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Baidu Research: 10 Technology Trends in 2021 - KDnuggets

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While global economic and social uncertainties in 2020 caused significant stress, progress in intelligent technologies continued. The digital and intelligent transformation of all industries significantly accelerated, with AI technologies showing great potential in combatting COVID-19 and helping people resume work. Understanding future technology trends may never have been as important as it is today. Baidu Research is releasing our prediction of the 10 technology trends in 2021, hoping that these clear technology signposts will guide us to embrace the new opportunities and embark on new journeys in the age of intelligence. In 2020, COVID-19 drove the integration of AI and emerging technologies like 5G, big data, and IoT.


Why Artificial Intelligence is Critical in the Race to SDG Achievement

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Seven years have passed since world leaders met in New York and agreed on 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to solve major challenges such as poverty, hunger, inequality, climate change and health. The pandemic has undoubtedly diverted attention from some of these issues in the last couple of years. But even before COVID-19, the UN was warning that progress in meeting the SDGs was not advancing at the speed or scale needed. Greeting them in 2030 will be difficult. The pandemic has demonstrated like nothing else the power of working collaboratively, across borders, for the benefit of society.


Swoop Aero gets green light from Australian aviation authority for drone centre

ZDNet

Since completing a degree in journalism, Aimee has had her fair share of covering various topics, including business, retail, manufacturing, and travel. She continues to expand her repertoire as a tech journalist with ZDNet. Drone company Swoop Aero has been given the thumbs up by Australia's Civil Aviation and Safety Authority (CASA) to operate its drone logistics remote operations centre (ROC) at the company's campus in Port Melbourne Victoria. According to the company, the approval means the company will be able to "operate like an international airliner" and centralise its operations in one facility, including remotely monitoring its global operations across Oceania, Africa, and Europe, as well as pilot up to five drones by a single pilot beyond the physical view of the aircraft through a web interface. "The ROC will serve as an important function to foster complete visibility of drone operations. From a regulatory perspective, the ROC ensures Swoop Aero is meeting the highest aviation and safety standards at a global level," Swoop Aero chief regulatory officer Zachary Kennedy said.


Tech including AI increasingly used for Human Resources and Hiring

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It has been two years since the covid-19 pandemic began in the March of 2020. There have been a number of changes since then in the world of Human Resources and hiring.


Five Rules for Fixing AI in Business

#artificialintelligence

Companies struggle to use AI to improve the way their businesses operate, a challenge that can be mitigated by following five rules. There are two faces to the machine-learning component of artificial intelligence algorithms. There are the gee-whiz competitions in which data grand masters, given fixed rules, design algorithms that set in motion a race to solve aspects of complex problems like HIV or traffic forecasting. Open-source libraries have been created to house the winning solutions, allowing parts of them to be used again in future contests. Because speed is crucial, automated data manipulation and pattern identification are frequently employed. The other face of machine learning involves the more real-world challenge of how to fix an obsolescent business process or address a business challenge using algorithms and programs.


Sr. Software Engineer

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We're on a mission to provide security teams with the intelligence they need to confront and stop advanced threats like supply chain attacks, zero day exploits, and ransomware attacks. Cyber attackers still have the advantage. Are you ready to help us reclaim the upper hand? Every day, banks, hospitals, government agencies, and entertainment companies rely on Extrahop's Reveal(x) a cloud-based machine learning cyber security platform to understand which users, devices and network activities they can trust. With this knowledge companies prevent fraud, data breaches, and can focus on building better user experiences, instead of worrying about security.


How artificial intelligence helped save world trade

#artificialintelligence

The effects of the Covid-19 pandemic continue to severely disrupt trade. Yet some trade finance banks had the foresight to plan for such an eventuality, utilising capabilities that overcome market-wide limits on documentary trade. As appetite for trade digitalisation grows, Conpend's CEO, Torben Sauer, explains how banks are increasingly turning to technology to automate their document checking using AI – eradicating logistical challenges following a surge in remote working caused by the pandemic, and streamlining paper-based processes and transforming operational efficiency Over the last two years, financial institutions (FIs) have experienced unparalleled disruption as the Covid-19 pandemic continues to impact regions across the world. What they have not experienced, however, is a major decline in functionality. While the crisis initially sent shockwaves through the financial markets in March 2020, the operations of most of the world's major banks converted to home working without a single day's loss in service.


Trolley Problem, Inc review – a thrill ride into the world of ethical dilemmas

The Guardian

Should a hospital introduce a mandatory vaccination programme to stop a breakout of infant disease when one of five children will become ill from the vaccine? Should an AI company programme a self-driving car to save its passengers at any cost? Should a government torture a prisoner to extract information that is certain to save many lives? In Trolley Problem, Inc – a game named after the well-known philosophical dilemma by which an onlooker can choose to divert a runaway trolley to kill one person instead of five – you have 40 seconds to answer these and scores of other ethical quandaries. As the timer drains, a well-spoken, gently sarcastic female commentator articulates the counterargument to your intended choice.


Using machine-learning to distinguish antibody targets

AIHub

The virus's spike proteins (purple) are a key antibody target, with some antibodies attaching to the top (darker purple) and others to the stem (paler zone). A new study shows that it is possible to use the genetic sequences of a person's antibodies to predict what pathogens those antibodies will target. "Our research is in a very early stage, but this proof-of-concept study shows that we can use machine learning to connect the sequence of an antibody to its function," said Nicholas Wu, a professor of biochemistry at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign who led the research with biochemistry PhD student Yiquan Wang; and Meng Yuan, a staff scientist at Scripps Research in La Jolla, California. With enough data, scientists should be able to predict not only the virus an antibody will attack, but which features on the pathogen the antibody binds to, Wu said. For example, an antibody may attach to different parts of the spike protein on the SARS-CoV-2 virus.


Covid-19 news: Cognitive impairment equivalent to 20 years of ageing

New Scientist

Covid-19 can cause lasting cognitive and mental health issues, including brain fog, fatigue and even post-traumatic stress disorder. To better understand the scale of the problem, researchers at the University of Cambridge analysed 46 people who were hospitalised due to the infection between March and July 2020. The participants underwent cognitive tests on average six months after their initial illness. These results were compared against those of more than 66,000 people from the general population. Those hospitalised with covid-19 scored worse on verbal analogical reasoning tests, which assess an individual's ability to recognise relationships between ideas and think methodically. They also recorded slower processing speeds. Previous studies suggest glucose is less efficiently used by the part of the brain responsible for attention, complex problem-solving and working memory after covid-19. Scores and reaction speeds improved over time, however, any recovery was gradual at best, according to the researchers. This cognitive impairment probably has multiple causes, including inadequate blood supply to the brain, blood vessel blockage and microscopic bleeds caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, as well as damage triggered by an overactive immune system, they added. "Around 40,000 people have been through intensive care with covid-19 in England alone and many more will have been very sick, but not admitted to hospital," Adam Hampshire at Imperial College London said in a statement. "This means there is a large number of people out there still experiencing problems with cognition many months later." The biological mechanism behind a rare and severe covid-19 response seen in some children may have been uncovered by researchers at the Murdoch Children's Research Institute in Melbourne, Australia. Doctors have so far been unable to identify why some children develop multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in response to covid-19, which can cause symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain and heart disease.