Immunology


This is for you, Elon Musk: 5 threats to humanity greater than artificial intelligence

Mashable

Sea levels are already rising, and if nations around the world continue on emitting greenhouse gases without greatly cutting emissions, that sea level rise could be devastating. Nuclear war could kill millions and alter the Earth's climate, making parts of our planet uninhabitable. According to a 2016 report, outbreaks of infectious diseases in the future pose a major risk to human life and world economies. The largest refugee crisis since World War II is currently taking place because of rampant inequality, religious strife, armed conflict, discrimination, and the search for better lives in the West.


Debug to release 20 million mosquitoes in Fresno

Daily Mail

The technique launched today by Verily's Debug project uses a naturally occurring bacteria that causes them to produce dud eggs Smart traps - Roughly the size of large birdhouses, these smart traps use robotics, infrared sensors, machine learning and cloud computing to help health officials keep tabs on potential disease carriers. The so-called'good bugs' are infected with the naturally-occurring bacteria called Wolbachia to target the invasive Aedes aegypti mosquito. The so-called'good bugs' are infected with the naturally-occurring bacteria called Wolbachia to target the invasive Aedes aegypti mosquito. The so-called'good bugs' are infected with the naturally-occurring bacteria called Wolbachia to target the invasive Aedes aegypti mosquito (pictured) Microsoft is testing a'smart trap' in Texas that can isolate and capture Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, according to Reuters.


Ingenious: Jack Gilbert - Issue 50: Emergence

Nautilus

So, instead of curing the patient and removing the dangerous sources, we're actually creating an environment inside the patient that selects for organisms that are dangerous. But if we add the bacteria back into the mouse, literally with probiotic formulations into its gut, it'll start to hide back in the boxes like a normal mouse would. And we've started to demonstrate this in humans by taking formulations of bacteria that produce gamma-Aminobutyric acid [GABA], a neurotransmitter, which produces a sense of calm. So if we took the bacteria from an obese person and we put it into a mouse, the mouse would put on more calories than a mouse that got bacteria from a thin person for the same calorific intake, and for the same exercise regimen.


How Artificial Intelligence Will Revolutionize Our Lives

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Talking from his home near Seattle, he explains how Artificial Intelligence (AI) may one day make going to the doctor a thing of the past; how a Master Algorithm could match Einstein's theory of relativity in its world-transformative power; and why replacing soldiers on the battlefield with robots might actually make warfare more humane. Give it a vast database of cancer patient records and it learns to diagnose and cure cancer. You need something like a grand unified theory of machine learning, like the grand unified theory of physics. Machine learning can potentially take in the cancer's genome, the patient's genome and medical history, predict which drug or combination of drugs to use or even design a new drug specifically for that cancer.


Artificial intelligence, automation and the future of nursing Canadian Nurse

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Picture this: a patient walks into the emergency department and sits in front of the "triage nurse" -- a computer that uses advanced algorithms to ask questions based on the patient's answers. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) are testing robotic decision supports that schedule nursing tasks and assign rooms to patients. TAVIE uses pre-recorded videos of a nurse to coach patients to manage their health condition and make behaviour changes. Ryan Chan, an emergency nurse and a master's student, is working with Booth and his research team as they develop an online computer game to teach electronic medication administration to nursing students.


Thought leadership in social sector robotics

Robohub

The first panel featured our Flying Labs Coordinators from Tanzania (Yussuf), Peru (Juan) and Nepal (Uttam). Last but not least, Uttam showed how Nepal Flying Labs has been using flying robots for agriculture monitoring, damage assessment and mapping of property rights. He also gave an overview of the social entrepreneurship training and business plan competition recently organized by Nepal Flying Labs. UNICEF (Judith) highlighted the field tests they have been carrying out in Malawi; using cargo robotics to transport HIV samples in order to accelerate HIV testing and thus treatment.


How to reduce Zika using flying robots

Robohub

Our partners at the joint FAO/IAEA Insect Pest Control Lab in Vienna, Austria have been working to perfect the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) in order to sterilize and release male mosquitos in Zika hotspots. Our field tests in Peru will also seek to identify the optimal flight parameters for the targeted and homogenous delivery of sterilized mosquitos. The plan is for Peru Flying Labs to operate the flying robots and release mechanisms as need once we have a more robust version of the release mechanism. The vision here is to have a fleet of flying robots at our Flying Labs equipped with release mechanisms in order to collectively release millions of sterilized mosquitos over relatively large areas.


How to Apply Artificial Intelligence to the HIV/AIDS Pandemic - ExtremeTech

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But the AI's work isn't done yet. Comparing the change in genetic code with infection rates and virulence factors could give us a better model for working toward a vaccine for this insufferable virus. And if we finally managed to program an AI that would tell us how it arrives at its conclusions, that would be a powerful collaboration indeed. Imagine an AI that evolves with the virus it tracks.


Blood from the Sky: Zipline's Ambitious Medical Drone Delivery in Africa

MIT Technology Review

This meant that Zipline's drones, which have a flight range of 150 kilometers, could serve nearly half the country from a single launch site. Zipline's plans for Rwanda include scaling up to a wide range of medical products, including emergency rabies vaccines; drugs to treat HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria; contraceptives; and diagnostic test kits. Today, Rwanda's Ministry of Health stores blood at a national center in Kigali and four regional depots around the country; its 58 facilities equipped to handle blood transfusions, mainly hospitals, keep a small inventory of common blood types and must continually restock from the depots or national center. The World Health Organization estimates that Rwanda has one maternal death for every 344 live births, 20 times the rate in the United States and 97 times the rate in the top-performing countries in Europe.


Inova Translational Medicine Institute Partners with Cloudera to Advance Genome-Based Machine Learning Initiatives and Save Lives

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PALO ALTO, Calif., June 06, 2017 --Cloudera, Inc., (NYSE: CLDR), the leading provider of the modern platform for machine learning and advanced analytics built on the latest open source technologies, announced that Inova Translational Medicine Institute (ITMI), a global leading medical research institute, has deployed Cloudera Enterprise to securely analyze massive collections of clinical and genomic data at unprecedented speeds and scale for faster innovations in translational medicine research. As part of the Inova Center for Personalized Health (ICPH), ITMI's team of leading scientists, researchers, analysts and collaborators use machine learning algorithms on terabytes of clinical and genomic information to identify the genetic links to diseases. This genomic data analysis allows a bioinformatics scientist to study genomic correlations from people with conditions like arthritis, autoimmune diseases or cancer. Working with Cloudera, ITMI built a world-class bioinformatics infrastructure for the Institute's massively growing data collection of genomes paired against the clinical record.