Autism


Using Machine Learning to Detect Autism - Which-50

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California based company Cognoa is using machine learning to detect cognitive disorders in children up to 13 months earlier than traditional diagnosis methods. The company's VP of data science, Halim Abbas, told Which-50 a machine learning approach is ideal for detecting developmental delays. "Machine learning algorithms can ingest very large numbers of historical patient records, and use them to capture incredibly subtle patterns that might indicate the presence of cognitive disorders." "Highly resilient to noise and subjectivity" the process ultimately produces models that can approximate the understanding of what constitutes autism from the many different doctors who contributed to the dataset, Abbas said. "This allows Machine Learning screeners to succeed when applied at complex assessments like autism spectrum disorder, which can present a wide and highly variant set of behavioural phenotypes."


Using Machine Learning to Accurately Diagnose Childhood Autism Sooner

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Autism is a clinical diagnosis. There is no one test to diagnose autism. Depending on the type of medical professional diagnosing, typically the DSM-V (standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals in the U.S.) is used to diagnose by primary care physicians, neurologists, and psychiatrists. Additionally, a set of questions known as the ADI-R (Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised) and observations in a semi-structured assessment known as the ADOS (Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) are typically used by developmental pediatricians. The most recent numbers show the prevalence of autism at 1 in 68 people.


Promise seen in possible treatment for autism spectrum disorder

MIT News

This deletion is characterized by intellectual disability; impaired language, communication, and socialization skills; and autism spectrum disorder or ASD. Research from the laboratories of Mark Bear at MIT and Jacqueline Crawley at the University of California at Davis, has identified a potential therapeutic for ASD. Researchers found that R-Baclofen reverses cognitive deficits and improves social interactions in two lines of 16p11.2 The findings, published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, have the potential to treat humans with 16p11.2 "Our collaborative teams found that treatment with the drug R-baclofen improved scores on several learning and memory tasks, and on a standard assay of social behavior, in 16p11.2


Could this explain why boys more likely to have autism?

Daily Mail

It is a question that has long stumped researchers. But now light has been shed on why boys are more at risk of autism. University of Iowa scientists believe they have collected the first ever evidence of a'protective effect' in females. Trials on mice showed males who had a known genetic cause of autism showed signs of being on the spectrum. This genetic deletion, or a missing stretch of DNA, plays a role in one in every 200 cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), experts claim.


A Personal-Space Robot to Assist People With Social Anxiety

IEEE Spectrum Robotics Channel

And especially for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), social situations can be very challenging. Part of the difficulty lies in insufficient or excessive agency cues (nonverbal social signals that include gaze, facial expression, and personal distance), and while there's been a substantial amount of research towards helping people with ASD improve their cognitive skills, researchers in Japan are trying a different approach through a'comfortable information environment" called the Mobile Personal Space. The Mobile Personal Space (MPS) is a physical shell that completely encloses an individual with social anxiety. The researchers were able to conduct a "preliminary psychological experiment" with their prototype MPS system, but the results were "not good," author Kazunori Terada told us at an IROS poster session.



Sensitive robots can tell your gender from a handshake

Daily Mail

First results show a robot is capable of inferring someone's gender and personality in 75 per cent of cases simply by shaking hands (stock image) First results show that a robot is capable of inferring someone's gender and personality in 75 per cent of cases simply by shaking hands. The ENSTA research team have developed robots that can detect emotions and change their behaviour accordingly. The ENSTA robots detect emotions and change their behaviour accordingly. First results show a robot is capable of inferring someone's gender and personality in 75 per cent of cases simply by shaking hands.


A Robot Designed To Help Kids With Autism Learn Social Cues

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Using machine learning, Hoffman and the team at Google are working on designing ways for Blossom to act during different videos to help autistic kids learn key social cues. As robots become increasingly common in our offices, public spaces, and homes, designers have added everything from friendly faces to fur to make the devices more approachable. "In the end, we love warm, organic materials, things made of wood and natural materials like wool or fabric," Hoffman says. "Why aren't social robots also made from these materials?"



Thanks to AI, Computers Can Now See Your Health Problems

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The child had ear infection after ear infection and trouble breathing at night. What had taken Patient Number Two's doctors 16 years to find took Face2Gene just a few minutes. The RightEye GeoPref Autism Test can identify the early stages of autism in infants as young as 12 months--the crucial stages where early intervention can make a big difference. But machine learning hears what doctor's can't: Signs of cognitive impairment in speech.