Oncology


Deep Convolutional Neural Network–based Software Improves Radiologist Detection of Malignant Lung Nodules on Chest Radiographs

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Multicenter studies are required to validate the added benefit of using deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) software for detecting malignant pulmonary nodules on chest radiographs. To compare the performance of radiologists in detecting malignant pulmonary nodules on chest radiographs when assisted by deep learning–based DCNN software with that of radiologists or DCNN software alone in a multicenter setting. Investigators at four medical centers retrospectively identified 600 lung cancer–containing chest radiographs and 200 normal chest radiographs. Each radiograph with a lung cancer had at least one malignant nodule confirmed by CT and pathologic examination. Twelve radiologists from the four centers independently analyzed the chest radiographs and marked regions of interest. Commercially available deep learning–based computer-aided detection software separately trained, tested, and validated with 19 330 radiographs was used to find suspicious nodules. The radiologists then reviewed the images with the assistance of DCNN software.


Opportunities at the Intersection of Synthetic Biology, Machine Learning, and Automation

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A New Biology for a New Century Obstacles to an Exponential Increase in Synthetic Biology Productivity Machine Learning's Predictive Capabilities Machine Learning Needs Automation To Be Truly Effective Predictive Synthetic Biology Will Dramatically Impact Biology and Inspire Computer Science Biology has changed radically in the past two decades, transitioning from a descriptive science into a design science. The discovery of DNA as the repository of genetic information, and of recombinant DNA as an effective way to modify it, has first led into the development of genetic engineering and later the field of synthetic biology. Synthetic biology(1) goes beyond the historical practice of a biological research based on describing and cataloguing (e.g., Linnaean taxonomic classification or phylogenetic tree development), and aims to design biological systems to a given specification (e.g., production of a given amount of a medical drug or targeted invasion of a specific type of cancer cell). This transition into an industrialized synthetic biology is expected to affect most human activities, from improving human health, to producing renewable biofuels to combat climate change.(2) Some examples commercially available now include synthetic leather and spider silk, renewable biodiesel that propels the Rio de Janeiro public bus system, vegan burgers with meat taste, and sustainable skin-rejuvenating cosmetics.


Baystate Health's Innovation Arm, Life Image Partner on AI Initiative for Cancer Research & Treatment

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Baystate Health, a Boston-based integrated health system serving more than 800,000 patients in western New England, today announced a strategic partnership with Life Image, the largest medical evidence network providing access to points of care and curated clinical and imaging data, to develop novel AI tools that would help advance technical innovations in radiology, neurology and oncology. Life Image to Work with Baystate's Innovation Arm on AI Solutions Specifically, TechSpring, the innovation arm for Baystate, will work closely with Life Image to evaluate a number of AI solutions including those that promise to improve speed and accuracy in diagnosing blood clots in stroke patients; improve clinical pathways for physicians treating or diagnosing a patient by finding and comparing clinical criteria against a group of de-identified patients with similar clinical characteristics; and identify potential patient matches to oncology clinical trials in order to advance cancer research as well as give western New England residents better access to potentially life-saving treatments. Baystate launched TechSpring five years ago to accelerate innovation in healthcare informatics and technology in order to solve the challenges of healthcare. TechSpring provides technology companies access to a real, live health system using a proven process and platform to test and validate digital health solutions. "Baystate Health and TechSpring are excited to partner with Life Image on the next generation of healthcare technology with AI initiatives that have targeted use cases with high clinical utility and value," said Richard Hicks, MD, Department Chair of Radiology at Baystate.


Doctors Using AI for Cancer Diagnoses Is Sought By Millennial Parents

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Around the globe, a majority of Millennial parents say they are very likely to seek out a doctor using AI for cancer diagnoses should their child or a family member need such an evaluation. A majority of Millennial parents in China (94%), India (88%) and Brazil (78%) would be very likely to seek out a doctor using AI for cancer diagnoses for their child or a family member, while 59% of U.K. parents and 53% of U.S. parents are very likely to do so.


