Immunology


AI Research Is in Desperate Need of an Ethical Watchdog

#artificialintelligence

Stanford's review board approved Kosinski and Wang's study. "The vast, vast, vast majority of what we call'big data' research does not fall under the purview of federal regulations," says Metcalf. Take a recent example: Last month, researchers affiliated with Stony Brook University and several major internet companies released a free app, a machine learning algorithm that guesses ethnicity and nationality from a name to about 80 percent accuracy. The group also went through an ethics review at the company that provided training list of names, although Metcalf says that an evaluation at a private company is the "weakest level of review that they could do."


ai-research-is-in-desperate-need-of-an-ethical-watchdog

WIRED

Stanford's review board approved Kosinski and Wang's study. "The vast, vast, vast majority of what we call'big data' research does not fall under the purview of federal regulations," says Metcalf. Take a recent example: Last month, researchers affiliated with Stony Brook University and several major internet companies released a free app, a machine learning algorithm that guesses ethnicity and nationality from a name to about 80 percent accuracy. The group also went through an ethics review at the company that provided training list of names, although Metcalf says that an evaluation at a private company is the "weakest level of review that they could do."


How maps and machine learning are helping to eliminate malaria

#artificialintelligence

Today is World Malaria Day, a moment dedicated to raising awareness and improving access to tools to prevent malaria. DiSARM (Disease Surveillance and Risk Monitoring), a project led by the Malaria Elimination Initiative and supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Clinton Health Access Initiative, is fighting the spread of malaria by mapping the places where malaria could occur. Between 2000–2014, reported malaria cases in Swaziland decreased by 99 percent, and in 2015, Swaziland reported fewer than 400 local cases. When a small number of cases in a region remain, precise intervention is required to fully eliminate malaria, and DiSARM can help fully close the gap.


The Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

#artificialintelligence

AI has been applied to object, face, speech and handwriting recognition; virtual reality and image processing; natural language processing, chatbots and translation; email spam filtering, robotics and data mining. Health chatbots can answer health-related questions and even help patients manage medications by providing information on types of medications and recommended doses. AI is leading to advancements in healthcare treatments, such as improving the organization of treatment plans, analyzing data to provide better treatment plans, and monitoring treatments. In this day and age when people expect to get answers instantly, virtual assistants enable patients to get answers in real time.


Africa Leads the World on Drone Delivery: Flights to Begin in Tanzania in 2018

IEEE Spectrum Robotics Channel

Zipline, a pioneering drone startup that began delivering blood packs to Rwanda's remote hospitals in October 2016, today announced a major expansion into Tanzania. In early 2018 the company will begin flying its delivery drones to more than 1000 health care facilities around Tanzania, bringing urgently needed medicines and supplies to big hospitals and tiny rural clinics alike. He ticks off the hard parts of operating an automated, drone-delivery system at national scale: making sure all regulatory issues are resolved; finding and training a local team to operate the distribution centers; spreading word to doctors and health care workers about the service; and communicating with people in towns and villages who see the drones whizzing overhead. In Rwanda, Zipline has flown 1,400 delivery flights since service began in October 2016.


Zipline Launches Medical Supply Drone Deliveries in Tanzania

WIRED

Desperate, the doctors called a distribution center near Kigali, where clinic workers and a flight crew loaded a series of small, unmanned aircraft with the needed supplies and launched them into the sky. The Tanzanian government wants to make as many as 2,000 daily deliveries from four distribution centers serving an area roughly the size of Texas and Louisiana. Each can carry 3 pounds of cargo (one unit of blood weighs roughly 1.2 pounds), and the batteries can make a round trip of 100 miles. Zipline makes a habit of recruiting and training local engineers, health workers, and flight operators.


AI and robots will take our jobs - but better ones will emerge for us

#artificialintelligence

In general, the current technological revolution is displacing those workers whose jobs consisted of routine, repeatable tasks. Roughly 50 per cent of jobs in the US economy have been replaced with new forms of labour every 60 to 90 years.1 Technological unemployment is always scary because it's hard to understand what the future will hold. Imagine that you are an average American living in the late 19th century: a time when workplace fatalities were 30 times more likely than current levels, there were rampant disease outbreaks of typhoid, cholera, and tuberculosis, and many farmers were barely able to sell enough crops to survive. Construction of new habitats on the Moon and Mars will create colony design, terraforming jobs, and work building vehicles to handle the new terrain.


The Moral History of Air-Conditioning

The Atlantic

In 1851, a Florida doctor named John Gorrie received a patent for the first ice machine. He'd been trying to alleviate high fevers in malaria patients with cooled air. To this end, he designed an engine that could pull in air, compress it, then run it through pipes, allowing the air to cool as it expanded. It wasn't until the pipes on Gorrie's machine unexpectedly froze and began to develop ice that he found a new opportunity.


Microsoft speaks to the ethics of AI

#artificialintelligence

Heiner outlined industry's need for an ethical framework that applies in four key areas: To address some of these concerns, the technology industry is now banding together to make some headway on a number of policy and ethicical issues. Fairness, Accountability and Transparency in Machine Learning (FAT/ML) is a community that includes representatives from Microsoft Research, Google, the University of Utah, Haverford College, and Cloudflare. There is also the Partnership on AI to benefit people and society which is focused on enabling knowledge exchange within the industry and on developing best practices in area such as transparency, safety and reliability. Eric Horvitz, technical fellow, AI and Research and head of Microsoft Research's Global Labs, also spoke at length on the inherent value of AI for social good in his presentation AI for People & Society.


Demystifying Big Data and Machine Learning for Healthcare in South Africa - #hcsmSA

#artificialintelligence

T1: Why is Big Data, Analytics, or Artificial Intelligence (#AI) important to e-Health? These data points could include a patient's Electronic Health Record (EHR), as discussed in a previous chat with Meditech South Africa, external points like social media (web 2.0), digital wearables, mobile applications, web 1.0 sites such as medical journals, or search engine demographic insights, implants, virtual gear, smartphone sensors, digital platforms, environmental sensors such as in smart homes or smart cities, also referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT/web 3.0). As our panel expert, Prashant Natarajan writes in his book "Demystifying Big Data and Machine Learning for Healthcare", there are various issues to consider when designing a strategy which includes the 5 V's (Velocity, Veracity, Volume, Value and Variety), as we evolve from analytics 1.0 to analytics 3.0 and a more sophisticated computing system. Join the #hcsmSA Twitter chat again on the 28th of September when we discuss Cancer in South Africa with panel experts Ceo from Campaign 4 Cancer South Africa and Breast Cancer Advocate Addi Lang from The Forever Changed Campaign.