continue to be a massive drain on the world's economy, with us as citizens bearing the brunt of its effects.


Hong Kong is testing high-tech monitoring systems for 'smart' prisons

Engadget

Prisons in Hong Kong are testing a variety of high-tech services that will allow correctional facilities to better track inmates, according to the South China Morning Post. The city's Commissioner of Correctional Services, Danny Woo Ying-min, claimed the new services will be used to monitor for abnormal behavior among the incarcerated, prevent self-harm, and operate the prisons more efficiently. The "smart prison" initiative includes strapping inmates with fitness tracker-style wristbands that monitor location and activity, including heart rate. Some facilities will also start to use video surveillance systems that can identify any unusual behavior, fights and attempts to inflict harm on one's self. Correctional Services is also testing robots that will be used to search for drugs in feces from inmates.


Machine learning innovations for fighting financial crime in an Open Banking era The Paypers

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The fight against financial crime is changing and banks are struggling to keep up. Financial institutions are already losing ground in the adoption of open banking initiatives like PSD2. Coupled with the increasing market demands for compliance and transparency brought on by regulations like the GDPR, it's clear that banks have a lot to deal with. The financial industry is quickly shifting towards real-time payments and instant services, two key aspects of a frictionless customer experience. However, these frameworks present serious challenges to the security side of things – particularly where financial crime is concerned.


Can artificial intelligence prevent the next Parkland shooting?

USATODAY

Students from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School walk through the Florida state Capitol in Tallahassee. Schools are increasingly turning to artificial intelligence-backed solutions to stop tragic acts of student violence such as the shooting at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, a year ago. Bark Technologies, Gaggle.Net, and Securly Inc. are three companies that employ AI and machine learning to scan student emails, texts, documents, and in some cases, social media activity. They look for warning signs of cyber bullying, sexting, drug and alcohol use, depression, and to flag students who may pose a violent risk not only to themselves, but classmates. When potential problems are found, and depending on the severity, school administrators, parents -- and under the most extreme cases -- law enforcement officials, are alerted.