How an AI Scientist Turned Her Breast Cancer Diagnosis Into a Tool to Save Lives

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When artificial intelligence researcher Regina Barzilay was first diagnosed with breast cancer in 2014, she says she was struck by immediate questions: "Am I going to survive? What's going to happen to my son?" But soon, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology scientist began asking a broader one: Why couldn't her cancer have been diagnosed earlier? Barzilay's quest to find an answer would lead to a remarkable result: the development of an AI-based system for early detection of breast cancer, with the ability to predict whether a patient is likely to develop the disease in the next five years. A technology that had not yet penetrated the hospital setting now has the potential to save many thousands of lives each year.


AI scans for cancer - Web AI

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Artificial Intelligence is now being used to detect cancer in a pioneering procedure. A new blood test uses AI to quickly scan for brain tumours with 90 per cent accuracy. Scientist hope that this new diagnostic tool could be used by the NHS and hospitals worldwide. Brain tumours are hard to detect and cause symptoms that can be confused with other maladies. These ambiguous symptoms include headaches, memory loss and vision problems, with a scan being the only way to detect the cancerous cells.


News - Research in Germany

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming more common in clinical practice. Increased computing power, greater volumes of data generated, and progress in machine learning promise new possibilities in clinical research and patient care. However these developments also raise certain ethical and legal questions. How will the role of doctors and patients change if AI is used in diagnostic procedures? Who is responsible for the consequences of AI-assisted processes in clinical contexts?


A List of Artificial Intelligence Tools for Industry Specific

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Here's a look at industry specific companies that utilise various forms of artificial intelligence to solve some really interesting and particular problems for different markets. If you want to be included in any of the list don't forget to comment below. If you use Apple News or similar simple visit the site on a web browser to make comments. Imagia -- helps detect changes in cancer early Kuznech -- computer vision products range Lunit Inc. -- a range of medical imaging software Zebra Medical Vision -- medical imaging to help physicians and practitioners Aerial Achron -- automated UAV operations Airware -- drones for industrial purposes Alive.ai Developers, Studios and Consultants (only a few listed) Aitia Amplify Applied AI Blindspot Solutions Cogent Crossing Minds DSP Expert Systems Explosion Minds.ai


Radiology, News, Education, Service

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At RSNA 2019, attendees will have the opportunity to learn how artificial intelligence (AI) is transforming women's imaging, such as enhancing breast imaging, improving radiologists' workflow, and reducing recall rates with digital mammography. This year's conference will also feature presentations on shear-wave elastography, contrast-enhanced spectral mammography, and more. Presentations will highlight how AI can improve or enhance breast imaging, covering topics such as the use of deep learning to reduce digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) reading time and even further improve its cancer detection capability; the benefits of allowing AI algorithms to sift through mammograms and eliminate low-malignancy exams, thus improving radiologists' workflow; using AI as a tool to reduce the recall rate on digital mammography; and machine learning-based evaluation of DBT screening through the creation of customized synthesized 2D images. In fact, the RSNA plans to kick off the week with a Deep Learning Classroom session that's part of its AI Showcase, and the session will be repeated throughout the meeting. Yet even with all this interest in AI, RSNA 2019 will offer attendees a chance to explore a variety of other women's imaging matters as well.


Deep learning assists in detecting malignant lung cancers

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Radiologists assisted by deep-learning based software were better able to detect malignant lung cancers on chest X-rays, according to research published in the journal Radiology. "The average sensitivity of radiologists was improved by 5.2% when they re-reviewed X-rays with the deep-learning software," said Byoung Wook Choi, M.D., Ph.D., professor at Yonsei University College of Medicine, and cardiothoracic radiologist in the Department of Radiology in the Yonsei University Health System in Seoul, Korea. "At the same time, the number of false-positive findings per image was reduced." Dr. Choi said the characteristics of lung lesions including size, density, and location make the detection of lung nodules on chest X-rays more challenging. However, machine learning methods, including the implementation of deep convolutional neural networks (DCNN), have helped to improve detection.